The Sikkim government follows the general pattern of the state governments of India. That is, it has a unicameral legislature, and an executive formed of a council of ministers headed by the chief ministers. The members to the state legislative are elected through the process of assembly elections. The present political structure of the government in Sikkim came about in 1975, when it became a part of the Indian democracy, shedding its monarchal roots.
The Sikkim chief minister is at the helm of the executive council of the state. He guides the functions of the council of ministers, who look after various departments of the state's governance. Pawan Chamling, the present Sikkim chief minister, is not only young and dynamic but is also loved for his extra-political and strong cultural profile. He is considered to be largely responsible for his party, the Sikkim Democratic Front's resounding success in the assembly elections of 2004.
Political Profile of Pawan Chamling
Pawan Chamling, the present chief minister in Sikkim, started his political career at a young age in 1973 and soon rose to be the vice-president of the district Youth Congress for South Sikkim, his native district. In 1978-84, be became the general secretary and the vice-president to the Sikkim Prajatantra Congress. His first office as a representative of the people was to be elected in Panchayat as a president in 1982. Three years later he was elected to the Sikkim legislative assembly. Pawan Chamling joined the cabinet in 1989, when he became a minister for industries, information and public relations. In 1994, he became the chief minister of Sikkim for the first time, continuing in the same position after the stupendous win for SDF in the 1999, 2004, and 2009 elections.
Pawan Chamling, present chief minister at Sikkim, is a noted poet and is loved by one and all for his literary prowess. Having been the founder of the Nirman Prakashani, he also became the editor of a magazine released by the publishing house, Nirman. Chamling, the present Sikkim chief minister, has penned many books of poetry and essays. He has received many prestigious awards from all over the country for his unique contribution to politics and poetry.
Sikkim Legislative Assembly
Sikkim legislative assembly is the most important part of the legislature of Sikkim. The legislative assembly of Sikkim is comprised of a total of 32 members. They are chosen from same number of assembly constituencies distributed around the four districts of the state. The speaker is the most important person of the legislative assembly in Sikkim. He is responsible for a smooth running of the assembly. Karma Tempo Namgyal Gyaltsen is the speaker of the Sikkim legislative assembly. He is assisted in his job by the deputy speaker Man Bahadur Dahal. The chief minister is the leader of the house. He leads the ruling party in the various discussions and debates in the house. Dr. Pawan Chamling is the leader of the Sikkim legislative assembly.
Members of Sikkim Legislative Assembly
A list of some of the key members of the legislative assembly at Sikkim along with their respective constituencies is provided below:
|Name of the MLA||Constituency|
|Deepak Kr. Gurung||Dentam|
|Narendra K. Subba||HeeBermiok|
|Ran Bahadur Subba||Deramdin|
|Girish Chandra Rai||Melli|
|Ms. Manita Manger||Losing Pachekhani|
|Sonam Gyatso Lepcha||Dzongu|
|Thinley Tshering Bhutia||Kabi Tintek|
|Norjang Lepcha||Rakdong Tintek|
|Kunga Zangpo Bhutia||Assam Ligzey|
|Ms. Nimthit Lepcha||Ranka|
Sikkim Government Executive
The executive assembly of Sikkim government is a body of a council of ministers. Pawan Chamling is the present chief minister of the government in Sikkim. He is at the helm of the council of ministries of Sikkim. Present council of ministers in Sikkim consists of 11 cabinet ministers. They are vested with the responsibility to look after the various departments of the governance of the state. There are over 30 government departments in Sikkim. The Sikkim High Court is the highest judicial body in the state.
Political parties in Sikkim participate whole-heartedly in the assembly and the parliamentary elections of the state. There are both national level and state level political parties in Sikkim, although current position of the state shows a clear preference for the regional parties over the national level parties.
National Political Parties in the State
Sikkim politics started to follow the democratic system laid down by the Indian constitution after the abolition of the monarchy in 1975, following the common will of the inhabitants. Many major political parties participate in the politics of Sikkim. Although, it has been often observed that individuals more than parties, dominate Sikkim politics, yet the political parties try to maintain a strong organizational infrastructure.
The Framework of Sikkim Politics
The legislature of the Sikkim government has 32 assembly seats. One seat is reserved for the Sangha, the Buddhist representative - continuing with the tradition of the strong presence of the Buddhist theologians in Sikkim politics, right from the early days. The other 31 assembly constituencies are spread over the four districts of the state, form the very backbone of Sikkim politics.
However, the situation has changed in the recent times. The political parties are moving towards strengthening their organizational strength. The dominance of the state level and regional political parties is also a notable feature of Sikkim politics. In the early days of the democracy in the state of Sikkim, the national level political parties started to make their presence felt more strongly in this picturesque Himalayan state. The Indian National Congress had the greatest influence of all other national political parties at Sikkim in that time, as it is now. The other national level political parties did not share the wide popularity that INC enjoyed. However, many of them have become proactive to increase their influence in this region.
State and Regional Political Parties of Sikkim
The state level political parties of Sikkim enjoy great popularity in the state. In fact, Sikkim is one of those few states where the state political parties enjoy popularity and power that is much higher than the high profile national political parties. There are many state and regional political parties in Sikkim. The history of the Sikkim political parties features a number of switches of loyalties, cessations and merges. Not all of them managed to have equal significance in the state's political scenario. However, Sikkim Democratic Party (SDF) enjoys great popularity in the state and continues to be the ruling party of the state for the last two assembly elections.
Sikkim Information Commission
Sikkim state commissions are specially formed by the government of Sikkim in order to oversee the functions of the various aspects of the governance of the state. The state commissions in Sikkim are set up from time to time, in order to satisfy the immediate needs as a given situation dictates, it can also be a permanent affair devoted to key issues like recruitment, investigation, research and development, etc. There are many commissions set up by the state government. The Sikkim state commission for women is one such key commission of the Sikkim state commissions, as is the State Information Commission of Sikkim.
Sikkim Commission for Women
The Sikkim State commission for women is a regional branch of the national commission for women as controlled and laid down by the center. The commission is primarily a human rights protection body, devoted towards protecting the social and individual rights of the women and children. The contact details of this extremely important branch of the state commissions are as follows:
Sikkim State Commission for Women
Old Secretariat Sikkim, Gangtok
The chairperson of the commission is Smt. Chumki Saring
Mobile No: 9932932331
Sikkim Information Commission
The Sikkim information commission is an extremely important wing of the state government. As a state correlative to the Central Information Commission of the Government of India, this particular wing of the Sikkim state commissions is devoted towards providing all necessary information through the various media sources to the receivers. The Sikkim Information Commissioners is at the helm of the activities of this commission and is directly answerable to the governor of the state. It usually involves the services of a cabinet minister appointed under the recommendation of the chief minister and the leader of the opposition.
The following details can be used to contact Sikkim Information Commission:
Chief Information Commissioner
Sikkim Information Commission
Gangtok - 737 101
State constituencies of Sikkim
State constituencies of Sikkim are the very backbone of the democratic governance of the state. Ever since Sikkim became a part of the Indian democracy in 2005, the various state constituencies of Sikkim have been ascertained and thereafter been fiercely fought by both national and state level parties. The politics of Sikkim have seen a prominent presence of the state and regional parties, much more than is generally found in other parts of India. 32 assembly constituencies and one parliamentary constituency form the Sikkim state constituencies.
Assembly Constituencies of Sikkim
There are 32 assembly constituencies in Sikkim. These state constituencies at Sikkim elect candidates for the unicameral legislative council of the state. The elections in the assembly constituencies are some of the most fiercely fought polls in Sikkim. These state constituencies in Sikkim are divided into general, SC and BL seats, reserved for candidates belonging to the above categories.
A list of the assembly constituencies of Sikkim along with their respective categories are provided below:
|Name of the State Constituency||Category|
|Rateypani West Pendam||SC|
|Central Pendam East Pendam||General|
Parliamentary Constituency in Sikkim
Sikkim has only one parliamentary constituency, which is one of the most prestigious of the Sikkim state constituencies. The Sikkim parliamentary constituency sends a representative from the state to Lok Sabha of the Indian legislature. Therefore, election here is very fiercely fought by the various national and state level parties of the state. Even this constituency among the Sikkim state constituencies, has seen a dominance of the state level parties, with Sikkim Democratic Front winning it for the last four times.
Sikkim Council of Ministers
Sikkim Council of Ministers is chosen from within the members of the ruling party and is part of the state legislative assembly. The council of ministers in Sikkim is responsible for looking after the betterment of the state through a smooth functioning of the various departments that are central to the state's governance.Sikkim council of ministers is comprised of 12 cabinet ministers other than the chief minister of the state. The members of the council of ministers of Sikkim are helped in the disposal of their responsibilities by a group of committed bureaucrats. A list of the council of ministers at Sikkim, along with their respective offices is provided below.
|Dr. Pawan Chamling||Chief Minister||Home Department, Development Planning, Revenue and Expenditure Department, Finance, Economic Reforms & North East Council Affairs Department|
|Dawa Norbu Takarpa||Minister||Health care, Human Services and Family Welfare, Fisheries and Veterinary Services, Animal Husbandry, Livestock and Parliamentary Affairs Departments|
|Narendra Kumar Pradhan||Minister||Human Resource Department, Sports and Youth Affairs and Information Technology Departments.|
|Dil Bahadur Thapa(Mangar)||Minister||Urban Development and Housing, Food ,Civil Supplies and Consumer Affairs Departments|
|Sonam Gyatso Lepcha||Minister||Energy and Power and Cultural Affairs and Heritage Departments|
|Chandra Bahadur Karki||Minister||Rural Management and Development and Cooperation Departments|
|Dawcho Lepcha||Minister||Food Security and Agriculture Development and Horticulture & Cash Crop Development and Irrigation and Flood Control Departments|
|Neeru Sewa||Minister||Commerce and Industries, Information and Public Relations, Printing and Stationary and Excise (Abkari) Department|
|Ram Bahadur Subba||Minister||Roads and Bridges and Labour Departments.|
|Bhim Prasad Dhungel||Minister||Tourism, Forest Environment and Wildlife Management, Mines, Minerals and Geology and Science and Technology Departments|
|Thenlay Tshering Bhutia||Minister||Transport, Water Security and Public Health Engineering|
|Smt. Tilu Gurung||Minister||Buildings and Housing Department|
Speaker and Deputy Speaker
The deputy speaker of Sikkim legislative assembly assists the honorable speaker to conduct the proceedings of the house. It is an extremely prestigious post and is generally handed over to political personnel with immense experience and high political acumen. A kind of general and widespread acceptability also plays an important role in the appointment of the deputy speaker. Man Bahadur Dahal is the present deputy speaker in Sikkim legislative assembly.
Present Governor of Sikkim is Shriniwas Patil.
Shriniwas Patil was nominated as the existing Sikkim Governor on July, 2013 and is continuing in the same position till date. He succeeded Balmiki Prasad Singh.
Shriniwas Patil was born to Dadasaheb Ramchandra Patil and Smt Anusaya Dadasaheb Patil on 11 April 1941 at Marul Haveli, Tehsil Patan, District Satara.
He got married to Rajanidevi Patil on 13 May 1968. He has a son named Sarang Shriniwas Patil.
He completed his Matriculation at Shivaji High School, Karad, Satara district in 1957. In 1961, he graduated in B.A.(Honours) from Sir Parshurambhau College, Pune. He has done M.A. (Economics) from University of Poona, Pune in 1963. He completed his L.L.B from Government Law College, Bombay in 1965.
Civil Services Career
- 1965: Selected as Deputy Collector through M.P.S.C.
- 1965-1967: Sub Divisional Officer, Karveer, Dist. Kolhapur.
- 1967-1969: Sub Divisional Officer, Hinganghat, Dist. Wardha.
- 1969-1971: Sub Divisional Officer, Sangamner, Dist. Ahmednagar.
- 1971-1973: Managing Director, Sangamner Cooperative Sugar Factory (On special deputation by Govt. of Maharashtra)
- 1973-1975: Sub Divisional Officer, Sangamner, Dist. Ahmednagar.
- 1975-1977: Sr. Personnel Manager, Hindustan Antibiotics Ltd., Govt. of India Undertaking. (On special deputation by Govt. of Maharashtra)
- 1977-1978: Chief Executive Officer, Pimpri Chinchwad Municipality.
- 1978-1985: Dy. C.E.O., Maharashtra Industrial Development Corporation.
- 1979: Promoted to Indian Administrative Services (I.A.S.)
- 1983-1985: Additional charge as Deputy Secretary Industries, Energy & Labour, Special Officer Raigad.
- 1985-1987: Director of Sugar, Maharashtra State.
- 1987-1988: Collector & District Magistrate, Beed.
- 1988-1992: Collector & District Magistrate, Pune.
- 1992-1995: Commissioner, Pimpri Chinchwad Municipal Corporation and Chairman, Pimpri Chinchwad New Township Development Authority
- 1995-1995: Additional Commissioner, Nagpur.
- 1995-1996: Additional Commissioner, Tribal Development, Nashik.
- 1996-1999: Chairman, Nagpur Improvement Trust
- 30 June 1999: Secured Voluntary retirement from Indian Administrative Services
|Total Tenure||Positions Held|
|1957-1964||Active member of Indian National Youth Congress|
|June 1999||Joined Nationalist Congress Party|
|Oct 1999||Contested and won Lok Sabha elect|
|ions from Karad|
|1999-2004||Served first term as Member of Parliament-Lok Sabha|
|May 2004||Contested and won Lok Sabha elections from Karad for the|
|second successive term with 2nd highest margin from the|
|state of Maharashtra|
|2004-2009||Served second term as Member of Parliament - Lok Sabha|
|April 2011||Serving as Vice-President (Planning & Development),|
|Nationalist Congress Party, Maharashtra|
He has served as a member of Indian Delegation to United Nations 2004, Panel of Speakers, Lok Sabha, Committee on Home Affairs, Committee on Human Resource Development, Committee on Petitions, Committee on MP- LAD Scheme, Joint Committee on Patents, Consultative Committee, Ministry of Information Technology, Committee on Science & Technology Environment & Forests, Rules Committee, Committee on Personnel, Public Grievances, Law & Justice, Standing Committee on Defence, Privileges Committee, Parliamentary Committee on Public Undertaking, Consultative Committee on Women & Child Development, Committee on Finance and General Purpose Committee.
The present residential address of Shriniwas Patil is:
203 Shaniwar Peth,
Karad, District Satara,
Sikkim High Court
Sikkim High Court is the apex body of the judicial system of Sikkim. It was established in 1975 and is presently one of the smallest high courts in the country, with only three sanctioned judges. Previously a national court, the High Court of Sikkim was granted state high court status in 1975. Sikkim High Court is located in the city of Gangtok.
Last Updated on : January 24, 2014