The state retains landmarks from different eras of Indian history. Sites such as Bhimbetka, Adamgarh, Pachmarhi, Raisen, Jaora etc. stand witness to the prehistoric period. Dynastic history dates back to Ashoka, the Kushans, and then the Satvahanas. Post independence, a large number of princely states were reorganised to form the present day Madhya Pradesh.
Madhya Pradesh is positioned in the heart of India and spans an area of 308,000 km²It is the second largest state in India. Bhopal is the capital city, but Indore is the largest city. It has a population of over 7 crores as per 2011 census, ranking it sixth among Indian states in terms of population.
Madhya Pradesh contributes to India's mineral production in a large way.
Hindi is a standard language spoken in Madhya Pradesh. Besides that, people also speak various of the regional dialects Malvi is spoken in Malwa, Nimadi is spoken in Nimar, Bundeli is spoken in Bundelkhand and Bagheli is spoken in Bagelkhand and in the southeastern areas of the state. Other languages spoken are Telugu, Gondi, Bhilodi (Bhili), Korku, Nihali (Nahali) and Kalto (Nahali), which the tribal groups speak. Because the Marathas had ruled this place, a substantial number of people speak Marathi hereto and since Gujarat is very close to the state, many people are familiar with Gujarati.
A number of national highways run through the state. Some of them are NH3, NH 44, NH 12, NH 12A, NH 25, NH 26, NH 26A, NH 26B, NH 27, NH 59 A, and many more.
Major rivers flowing through Madhya Pradesh are Betwa, Chambal, Dhasan Ken, Mahi, Narmada Parbati, Son Tapi (Tapti), Tons, Wainganga, and wardha. The narrow and long Narmada-Son valley runs almost through the entire state from east to west making the area fit for agricultural activities. The Central Highlands and the Satpura-Maikal ranges contribute in dividing the state into three physiogeographic regions. Madhya Pradesh, like other parts of India, has three major seasons - summer, monsoon and winter.
Madhya Pradesh Metro Rail System
The Bhopal Metro and Indore Metro are rapid transit light metro systems proposed for the cities of Bhopal and Indore in Madhya Pradesh.
The Indore Metro, which will become operational in 2018, will cover a distance of 107 kilometers. The metro will have eight lines with an estimated 75 stations. Sic corridors have been proposed and the main ones are: Annapurna to Sukhliya, Super Corridor MR 10 to Ring Road, and Niranjanpura to Bhawarkuwa. An estimated 250,000 people will travel by the Indore Metro.
The Bhopal Metro will cover 85 kilometers and would comprise five corridors. It would have an estimated 91 stations. The three proposed corridors are: M P Nagar to Mandideep, Suruchi Nagar to BHEL, and Bairagarh to Mandideep. An estimated 220,000 people will travel by the Bhopal Metro daily.
- Kandariya Temple
- Sanchi Stupa
- Man Singh Palace
- Dhuandhar Falls
- Bhimbetka Rock Shelters
- Marble Rocks
Best Time to Visit
How to Reach
By Air: The state is well-connected by air. The major airports of Madhya Pradesh are in Bhopal, Indore, Gwalior and Jabalpur. Bhopal is an international airport too.
By Rail: The rail network within Madhya Pradesh is extensive, which means you can travel to this state from almost all the cities of this country.
By Road: There are government as well as private buses that run from and to Madhya Pradesh. Bus service can be easily availed to and from all the desired destinations in the state.
|Madhya Pradesh State Information|
|Date of formation||01/11/56|
|Governor||Anandiben Patel (Announced)|
|Chief Minister||Shivraj Singh Chouhan|
|Tourist attractions||Sanchi Stupa, Gwalior Fort, Orchha Fort, Khajuraho, Ujjain|
|Festivals||Gana-Gour, Ganga, Dashami, Hareli|
|Major dance and music forms||Gaur Dance, Muria Dance, Relo Songs|
|Arts and crafts||Wall paintings or bhitti chitras; Chippa bagh or hand-block printers; battubai dolls.|
|Size||308,245 sq. km|
|Population (Census 2011)||72597565|
|Rivers||Narmada, Tapti, Betwa, Son, Chambal|
|Forests and wildlife sanctuaries||Bandhavgarh NP, Kanha NP, Pench NP, Indrawati Tiger Reserve, Kheoni WS|
|State animal||Swamp Deer|
|State bird||Paradise flycatcher|
|Major crops||Rice, wheat soybeans, spices|
|Factoids||One half of Bhawani Mandi station on the Mumbai- Delhi railway line lies in Madhya Pradesh and the other half lies in Rajasthan.|
|Pench and Kanha forests in the Satpura ranges, and Bandhavgarh in the Vindhyas, are all tiger reserves.|
|No. of District||51|
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