Bihar Area


The state of Bihar covers an area of 93.60 lakh hectares and extends between the latitudes of 24° 20' 10" N and 27° 31' 15" N and the longitudes of 83° 19' 15" E and 88° 17' 40"E. The area covered by the state is enclosed in the north by Nepal, in the east by West Bengal, in the west by Uttar Pradesh and in the south by Jharkhand. The state lies between 35 to 85 meters above sea level.

The state consists of two prominent zones, North Bihar and South Bihar, demarcated by the river Ganges. The state is categorized into three agro-ecological areas.

The Chotanagpur Plateau and south Bihar Plains extending over the southern part of the state boasts considerable forest resources while the Gangetic Plains which is densely populated and intensively cultivated, has scanty forest resources. By legal status, the reserved forest area comprises 17.28%, protected forest area 82.69% and unclassed forest area a mere 0.03%.

The forest area of Bihar is dominated by the following three types of vegetation:

  • Tropical Moist Deciduous
  • Tropical Dry Deciduous
  • Subtropical Broadleaved Hill Forests
Sal (Shorea robusta) is the major forest species which occupies about 55% of the forest area.

ItemNationalState
Recorded forest area relative to geographical area 23.57%6.87%
Total forest cover relative to geographical area 20.64%5.90%
Tree cover relative to culturable non-forest area 4.56%2.04%
Trees/Hectare of culturable non-forest area12.3013.80

The following information about the forest area of Bihar is pertinent:

DescriptionArea(square km)%
Geographical Area 94,163 100
Forest Area 6,473 6.87
Very Dense Forest 760.08
Dense Forest 2,951 3.13
Open Forest2,531 2.69

The total area of Bihar has been reduced after its bifurcation into Bihar and Jharkhand.



Last Updated on 14 June 2013



     


     

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