Located in South India, Hyderabad is the capital of Telangana as well as Andhra Pradesh's de jure capital. Covering an area of 650 square kilometers, the population of Hyderabad stands at 6.7 million. Famous for its rich history and mouth-watering cuisine, Hyderabad was once a pearl and diamond trading center. It is even today known as the City of Pearls.
History of Hyderabad
Though the region was ruled by successive dynasties in ancient and medieval times; however, the region of modern Hyderabad was founded by Muhammad Quli Qutb Shah in the year 1591. The Qutb Shahi Dynasty ruled the region for around a hundred years before the Mughals established their rule. Asif Jah I, who was the Mughal viceroy of the region, declared independence from Mughal rule in 1724. His dynastry was known as the Nizams of Hyderabad and during the British rule were a princely state. The city of Hyderabad, which was the capital of the Nizam, became the capital of the Hyderabad state which was amalgamated into independent India in 1948. Later on, in 1956, following the reorganization of the states, it became the capital of the newly created state of Andhra Pradesh. The state of Telangana was carved out of Andhra Pradesh in 2014 with Hyderabad becoming the capital of both the states.
Places of Attractions in Hyderabad
The state is famed for its numerous monuments and heritage sites, the most prominent of which is the Charminar. The impressive monument was built by Muhammed Quli Qutb Shah in honor of the plague victims. Golconda Fort, which witnessed the rise of many dynasties, is a popular tourist attraction. The Qutub Shahi Tombs are the resting places of the rulers of Hyderabad. Mecca Masjid is one of the oldest mosques in the city. Shri Jagannath Temple is known for its annual rath yatra. Sri Rama Chandra Swamy Temple was constructed in the 13th century. Get a glimpse of some of the most wonderful flora and fauna at the Nehru Zoological Park.
Educational Institutes in Hyderabad
Hyderabad has 13 universities. Of these, six are state universities, three central, two deemed and two are private universities. The three central universities are Maulana Azad National Urdu University, English and Foreign Languages University, and University of Hyderabad. Popular among Indian students as well as international, Osmania University is the city's first university. It was established in 1918. Distance learning is provided by the Dr. B. R. Ambedkar Open University.
Transport in Hyderabad
The Rajiv Gandhi International Airport connects Hyderabad to not only other parts of India but to many prominent cities around the world. Comprising state-of-the-art facilities, the airport is considered to be one of the best in the country.
Traveling by train won't be a hassle as Secunderabad, Hyderabad, and Kachiguda are served by three prominent railways stations. Apart from this, there is also a minor station at Begumpet. Hyderabad is well-connected to the other parts of the country by national highways. These are NH-7, NH-9, NH-163 and NH-765. The prominent state highways are SH-1, SH-2, SH-4, SH-5 and SH-6.
Getting around Hyderabad will not be an arduous task as it has good local bus connectivity. The local bus service is provided by Telangana State Road Transport Corporation.
|Tehsil/Taluk||Amberpeth, Ameerpet, Asifnagar, Bahadurpura, Bandlaguda, Charminar, Golconda, Himayatnagar, Khairtabad, Marredpally, Musheerabad, Nampally, Saidabad, Secunderabad, Shaikpet, Trimulgherry|
|Zone||South Zone, East Zone, West Zone, North Zone, Central Zone|
|Lat Long||17.383682, 78.484950|
|Area||251 sq miles (650 km2)|
|Population as per 2011||6,809,970|
|Official Languages||Telugu, Urdu|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|Transport||Air, Road, Rail|
|Food and Cuisine||Mughlai, Turkish, Arabic, Telugu and Marathwada Cuisines, Hyderabadi Biryani, Aurangabad (Naan Qalia), Gulbarga (Tahari), Bidar (Kalyani Biryani), Spices, Meat, Rice, use of dry Coconut and tamarind, Dum Pukht, Awadhi Cuisine, Hyderabadi Haleem, Hyderabadi Marag, Bagara Khana, Baghara Baingan, Dalcha, Tamate ka Kut, Churri, Chakna, Qubani ka Meetha, Double ka Meetha- Bread, Sheer Korma - Vermicelli, Snacks - Lukhmi etc.|
|Religion||Hindu, Muslim, Christians|
|Festival||Ganesha Chaturthi, Muharram, Diwali, Holi, Bonalu, Dussehra, Ugadi, Sankranthi, Rakhi, Ramzan, Annual Music & Dance Festival Hyderabad, Kite Festival, Deccan Festival, Sivratri, Buddha Purnima, Mrigasira Festival, Guru Purnima, Eid Al-Fitr, Muharram , Milad-Un-Nabi, Eid Al-Adha etc.|
|Monuments||Charminar, Mecca Masjid Minaret, Qutb Shahi Tombs, Spanish Mosque, Asman Garh Palace, Golconda Fort, Purani Haveli, Falaknuma Palace, Chowmahalla Palace, Legislative Assembly, Ramoji Film City etc.|
|Places of interest||Golconda Fort, Salarjung Museum, Charminar, Hussain Sagar, Chowmahalla Palace, Taj Falaknuma Palace, Qutb Shahi Tombs, Lumbini Park, Birla Temple, Nehru Zoological Park, Chilkur Balaji Temple, Makkah Masjid, Osman Sagar, NTR Gardens, Taramati Baradari, Durgam Cheruvu, Kasu Brahmananda Reddy National Park, Paigah Tombs, Mahavir Harina Vanasthali National Park, Mrugavani National Park, Museum - BMBirla Science Centre, AP State Archaeology Museum, Snow World, Mir Alam Tank, Ramoji Film City, Jalavihar, Shamirpet Lake, Keesaragutta Temple, Sanjeevaiah Park, Ravindra Bharathi, Himayat Sagar, Nizam Museum etc.|
|Markets||Laad Bazaar, Abids Street, Charminar, Basheerbagh, Koti And Sultan Bazaar, Begum Bazaar, Narayanguda-Chikkadpally, Monda Market, Amrutha Mall, Minerva Complex, City Centre etc.|
|Hospital||Mediciti Hospitals, Kamineni Hospital, Krishna Institute of Medical Sciences, Medwin Hospitals, Fernandez Hospital, Sunshine Hospitals, Olive Hospital etc.|
|Hotel||Hyderabad Marriott Hotel & Convention Centre, The Westin, The Golkonda Hotel, Taj Krishna Hotel, The Park Hotel, Katriya Hotel & Towers, Courtyard Hyderabad etc.|
|Industries||Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited (BHEL), Nuclear Fuel Complex (NFC), National Mineral Development Corporation (NMDC), Bharat Electronics (BEL), Electronics Corporation of India Limited (ECIL), Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO), Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL), Centre for Cellular and Molecular Biology (CCMB), Centre for DNA Fingerprinting and Diagnostics (CDFD), Indian Drugs and Pharmaceuticals Limited (IDPL), Advanz Knowledge Systems Pvt Ltd, Azri Solutions Pvt Ltd, Foxfire Technologies Limited, Greenstumps Pvt Ltd, Hudda Infotech Pvt Ltd, Hyderabad Industries Ltd, Vortex Industries, Tristar Kinematics Pvt. Ltd., Bhagyalaxmi Industries (BLI), Surya Industries, Plasticon Technologies Pvt. Ltd., Pranavanagha Plastic Machines Limited etc.|
|University/College||Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University (JNTU), Engineering Agricultural and Medical Common Entrance Test (EAM-CET), deemed universities, central universities, University of Hyderabad, Maulana Azad National Urdu University, English and Foreign Languages University, Dr. B. R. Ambedkar Open University, Indian School of Business, National Institute of Rural Development, Institute of Chartered Financial Analysts of India, Institute of Public Enterprise, the Administrative Staff College of India, and the Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel National Police Academy, Osmania Medical College, Gandhi Medical College, Nizam's Institute of Medical Sciences, Deccan College of Medical Sciences and Shadan Institute Of Medical Sciences, Government Nizamia Tibbi College, Unani medicine, National Institute of Pharmaceutical Education and Research, International Institute of Information Technology, Indian Institute of Technology, Birla Institute of Technology and Science, agricultural engineering institutes, Acharya N. G. Ranga Agricultural University, NIFT Hyderabad and Vigan and Leigh College etc.|
|Notable people||Rashid Ali - Singer, Talat Aziz - Ghazal Singer, Farah - Bollywood Actress (1980s and early 90s), Vivek Oberoi - Actor, Sushmita Sen - Actress Miss Universe (1994), Tabu - Actress, Tottempudi Gopichand - Actress, N. C. Karunya - Singer etc.|
Blogs about Hyderabad
Telangana Seeks UNESCO Recognition For Charminar, Golconda Fort : The Telangana Government is working towards getting UNESCO recognition for Charminar, Golconda Fort and Qutub Shahi Tombs. The Government of Telangana is planning to set up a special task force to help towards removing encroachments or unauthorised constructions in or around historic sites and monuments in the city. If required, services of retired employees will be pooled-in in this endeavour, as per Municipal Administration and Urban Development Minister K T Rama Rao. World Heritage Sites…
Uber to Invest $50 Million in Hyderabad : Uber, one of the leading names in the world of taxi-hailing services in India, has opted to put in 50 million US dollars, roughly equivalent to INR 317 crore. This money will be invested over a period of five years in a centre that will be established in the capital city of Telangana. The amount will be used for training the support staff that deals with the customers, and the drivers. Uber has also signed…
Which are the Best Cities in India to Live? : The development of cities and increasing urbanisation in India has transformed the Indian society and culture. A change in terms of occupation, living standards, thinking, education, culinary preferences etc is apparent. Cities, which are the hub of trade and commerce, attract everyone as growth rate here is higher as compared to small towns and villages. The wish to live a better life results in internal migration. People migrate from town and villages to cities and…
The Blissfully Entertaining NTR Garden in Hyderabad : Location: Hussain Sagar Lake, Hyderabad, Telangana Deemed as one of most expensive gardens in India, the NTR Garden is a popular attraction of the city of Hyderabad. Sprawling across an area of 55 acres, it houses the memorial of the great leader of Andhra Pradesh, Late N T Rama Rao. The park was created by the Government of Andhra Pradesh with a lavish budget of 40 crores, in order to honor the respectable leader.…
Snow World in Hyderabad : Location: Lower Tank Bund Road, Hyderabad, Telangana As a child I had always wanted to keep playing in the snow forever. Unfortunately, I did not have control over the weather and had to wait until the next season. But thanks to the beautiful city of Hyderabad, I no longer have to wait for the peak season to enjoy the snow. An astounding wonder in itself, the Snow World in the city of Hyderabad is the first…
Last Updated on : July 7, 2014