A state in North India, Himachal Pradesh literally means a 'region of snowy mountains'. It is also sometimes referred as 'Dev Bhumi' meaning Abode of Gods. In the year 1950 Himachal Pradesh was declared as one of the Union Territories of India. Later on however, with the passing of Himachal Pradesh Act of 1971, it emerged as the eighteenth state of India. The word 'Hima' actually means snow in Sanskrit terminology. Acharya Diwakar Datt Sharma, an eminent Sanskrit Scholar from Himachal Pradesh named the state.
Himachal Pradesh is among those states in India, which has a very per capita income. The state sells hydro electricity power to Punjab, Delhi and Rajasthan. The economy of Himachal Pradesh depends greatly on tourism, hydroelectric power and agriculture. Shimla serves as the state capital that was earlier the summer capital of the British.
The head of each of the Districts in Himachal Pradesh is a Deputy Commissioner also known as Deputy Magistrate. For administrative purposes, the districts are further divided into sub-divisions, which are controlled by the sub-divisional magistrates. The sub-divisions are further divided into blocks. Blocks comprise panchayats that is the village councils and town municipalities. The law and order in the district is maintained by the Superintendent of Police.
The twelve Districts of Himachal Pradesh are listed as below
A number of pilgrimage centers and Hindu temples are situated in Himachal Pradesh. There are more than two thousand Temples in Himachal Pradesh. These Himachal Pradesh Temples are also magnificent works of architecture. The temples are the centers of attraction for the visitors and tourists. Many of them are also associated with ancient legends.
Himachal Pradesh at a Glance
|Urban Population||595,581||Rural Population||5,482,319|
|Population Density||109||Sex Ratio||968|
|Literacy Rate||77.13%||Female Literacy||68.08%|
|Panchayat Smities||75||Zila Parishad||12|
|Nagar Nigam||1||Nagar Parishad||20|
|Nagar Panchayats||32||Urban Local Bodies||53|
|Census Villages||20,118||Inhabited Villages||17,495|
|Educational Institutions||17,000||Health Institutions||3,835|
|Motorable Roads||30,000 km||National Highways||8|
Himachal Pradesh State Information
|Date of formation||25. Jan. 1971|
|Chief Minister||Prem Kumar Dhumal|
|Tourist attractions||Shimla, Kulu, Manali, Dharamsala|
|Major dance and music forms||Mala dance, Rakshas Dance|
|Arts and crafts.||Pahari painting is done in the Basohli and Kangra styles; Kullu shawls and woollen caps are famous; the Chamba Rumal has Kangra style paintings embroidered on cloth.|
|Languages||Hindi, Punjabi, Kinnauri, Pahari|
|Size||55,673 sq. km|
|Rivers||Ravi, Beas, Chenab, Sutlej, Yamuna|
|Forests and wildlife sanctuaries||Pin Valley NP, Greater Himalayan NP, Renuka WS, Chail WS, Kalatope Khajjiar WS|
|State animal||Snow leopard|
|State bird||Western tragopan|
|State flower||Pink rhododendron|
|Major crops||Wheat, rice, maize, barley|
|Factoids||The world's oldest democracy is believed to be a tiny, isolated village called Malana.|
|Shimla was the summer capital of british India.|
Last Updated on : 12/07/2013