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About Puducherry

Puducherry, earlier known as Pondicherry, a very popular destination among tourists from India and abroad, has been touted as the French Riviera of the East.
Pondicherry Location Map
Pondicherry Location Map

Pondicherry Location Map

Pondicherry Map
Pondicherry Map

Pondicherry Map

Pondicherry Railway Map
Pondicherry Railway Map

Pondicherry Railway Map

Described as one of the most beautiful cities in India, it has been visited by people from all over the world for its extraordinary charm. This well planned city has a French influence that attracts tourists.

History of Puducherry

The original name is Puducherry, but the French interpreted it as Pondicherry. The name signifies a new settlement or a new town.

It is also proved that Romans visited the place around 1st century AD. At the beginning of the 4th century AD, the Pallava kingdom ruled for a short period followed by different southern dynasties like the Cholas, Pandyas and later by Vijaynagar and after them the Sultanate of Maudrai. In 1674, the French governor named Francois Marin transformed this small fishing village into a grand port town.

Puducherry first became famous when the French took an interest in this city. Although many wars took place between the English and the French, the French managed to retain power in Puducherry. Around the 18th century, the town grew considerably.

Geography of Puducherry

The total area of the union territory is 479 square kilometers and it comprises four small unconnected districts - Puducherry, Karaikal, Yanam and Mahe. Mahe lies in the Arabian Sea while the other three districts lie in the Bay of Bengal. The largest sections are Puducherry and Karaikal which are enclaves of Tamil Nadu. Mahe and Yanam are enclaves of Kerala and Andhra Pradesh respectively. Puducherry district comprise an area of 293 square kilometers, Karaikal 160 square kilometer, Yanam 30 square kilometers and Mahe 9 square kilometers.

  Facts about Puducherry  
Puducherry district is situated about 180 km south of Chennai on the east coast of India. Karaikal lies about 150 km from Puducherry on the east coast. Yanam also lies on the east coast near Andhra Pradesh. Mahe is situated on the Western Ghats near Kerala.

Climate of Puducherry

This place lies close to the sea, which is why the climate here is warm and humid. The summer season experiences a rise in temperature that rises up to 38 degrees. In the winter, the temperature is pleasant. The winter season begins in November and the temperature never falls below 20 degrees. The North West monsoon wets this land from July to August and again from November to January. The summer season begins from March to July. The winters come along with the monsoon season. Tourists are advised to visit the place between the months of December and March.

Education in Puducherry

This union territory has a highly educated population as compared to the rest of the country. You can find several educational institutions that are excellent in every aspect. Puducherry has several prestigious universities like the Puducherry Engineering College and Puducherry University that is famous among foreigners as well.

There are various types of educational institutions like schools, universities and colleges along with research institutes and distance education. You can find the very famous and prestigious Sri Aurobindo International Center of Education which is a part of Aurobindo Ashram.

Puducherry has colleges that offer courses in several fields such as engineering (civil, mechanical, chemical, and electronics), computer science, mathematics, physics, chemistry, humanities and many more. There are medical colleges for those wishing to pursue a career in medicine. Besides there are dental colleges, colleges for studying biotechnology, management, architecture, law, hotel management, etc. For deserving candidates, scholarships, loans for education and other benefits are also available. The colleges also offer hostels for girls and boys.

The literacy rate in Puducherry is good that goes up to 86.55% compared to the rest of the country. More Detail...

Society and Culture

Puducherry has a mixed culture. It has several cultures brought together to make it blend into one. Puducherry is a typical Dravidian place where you will find a majority of people to be Dravidian. In spite of its French culture and character, the place is truly Indian. Although the original people are from of Tamil origin, the district is comprised of people from various Indian state and foreign countries. You can experience the French culture even after decades of independence from French. It comprises a multi-national culture and is cosmopolitan in nature. Exposure to different cultures has converted this small place into a very attractive multi-cultural city that has very distinct characteristics. The crafts that you see here are traditional and the famous handicrafts that you can buy here is the Puducherry bommai.

The food here is simply delicious. The taste is truly international with a hint of local touch. The French cuisine blends well with the local cuisines providing a totally exotic food flavour. Here, you will find very nice restaurants that specialize in food that are very popular here along with Malayalam, Bengali, Punjabi, Tamil cuisines as well.


Since Puducherry comprises diverse cultures, there are various languages as well. The majority of the inhabitants speak Dravidian language like Tamil, Telugu and Malayalam. However, even French and English are spoken here and understood as well. Schools here teach in Tamil, Malayalam and Telugu medium along with English and French. But the most widely spoken language is English. The official languages of Puducherry are Tamil, Malayalam, Telugu and French. However, it varies from district to district. English is used in government offices. More Detail...

Government and politics

The district government in Puducherry appoints the Chief Minister who is nominated as a member of the Legislative Assembly. He takes several charges of the government and looks after the town planning, excise, public works, revenue, finance, planning, general administration, technology, science, confidential tasks, handles cabinet and civil services as well. The political parties are known for their collective effort for the upgrading of the union territory. The government in Puducherry comprises a Lt. Governor, Chief Secretary, Chief Minister, MLA's, and other ministers.

The government of Puducherry like all other states has a Legislative Assembly which has 30 members. The legislative assembly looks after various issues of the government sectors and is operational for five years.

The Puducherry is the only one Lok Sabha constituency in the union territory. There are various political parties which are responsible for the changes and progress of Puducherry. Its politics has a great influence of the Congress and BJP party which are the two major political parties here.

Economy of Puducherry

Most of the population in Puducherry depends on agriculture and around 90% of the area is irrigated. Various crops are grown here like rice, arecanuts, ragi, cotton, sugarcane, pulses, bajra, groundnut, etc. The dairy here is also quite modern and earning from this sector is high. Fishing can be said to be an important occupation and there are around 28 fishing villages.

There are many small-scale, large-scale and medium-scale industries in Puducherry. About a major portion of the population here is employed in the industrial sector. The industries here manufacture computers, electronic products, pharmaceuticals, sugar, rice bran oil, roofing sheets, leather goods, steel tubes, spirit, earth moving equipments, auto parts etc.

Demographics of Puducherry

Puducherry district has a population of around 1,244,464 according to the census of 2011. The population density is 2,598 per square kilometers. The sex ratio is 1031 females for every 1000 males.

LocationSouthern part of India on the Coromandel Coast of the Bay of Bengal Bounded by Tamil Nadu on its North, West and South
LatitudeBetween 11°46' and 12°30' of North
LongitudeBetween 79°36' and 79°52' of East
Area492 Sq kms
ClimateWarm throughout the year
Max Temperature31.5°C
Min Temperature23.9°C
Average Annual Rainfall130 cms
LanguagesTamil, English, French, Telugu and Malayalam
ReligionHindus, Christians, Muslims and very few Jains, Sikhs and Buddhists
Best Time to VisitOctober to March
ClothingCottons throughout the year

Transport in Puducherry

Being an internationally renowned place for its French legacy, Puducherry provides a great network of roads in all parts of the union territory. There are national highways that run here and join it to other parts of the country. Buses, private vehicles can be found here which are very convenient. There are regular buses that ply from Chennai every half hour.

There is also an airport in the Puducherry town. However it is a domestic airport. International airport can be found in Chennai.


The place is a true delight for every visitor. Auroville is the most popular destination in Puducherry. The French Quarter, the food, the tradition and the French colony are the attractions here. You can find world class beaches here. So, if you love the sun and the water, you can enjoy here to your hearts content.

The beaches are quite and beautiful. Trees are lined up at the beaches. Besides, there are various monuments that you can see, like the churches, the colonial buildings, temples built during the ancient times, botanical gardens, museums and many more. The attraction here for foreign and Indian tourists is the Aurobindo Ashram built in 1926. It is an educational center and holds a place of respect as well. More Detail...


Last Updated on : November 20, 2014