Buland Darwaza

  • Urdu Writings On Buland Darwaza
  • Buland Darwaza
  • Closer look of Buland Darwaza
  • Designs on Buland Darwaza
  • Horse shoes on the gate of Buland Darwaza

Buland Darwaza is a mammoth monument that was built during the times of the Mughal Emperor Akbar. It is a massive gate and is also known to be the highest gate in the world. It is one of the finest examples of Mughal architecture that combines the magnificence of red and also buff sandstone. The Buland Darwaza functions as the main entrance to the mosque and till today stands as a testimony to the victorious rule of Akbar. Many people also call it the 'Gate of Magnificence'.


In the year 1573, the Emperor Akbar built this huge monument to commemorate his victory over Khandesh (or Gujarat, as it is now known). It was built by Muhammad of Ghazani. It took almost 12 years to complete the structure. Fatehpur Sikri was an important place during the time of Akbar, and Agra was the capital.

Fatehpur Sikri has many other important monuments, but this one towers above all. The structure is the most beautiful one that has been built with great dedication and passion.


Buland Darwaza is located in the town of Fatehpur Sikri in Agra in the state of Uttar Pradesh, India. The beautiful city of Agra that has the world famous Taj Mahal is only 43 km from Fatehpur Sikri.


The name Buland Darwaza comes from the Persian language, which means "mighty gate". The monument is an imposing construction and stands almost 43 feet tall on a majestic pedestal and is 54 feet above the ground. One has to climb 42 steps in order to reach the gate.

The architecture has a great influence of Persian and Hindu styles. There are inscriptions from the Holy Quran that can be seen on the pillars at the front. The calligraphy is quite unique and was a favourite motif of the Mughal Emperors. The gateway has one famous inscription that says, 'The work is a bridge, just pass over but, never build houses'. The whole structure comprises two aspects, one is the frontal, the main aspect, having the portal look, and the posterior one, that comprises a much plainer portion that is in the mosque courtyard. There are three planes on the central face, and smaller ones on each side.

The monument is made of red sandstone, white and black marble, and is semi-octagonal in design. It has pillars along with chhatri on the top.

Best time to visit

The best to visit the site is during the winter season, that is from November to March. The summers are very hot, with the heat hovering around intolerable levels. The Buland Darwaza opens from 8 a.m.in the morning to 7 p.m. in the evening. The place is open on all days. The entry fee is Rs. 10 for Indians and the citizens of the SAARC nations, and Rs. 750 for foreign tourists. The ticket also includes entry to Fatehpur Sikri.

Last Updated on : January 16, 2014