Kottayam Geography

What is included in Kottayam Geography?

Apart from the geographical location of this city cum district, the geography of Kottayam comprises of area-wise divisions of the place, its rivers, climate, soil, topography, crops etc.

Location of Kottayam

The city of the south central region of the state of Kerala in India is located geographically at 9° 35' N and 76° 31' E. This city cum district shares its borders with the Ernakulam district towards the north, the Idukki district towards the east, the Pathanamthitta district towards the south and the Alappuzha district towards the west.

Area of Kottayam city

This city of Kerala, spreading over a total area of 2, 208 sq. kms, is the 7th biggest city of the state.

Which villages and towns this district is divided into?

The entire area of the district of Kottayam is divided into the following villages and towns:

  • Amparanirappel
  • Anchery
  • Athirampuzha
  • Arpookara
  • Ayamkudy
  • Aymanam
  • Ammayanoor
  • Ayarkunnam
  • Cheruvally
  • Chungam
  • Changanassery
  • Chingavanam
  • Cherpunkal
  • Chengalam
  • Ettumanoor
  • Edakkunnam
  • Erattupetta
  • Erumely
  • Kaipuzha
  • Kallara
  • Kangazha
  • Kanjirappally
  • Kanjiramattom
  • Karukachal
  • Kodungoor
  • Kanakkary
  • Koottickal
  • Kothanalloor
  • Kudamaloor
  • Kumaranalloor
  • Kumarakom
  • Kurupanthara
  • Kidangoor
  • Kurichithanam
  • Kadappoor
  • Kalikave
  • Kaduthuruthy
  • Kuravilangad
  • Kothala
  • Kadaplamattom
  • Koodalloor
  • Malloossery
  • Mundakkayam
  • Manarkadu
  • Mutholy
  • Marangattupilly
  • Muttuchira
  • Neendoor
  • Neericadu
  • Padinjattinkara
  • Pallickathode
  • Palai
  • Palayam
  • Pampady
  • Parathodu
  • Poovarany
  • Ponkunnam
  • Poonjar
  • Puthuppally
  • Parampuzha
  • Puthuvely
  • Peruva
  • Palackattumala
  • Thalayolaparambu
  • Thekkumthala
  • Thiruvanchoor
  • Uzhavoor
  • Vaikom
  • Vakathanam

Rivers flow through Kottayam

The town of Kottayam being located on the Meenachil River basin, this river forms the main river of the district. The Meenachil River is 78 kms long with 1, 272 sq. kms. catchment area. However, the district even shares its location with the Vembanad backwaters' basin that is created out of the various streams flowing through the Idukki district in the Western Ghats. Forming out of those streams, the river flows through this district of Kottayam to join the Vembanad Lake. The strength of this river is increased by the river Poonjar at Erattupetta. On its course, this river is even joined by the Payapparathodu River near Lalam and the river Chittar at Kondur.

The Manimala River and the Muvattupuzha River are 2 of the other important rivers flowing through the district. Following through the Changanassery and Kanjirappally Taluks, the river Manimala reaches the Alappuzha district. The Chittar River joins it in between. Originating from the Idukki district, the river Muvattupuzha drains into the Lake Vembanad.

Varied physical features of the Kottayam

Located at an average height of 9 feet (3 metres) above the sea level, the Kottayam district is said to be a midland region. Though most the region is midland, still the place is even featured with high and lowlands. Thus, this district is a combination of both mountainous terrain and low lying regions that are close to the level of the sea. Let us have a quick look at the following broad topographical divisions of the district:
  • The Kanjirappally and the Meenachil Taluks: Highland
  • The Changanassery, the Kottayam and the Vaikom Taluks: Mid and lowland
Apart from the hills and hillocks, the Kottayam district is featured with lush agricultural fields and backwater stretches.

Type of weather experienced by Kottayam

The tropical type of climate in Kottayam, which is quite pleasant and moderate, does not provide any distinctive seasons to the inhabitants. Being a part of the equatorial region, this place has got a little variation of seasonal temperature. Characterized with high to moderate humidity levels, the average annual temperature in this district of Kerala ranges from 20° C to 35° C. During the months of March, April and May that are the warmer months in this district, the pre-monsoon rainfall featured with lightening and thunder takes place. The period in between June and September is marked as the monsoon season in Kottayam, when the district receives the heaviest precipitation brought by the south western monsoon. However, the amount of rainfall decreases during the months of October, November and December. That light rainfall is brought by the north western monsoon. On an average, the district receives an annual rainfall of around 3, 600 mm. Winter season in Kottayam mainly stretches from December to February.

Which type of soil is found in Kottayam?

The major type of soil prevalent in the area is alluvial. This type of soil is mostly found in the Vaikom Taluk as well as in some parts of the Kottayam and Changanassery Taluks. Laterite soil is found in the Meenachil and the Kanjirappally Taluks though.

Different agricultural products of Kottayam

Based on the district's location, different types of crops cultivated there include cash crops as well as food crops. Rice forms the main cultivated food crop of the place's low lying regions. However, rubber, being one of the most lucrative crops, occupies the major part of the agricultural production. Owing to the climate and other suitable conditions, rubber plantation is done at such a massive level that Kottayam has got a significant contribution to India's overall production of rubber. Besides these, some of the other cultivated crops of the district are as follows:
  • Coconut
  • Pepper
  • Tapioca
  • Vegetables

Last Updated on 09/05/2013