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Rural education in India

March 15, 2013

Majority of India still lives in villages and so the topic of rural education in India is of utmost importance. A survey named called the Annual Status of Education Report (ASER), shows that even though the number of rural students attending schools is rising, but more than half of the students in fifth grade are unable to read a second grade text book and are not able to solve simple  mathematical problems. Not only this, the level of maths and reading is further declining. Though efforts are being made, they are not in the right direction. The reason cited for this problem in surveys is the increasing number of single classroom to educate students from more than one grade. In some states attendance of teachers and students is also declining. These are a few reasons why schools have failed to educate rural India.

Quality and access to education is the major concern in rural schools as there are fewer committed teachers, lack of proper text books and learning material in the schools. Though Government schools exist, but when compared to private schools then quality is a major issue. Majority of people living in villages have understood the importance of education and know that it is the only way to get rid of poverty. But due to lack of money they are not able to send their children to private schools and hence depend upon government schools for education. Above that, in some of the government schools there is only one teacher for the entire school and if they don’t show up at work, then it is a holiday. If the quality along with number of teachers and, that too committed teachers can be improved in these schools, then aspiring rural children and India can fulfill their dreams of doing something great.

Some government schools in rural India are overly packed with students, leading to a distorted teacher- student ratio. In one such remote village in Arunachal Pradesh there are more than 300 students in class X which makes nearly 100 students in each classroom. In such a situation it is impossible for teachers to pay full attention towards each and every student, even if they are willing to help.

Every village is not provided with school which means that students have to go to another village to get education. Owing to this parents usually do not send their daughters to school, leading to a failure in achieving rural education in India.

Poverty is another setback. Government schools are not as good and private schools are expensive. This results in a very low number of students actually clearing their secondary education and taking admission in a colleges for further studies. So the drop-out-rate at the secondary level is extremely high in villages. Only parents who can afford college education send their kids to secondary schools. If parents are not able to send their wards for higher education then all their previous efforts get wasted as completing just secondary education means a low paying job and the person is again struck in the same never ending cycle of money, life and poverty.

Most textbooks are in English and since people in rural areas either speak their native language or Hindi, but not English that defeats the purpose. This results in lack of their interest in studies. Though some of the students from villages are really brilliant, as they have a wealth of practical knowledge and know how to survive even in very harsh conditions of life, difficultly in understanding their textbooks, lack of facilities and their poverty are a hurdle in their education.

Quality related issues are far powerful than poverty. Students are not at all encouraged to think but they are asked to memorize pre-defined questions for exams. So for many students clearing examination at the end of  the session, passing their exam becomes more important than gaining knowledge. Also as per the new CBSE rule, every student is supposed to be promoted to the next class irrespective of marks in their examination. Hence majority of students do not bother to study, which means a decline in their education level . Neither students nor teachers take any interest in studies which is why the level of education is declining in India despite many efforts.

The foundation to turn India into a strong nation has to be laid down at primary and rural levels and so the quality of education right from the beginning should be excellent. Education and text books should be made interesting. For rural students textbooks related to their culture, their traditions and values should also be there so as to create their interest in studies.The reasons behind so many drop-outs in spite of free education should be found out as this is a hurdle on the road to progress. Improvement in the condition of government schools, education quality, committed teachers and more salaries to these teachers should be part of development.

There is a difference between city and village student not in terms of brain or development but their initial environment, skills, learning ability, availability of infrastructure, and access to different facilities. All of these must be considered while making the curricula which should not be different but how it is going to be taught would make the difference. Encourage the genuine rural students who are interested in education and make them competent. There are many examples of success in rural education in India like the Barefoot college, 8 Day Academy and Gurukul School in Bihar. These are innovative and successful examples of schools running in rural India. It is the time to replicate such efforts as our country and its rural population is very vast which means one of two stories of these kinds won’t make any difference. Instead of this large number of such schools are required in rural India. It is also absolutely mandatory to evaluate the success of the schools and students at each and every level. Timely assessment will throw light on present problems and achievements. Let us try to build a solution around these problems which will resolve the overall issues of rural education in India.

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I am a mother. A wife. And daughter of my loving parents by heart with passion for creativity, zeal to achieve something big in life but want to live life to its fullest.

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Showing 14 Comments :
mannmohan singh raghuwanshi October 18, 2014 at 11:35 am

Education and text books should be made interesting. For rural students textbooks related to their culture, their traditions and values should also be there so as to create their interest in studies.The reasons behind so many drop-outs in spite of free education should be found out as this is a hurdle on the road to progress. Improvement in the condition of government schools, education quality, committed teachers and more salaries to these teachers should be part of development

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I want to improve the existing system with the education that i have achieved. ..lets make it z chain n a challenge in india through social network so that educated youth can be mobilised to take up a challenge of educating rural india

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The declination in quality of education is nt seen only in rural areas bt olso in da reputed gvt skuls of cities
As tday the education dat is srvd z nt hvng da capabilities to make majority of childrn to b a real eductd persn
The systm made by our gvt i.e to pass each child so dat literacy rate increase bt wat the hel v’l do wid dat increased rate untl v r nt hvng quality education in the place of no. Of so called educatd youth

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R.S.Varahala Dora January 25, 2014 at 5:11 pm

I Like This article I think you refereed so-money Books & Journals and I think you have good filed experience. Any how you gave good article for our society.

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lida mary marngar November 25, 2013 at 6:37 pm

it was amazing articles it had help people like us, who deal with rural people. thanks continue to do good work

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Dear Ramandeep Kaur, Indeed it was a good article that covers the urgent need for uplifting the educational system in the villages. I also noted in the article that poverty that which plays a major role in taking away village children from going to school is true and correct. The family and children feel the importance of living each day, rather than getting a white color job which is a distant reality for them. But let us also know one educated youth can change the entire family fortune and thereby the society. There fore all efforts should be taken by the governments, NGOs and Communities at large, for the difference to be created among the rural India.

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I am working with an education company. Our aim is to provide access to high grade educational resources for free of cost to children who have little or no access to quality education, that is the kids who are in rural India. Can anyone help me..how can i reach to them and let them know that we have educational material which teachers can use to teach kids and learn them to learn better.

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    Hi Madhuri,

    What are the study materials that you have?
    I am planning to physically reach schools in rural area of Maharashtra.
    Please let me know.

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Hi Atul. Thanks for commenting. Would you please share some insights on the education level of children in rural India?

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I have worked for ASER. It is Annual Status of Education Report which shows the educational level of children of rural villages of all India.

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vivek shiwach April 4, 2013 at 7:20 pm

Really good article. Friends i also got my education living in my village in UP, though now i am working as a gazetted officer in govt of india but to get education and to be able to compete with students from big cities is still nearly impossible for the students of my village and of all other nearby villages. Friends, its my burning desire to help the students of my village and so i planned that i will teach them online using skype, but now problem is that there is no internet service in my village ( only 2g available, not sufficeint for video chat) . please friends guide me what alternate medium or alternate internet option i can opt for live teaching. i ll be very thankfull to you.
with regards
vivek

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Ramandeep Kaur March 19, 2013 at 4:31 pm

Thanks for liking the article. Rural education is a very important aspect of our development which can be achieved by combined efforts of govt and community. Educated people who are interested in imparting education in rural sector must lend helping hands to NGOs or schemes which are especially running for this purpose. Also govt should definitely work towards the improvement of quality related to education as well as infrastructure in rural schools of India.

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very good article. products like sundaram eclass should be used to educate rural india. so that, education is provided at economical cost with less infrastructure.

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Excellent views. Villages is where the real India lives. Unless and until the villages improve India will never grow. I think it is high time, the Govt. does something for our villages.

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