History of Himachal Pradesh
The history of Himachal Pradesh dates back to ancient times and was inhabited by tribes such as Dagis, Khasas, Koilis, Halis, Dhaugris, Dasa, Kinnars and Kirats. Around 883 AD some parts of the state were under the control of the king of Kashmir, Sankar Varma. Around 1009 AD, Mahmud of Ghazni invaded the region. Rajputs exercised influence over the region in around 1043. During the time of the Mughals Empire, many kingdoms in the region accepted the authority of the Mughals. By 1804, vast regions of the state passed into the hands of Sikh emperor Maharaja Ranjit Singh. Many regions of the state also witnessed Gurkha rule. The region finally passed into the hands of the British who ruled it till 1947 when it became a part of independent India. In the year 1950, Himachal Pradesh was declared a Union Territory of India. Later on, however, with the passing of Himachal Pradesh Act of 1971, it emerged as the eighteenth state of India. The word 'Hima' actually means snow in Sanskrit terminology. Acharya Diwakar Datt Sharma, an eminent Sanskrit Scholar from Himachal Pradesh named the state.
Economy of Himachal Pradesh
The state boasts of numerous picturesque tourist destinations. As such tourism is an important industry and is a major contributor to the economy of the state. Agriculture is also one of the most significant industry contributing to over 45% to the net state domestic product. Textiles and the burgeoning hydroelectric power export industry are the other sources of income for the state. Himachal Pradesh is among those states in India, which has a very per capita income. The state sells hydro electricity power to Punjab, Delhi and Rajasthan.
Himachal Pradesh is located in the western Himalayas with most of it situated in the foothills of the Dhauladhar Range. Reo Purgyil, with a height of 6,816, is the highest peak. Some of the drainage systems located in the state are Chenab, Beas, Ravi, Yamuna and the Sutlej. Forests comprise some 66.52 percent of the state. Himachal Pradesh boasts of a wide variety of species which include approximately 463 bird, 80 fish, 77 mammalian, and some 44 reptile species.
Administration in Himachal Pradesh
Himachal Pradesh is divided into 12 districts. The head of each of the districts is a Deputy Commissioner, also known as District Magistrate. For administrative purposes, the districts are further divided into sub-divisions, which are controlled by the sub-divisional magistrates. The sub-divisions are further divided into blocks. Blocks comprise panchayats that is the village councils and town municipalities. The law and order in the district is maintained by the Superintendent of Police.
A number of pilgrimage centers and Hindu temples are situated in Himachal Pradesh. There are more than two thousand Temples in Himachal Pradesh. These Himachal Pradesh Temples are also magnificent works of architecture. The temples are the centers of attraction for the visitors and tourists. Many of them are also associated with ancient legends.
Himachal Pradesh at a Glance
|Area||55,673 km2||Population (Census 2011)||6,864,602|
|Urban Population||595,581||Rural Population||5,482,319|
|Population Density||109||Sex Ratio||974|
|Literacy Rate||83.78||Female Literacy||68.08%|
|Panchayat Smities||75||Zila Parishad||12|
|Nagar Nigam||1||Nagar Parishad||20|
|Nagar Panchayats||32||Urban Local Bodies||53|
|Census Villages||20,118||Inhabited Villages||17,495|
|Educational Institutions||17,000||Health Institutions||3,835|
|Motorable Roads||30,000 km||National Highways||8|
Himachal Pradesh State Information
|Date of formation||25. Jan. 1971|
|Chief Minister||Prem Kumar Dhumal|
|Tourist attractions||Shimla, Kulu, Manali, Dharamsala|
|Major dance and music forms||Mala dance, Rakshas Dance|
|Arts and crafts.||Pahari painting is done in the Basohli and Kangra styles; Kullu shawls and woollen caps are famous; the Chamba Rumal has Kangra style paintings embroidered on cloth.|
|Languages||Hindi, Punjabi, Kinnauri, Pahari|
|Size||55,673 sq. km|
|Rivers||Ravi, Beas, Chenab, Sutlej, Yamuna|
|Forests and wildlife sanctuaries||Pin Valley NP, Greater Himalayan NP, Renuka WS, Chail WS, Kalatope Khajjiar WS|
|State animal||Snow leopard|
|State bird||Western tragopan|
|State flower||Pink rhododendron|
|Major crops||Wheat, rice, maize, barley|
|Factoids||The world's oldest democracy is believed to be a tiny, isolated village called Malana.|
|Shimla was the summer capital of british India.|
|No. of District||12|
Maps in Other Regional Languages
Last Updated on : January 25, 2017