The state retains landmarks from different eras of Indian history. Sites such as Bhimbetka, Adamgarh, Pachmarhi, Raisen, Jaora etc. stand witness to the prehistoric period. Dynastic history dates back to Ashoka, the Kushans, and then the Satvahanas. Post independence, a large number of princely states were reorganised to form the present day Madhya Pradesh.
Madhya Pradesh is positioned in the heart of India and spans an area of 308,000 km²It is the second largest state in India. Bhopal is the capital city, but Indore is the largest city. It has a population of over 7 crores as per 2011 census, ranking it sixth among Indian states in terms of population.
Madhya Pradesh contributes to India's mineral production in a large way.
Hindi is a standard language spoken in Madhya Pradesh. Besides that, people also speak various of the regional dialects Malvi is spoken in Malwa, Nimadi is spoken in Nimar, Bundeli is spoken in Bundelkhand and Bagheli is spoken in Bagelkhand and in the southeastern areas of the state. Other languages spoken are Telugu, Gondi, Bhilodi (Bhili), Korku, Nihali (Nahali) and Kalto (Nahali), which the tribal groups speak. Because the Marathas had ruled this place, a substantial number of people speak Marathi hereto and since Gujarat is very close to the state, many people are familiar with Gujarati.
A number of national highways run through the state. Some of them are NH3, NH 44, NH 12, NH 12A, NH 25, NH 26, NH 26A, NH 26B, NH 27, NH 59 A, and many more.
Major rivers flowing through Madhya Pradesh are Betwa, Chambal, Dhasan Ken, Mahi, Narmada Parbati, Son Tapi (Tapti), Tons, Wainganga, and wardha. The narrow and long Narmada-Son valley runs almost through the entire state from east to west making the area fit for agricultural activities. The Central Highlands and the Satpura-Maikal ranges contribute in dividing the state into three physiogeographic regions. Madhya Pradesh, like other parts of India, has three major seasons - summer, monsoon and winter.
Madhya Pradesh Metro Rail System
The Bhopal Metro and Indore Metro are rapid transit light metro systems proposed for the cities of Bhopal and Indore in Madhya Pradesh.
The Indore Metro, which will become operational in 2018, will cover a distance of 107 kilometers. The metro will have eight lines with an estimated 75 stations. Sic corridors have been proposed and the main ones are: Annapurna to Sukhliya, Super Corridor MR 10 to Ring Road, and Niranjanpura to Bhawarkuwa. An estimated 250,000 people will travel by the Indore Metro.
The Bhopal Metro will cover 85 kilometers and would comprise five corridors. It would have an estimated 91 stations. The three proposed corridors are: M P Nagar to Mandideep, Suruchi Nagar to BHEL, and Bairagarh to Mandideep. An estimated 220,000 people will travel by the Bhopal Metro daily.
- Kandariya Temple
- Sanchi Stupa
- Man Singh Palace
- Dhuandhar Falls
- Bhimbetka Rock Shelters
- Marble Rocks
Best Time to Visit
How to Reach
By Air: The state is well-connected by air. The major airports of Madhya Pradesh are in Bhopal, Indore, Gwalior and Jabalpur. Bhopal is an international airport too.
By Rail: The rail network within Madhya Pradesh is extensive, which means you can travel to this state from almost all the cities of this country.
By Road: There are government as well as private buses that run from and to Madhya Pradesh. Bus service can be easily availed to and from all the desired destinations in the state.
|Madhya Pradesh State Information|
|Date of formation||01/11/56|
|Governor||Anandiben Patel (Announced)|
|Chief Minister||Shivraj Singh Chouhan|
|Tourist attractions||Sanchi Stupa, Gwalior Fort, Orchha Fort, Khajuraho, Ujjain|
|Festivals||Gana-Gour, Ganga, Dashami, Hareli|
|Major dance and music forms||Gaur Dance, Muria Dance, Relo Songs|
|Arts and crafts||Wall paintings or bhitti chitras; Chippa bagh or hand-block printers; battubai dolls.|
|Size||308,245 sq. km|
|Population (Census 2011)||72597565|
|Rivers||Narmada, Tapti, Betwa, Son, Chambal|
|Forests and wildlife sanctuaries||Bandhavgarh NP, Kanha NP, Pench NP, Indrawati Tiger Reserve, Kheoni WS|
|State animal||Swamp Deer|
|State bird||Paradise flycatcher|
|Major crops||Rice, wheat soybeans, spices|
|Factoids||One half of Bhawani Mandi station on the Mumbai- Delhi railway line lies in Madhya Pradesh and the other half lies in Rajasthan.|
|Pench and Kanha forests in the Satpura ranges, and Bandhavgarh in the Vindhyas, are all tiger reserves.|
|No. of District||51|
Blogs about Madhya Pradesh
General Elections 2019 – Day 41 : PM rakes up Abhinandan at the rally; may attract EC attention PM Modi brought up Abhinandan at a poll rally in Paran, Gujarat, reports Hindustan Times. The PM spoke of how he warned Pakistan for IAF fighter pilot Abhinandan’s immediate return after his MiG 21 Bison shot down an intruding F-16 fighter and had to eject over POK after his aircraft took fire and subsequently taken prisoner. The PM went on to quote an American…
General Elections 2019 – Day 39 : Mayawati, Mulayam, and Akhilesh in a show of unity in Mainpuri Ban over, Mayawati was at her colourful best vocally endorsing her once arch rival Mulayam Singh Yadav (SP) at a joint rally in Mainpuri, U.P. The credit for this rare sight goes entirely to Mulayam’s son and former CM Akhilesh Yadav who worked hard in stitching together the SP-BSP alliance to take on the BJP in U.P. If there was any doubt on Mulayam…
General Elections 2019 – Day 29 : The Poll of Polls reveals a slim majority to NDA Before every major election, opinion polls keep Psephologists, political commentators, political parties and the voting people deeply engaged in debating the outcomes predicted in the poll. 2019 is no different and with two days to go before the first phase of voting commences, we have the Poll of Polls published by NDTV pointing to the NDA winning a slim majority. Tread with caution here, as…
Congress beats BJP in a cliffhanger contest in Madhya Pradesh : The results of the 2018 Assembly elections in Madhya Pradesh is out, and the Indian National Congress (INC) has beaten the Shivraj Singh Chouhan Singh-led BJP to emerge with maximum seats – 114 out of a total of 230 seats. The final results: Total Seats: 230 Party Seats Number of Votes Vote Share Indian National Congress (INC) 114 15,595,153 40.9% Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) 109 15,642,980 41.0% Independent 4 2,218,230 5.8% Bahujan Samaj Party (BSP)…
Will the Congress succeed in forming the next government in Madhya Pradesh? : Five out of eight Exit Polls point to the Congress holding a slight advantage over the BJP in Madhya Pradesh and could well end up forming the next government. Were that to happen, it would mark a big upset for the BJP where Shivraj Singh Chouhan held sway for three consecutive terms and was expected to roll into a fourth. On November 28, the people of Madhya Pradesh voted to elect 230 representatives to the…
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