On this Day in History


Sundara Sastri Satyamurti, an Indian independence activist and leading Congress politician of Madras Presidency, was born on 19 August 1887 in Thirumayam (Pudukkottai) in present-day Tamil Nadu. He died on 28 March 1943. He is also regarded as the mentor of Madras state chief minister and senior Congress leader K. Kamaraj.

Satyamurti completed his college education from… Read More →

Sir Syed Ahmad Khan, a leading Muslim reformer and educationist who was arguably the most important political voice among Indian Muslims in the latter half of the 19th century, was born on 17 October 1817 in Delhi (which was then the capital, albeit nominal, of the fading Mughal empire). Sir Syed, who established a Muslim centre of learning that later… Read More →

On 26 March 1974, Gaura Devi, a peasant woman, gathered other women around her in a village in the Garhwal Himalayas and—by hugging trees and through other forms of defiance—together prevented loggers from felling trees. This act by illiterate tribal and village women to reclaim their traditional forest rights was a dramatic moment in the ‘Chipko Andolan’, a non-violent struggle… Read More →

Farooq Sheikh, an Indian film, theatre and television actor whose style of acting was noted for its effortlessness, was born on 25 March 1948 in Gujarat’s Surat district in a Muslim zamindar family.

His father, Mustafa, was a lawyer based in Mumbai. Farooq had four younger siblings.

He studied at Mumbai’s St. Mary’s School… Read More →

One of the Musical Trinity of Carnatic music, the legendary composer and poet Muthuswami Dikshitar was born on 24 March 1775. Tyagaraja and Syama Sastri are the other members of the Trinity.

Carnatic music was transmitted orally for hundreds of years. So students had to rely on a great guru to learn music. The written notation of the music was… Read More →

“Leave sentimentalism aside. Be prepared to face the facts. Revolution is a very difficult task. It is beyond the power of any man to make a revolution. Neither can it be brought about on any appointed date. It is brought about by special environments, social and economic. The function of an organised party is to utilise such an opportunity offered… Read More →

Born in Guwahati, Nalini Bala Devi wrote her first poem, Pita, at a tender age of 10 and got married at the age of 12. She lost her husband when she was just 19, followed by losing two of her sons early in her life. These tragic events did not break her down and she started writing poems based on… Read More →

Tamil film star Ramaswamy Ganesan, better known as Gemini Ganesan, was born on 17 November 1920 to a Brahmin family in the then Thanjavur district of Madras state.

The “King of Romance”, as he was called for his good-looking charm and on and off screen romances, died on 22 March 2005. One of his daughters is the Bollywood star Rekha.

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Born on 22 March 1885, Yazdani received his education under Rev. J. Godfrey F. Day and C.F. Andrws. Additionally, he was also trained under Maulavi Mohammad Ishaq and Shamsul Ulama Maulavi Nazeer Ahmad. In the year 1903, he stood first in Aligarh Muslim University in his intermediate exams, followed by winning three gold medals. Later in 1907, Gulam Yazdani was… Read More →

Bismillah Khan, India’s most famous shehnai player who was almost solely responsible for elevating the status of the shehnai from a humble musical instrument to a connoisseur’s delight, was born on 21 March 1913 in Dumraon (Bihar). His parents, Paigambar Khan and Mitthan, had first named him Qamaruddin. The story goes that his grandfather (Paigambar Khan’s father), Rasool Bux Khan,… Read More →

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