Bhopal, the capital city of Madya Pradesh is known as the city of lakes as it has two beautiful artificial lakes of the Upper Lake and the Lower Lake. The Upper Lake and the Lower are divided from each other by an over bridge. They are spread over an area of 6 sq. km of land. The Lower lake of Bhopal is enclosed by human settlements from all sides. The lake is geographically located between the North Latitude 23° 12' 0" and East Longitude 77° 18' 0".
Raja Bhoj formed the Upper Lake in the 11th Century by building an earthen dam over the river Kolans. On the down stream of the dam of Upper lake the lower lake was erected much long after the construction of the Upper Lake.
Pollution is one of the major problems of the Lower Lake. Day by day the quality of water is depleting in the Lower Lake. The eight nallas or drains carry wastes and sewage from the various households in various parts of the city into the lake, thus polluting it. A number of washing bays or laundry houses have come up along the resulting in the pollution of water through soap, caustic soda and detergents etc.
Last Updated on 23 July 2012