Skill India Programme – Objectives, Features & Advantages

Modi's Skill India

Since the time the Bhartiya Janta Party has come into power in 2014, it has been launching various schemes and programmes for the development and betterment of the residents of India. After its ‘Digital India’ and ‘Make in India’ campaign, the ruling government launched the Skill India Programme on July 15, 2015. This programme is also known as the National Skills Development Mission of India. It was launched by the Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship and is managed by the National Skills Development Corporation of India.

According to the Skill India portal, currently, more than 1.2 crores individuals are enrolled under Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana, 1.14 cores have already been trained, 93 lakh have been certified and around 21 lakh have been placed at various places. A programme that was launched with an objective to provide skill development has shown results in seven years since its launch.

Now let’s have a look at the objectives, features, and advantages of the Skill India Programme:

Objectives of ‘Skill India’

The main goal of this programme was to create opportunities, space, and scope for the development of the talents of the Indian youth and to develop more of those sectors which have already been put under skill development for the last so many years, and also to identify new sectors for skill development. This programme was aimed at providing training and skill development to 500 million youth of our country by 2020, covering each and every village. To support this campaign various other initiatives were launched. Some of them were

  • National Skill Development Mission
  • National Policy for Skill Development and Entrepreneurship
  • Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana
  • Skill Loan Scheme
  • Rural India Skill

Features of  ‘Skill India ‘

  • The emphasis is to skill the youths in such a way so that they get employment and also improve entrepreneurship.
  • Provides training, support and guidance for all occupations that were of traditional type like carpenters, cobblers, welders, blacksmiths, masons, nurses, tailors, weavers etc.
  • More emphasis will be given on new areas like real estate, construction, transportation, textile, gem industry, jewellery designing, banking, tourism and various other sectors, where skill development is inadequate or nil.
  • The training programmes would be on the lines of international level so that the youths of our country can not only meet the domestic demands but also of other countries like the US, Japan, China, Germany, Russia, and those in West Asia.
  • Another remarkable feature of the ‘Skill India’ programme would be to create a hallmark called ‘Rural India Skill’, so as to standardise and certify the training process.
  • Tailor-made, need-based programmes would be initiated for specific age groups which can be like language and communication skills, life and positive thinking skills, personality development skills, management skills, behavioural skills, including job and employability skills.
  • The course methodology of ‘Skill India’ would be innovative, which would include games, group discussions, brainstorming sessions, practical experiences, case studies, etc.

How is it different from the previous skill development policies?

It’s not that we do not have any skill development programme already. The Government of India has always considered skill development a national priority. It is just that since the ministry was new, the approach taken for skill development was also new. Earlier, the emphasis was only on traditional jobs. But this time, all kinds of jobs are given equal emphasis. Earlier, the responsibility was divided among various ministries, but this time, these are being clubbed together. The ministry of skill development and entrepreneurship will be the principal ministry that is going to coordinate with other ministries and organisations.

According to NaMo, Skill India won’t be just a programme but a movement. Here, youth who are jobless, college and school dropouts, along with the educated ones, from rural and urban areas, all of them will be given value addition. The new ministry will be the certifying agency. Certificates will be issued to those who complete a particular skill or programme. This certificate has to be recognized by all public and private agencies and entities, including overseas organisations. Skill India is a programme for the entire nation.

Advantages of Skill India

The Skill India programme was launched with the idea to raise confidence, improve productivity and give direction through proper skill development. Skill development will enable the youths to get blue-collar jobs. Development of skills, at a young age, right at the school level, is very essential to channelise them for proper job opportunities. There should be a balanced growth in all the sectors and all jobs should be given equal importance. Every job aspirant would be given training in soft skills to lead a proper and decent life. Skill development would reach the rural and remote areas also. Corporate educational institutions, non-government organizations, Government, academic institutions, and society would help in the development of skills of the youths so that better results are achieved in the shortest time possible.

To sum up

Skill India has proved to be a good initiative – providing skills to people, especially because India is one of the few countries all across the world whose working age population will be very high, few years down the line, going by its ever-increasing growth of population, as per the World Bank.

It is also high time now that measures are taken to improve the physical and mental development of the youths of the country so that none of them remains unemployed and the country’s unemployment problem also gets reduced. It is time to open up avenues by which the youth accepts responsibility and no one remains idle because an idle youth is a liability to the economy. The economy should concentrate on job creation and social security schemes. With this new approach towards skill development, India can definitely move forward towards its targeted results.

List of standardized courses of skill India programme

List of Entrepreneurship Development Programmes (EDPs)

  • CRR Scheme for CPSUs
  • EDP
  • Women EDP
  • Women Empowerment through Gender Equity

Entrepreneurship cum Skill Development Programmes & Training of Trainers Programmes (ESDPs)

  • AC Refrigerator & Water Cooler Repair
  • Agricultural Water Lifting Equipment – Maintenance & Repair
  • Bakery Products
  • Biotechnology
  • Blacksmithy
  • Calibrations of instruments
  • Carpentry
  • Catering
  • CNC Lathe Wire cut Milling
  • Compressor Repair
  • Computer Accounting with Tally
  • Cosmetology and Beautician
  • Cyber café
  • Dairy based ESDP
  • Designing and Manufacturing of Artificial Jewellery
  • Die Fitter
  • Draughtsmanship training
  • DTP
  • Electrical gadget repair
  • Electronic Assembly
  • Electroplating
  • Fashion Designing
  • Hosiery & Woollen Garments
  • Essential Oil and Perfumery Products
  • Food Processing
  • Footwear Designing
  • Forging and Casting
  • Gaming with flash
  • Glass Cutting & Polishing
  • Heat Treatment
  • Leather Products
  • Lens Grinding
  • Machining
  • Microprocessor Application & Programming
  • Microsoft Certified Software Engineering
  • Mobile Repairing
  • Motor & Transformer Rewinding
  • Motor Winding & Pumpset Repair
  • Mouldings & Pattern Making
  • Multimedia
  • Mushroom Cultivation
  • PCB Design
  • Photography and Photoshop
  • PLC Programming
  • Plumbing and Sanitary Fittings
  • Retail Management
  • Screen Printing and Hand Painting on Glass
  • Soap and Detergents
  • Sports Goods
  • Steel Fabrication
  • T.V Repairing
  • Testing of Chemicals
  • Tool and Die Making
  • Tour Operators
  • Two Wheeler Maintenance & Repair
  • Wax Candle and Chalk Crayons
  • Wireman Training
  • 2D
  • 3D
  • Adobe
  • Advance JAVA
  • Autodesk Combustion
  • CC++ and OOPs
  • Computer Hardware and Networking
  • Core JAVA
  • Digital Photography & Videography
  • Electronic Mechanic
  • Engineering Drawing with CAD
  • Finishing & Packing Supervisor
  • Fitter Fabrication
  • Fitter Maintenance General
  • Housekeeping & Hospitality
  • Interior Design
  • Landscape Design
  • Linux Administration
  • MCP and CCNA
  • Medical Transcription
  • MS Office and Internet
  • Multimedia and Animation
  • Net Programming
  • O Level (DOEACC)
  • OOPs through JAVA
  • Programming & Operation for Computerised Numerically Controlled Machines
  • Receptionist
  • Routing Technology CCNA
  • Security Guard
  • SQL Server Database Administration
  • TIG/MIG Welding
  • Visual Effects
  • Web Designing
  • Basic Hydraulics
  • Basic Pneumatics
  • CAD with Pro Enginners
  • Dot Net Technology
  • Graphics Design
  • IT Tools and Applications
  • Maintenance Fitter
  • Material Testing
  • PC Maintenance
  • Sheet Metal Worker
  • Welder
  • Auto Body Painting
  • Diesel Fuel Injection Technician
  • Maintenance Battery
  • Repair and Maintenance of PA and Audio
  • Repair and Maintenance of Power supply, Inverter and UPS
  • Repair and Maintenance of Washing Machine and Microwave Oven
  • Repairing of Auto Air Conditioning
  • Repair and Maintenance of Intercom System


  • Technology Infusion cum Skill Development Programme
  • TOT in Entrepreneurship & Skill Development in 2D Animation
  • TOT in ESDP for Fashion Designing
  • Training of Trainers (EDP)
  • Accreditation Programme for EM Trainers


  • Advanced Skill for Effective Office & Change Management
  • Advanced Skills for Effective Executive Secretaries and Change Management
  • Business Advisors’ Training Programme
  • Business Development Plan for Micro & Small Enterprise
  • Capacity Building of Principals of ITIs
  • Carbon Trading
  • Competency Building for Improved Performance
  • Contemporary Human Resource Management Practices
  • Cost Effectiveness in Economic Downturn
  • Delayed Payments to MSEs
  • Executive Development Programme on Achievement Motivation Training
  • Export Procedures, Documentation and Management
  • Extension Motivation Programme for Executives
  • Finance for Non-Finance Executives
  • Financial Statement Analysis
  • IPR Challenges and Prospects for MSMEs
  • IPR for Competitive Advantage
  • ISO 9001:2008 Certification Process – Issues & Challenges
  • Logistics & Supply Chain Management and Retail Management
  • Marketing for Managers
  • MDP on Project Management for Small Business Enterprises in Tribal Areas
  • Modern Office Practice
  • Product Identification & Marketing Strategies
  • Productivity, Quality & Lean Manufacturing
  • Project Appraisal
  • Project Identification and Preparation of Project Profiles
  • Project Preparation Skills for Micro-Enterprises through SHGs
  • Strengthening Self-Help Groups for Urban Development Officials (under SJSRY)

Other Skill India Courses

  • Assessment of SHGs for Promotion of Micro Enterprises
  • Cluster Development
  • Entrepreneurship & Skill Development for Partner Organistions/Agencies
  • Financing & Management of CFCs
  • Lending Strategies for MSMEs
  • Orientation Programme for Officials of Industries & Commerce Department
  • Orientation to Skill & Entrepreneurship Development under SJRY,PMEGP etc.
  • Promotion of Induced Clusters
  • Promotion of Micro-Enterprises
  • Promotion of Service Enterprises
  • Promotion of Viable Enterprises for SHGs
  • Risk Management for SHGs
  • Union Budget and MSMEs

Source of the Skill India courses list :

Read  – Skill India Campaign: A Step Towards Promoting Entrepreneurship

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