Kerala Government and Politics



The Indian Republic is a parliamentary democracy and a federation. The representatives of the central and state governments are chosen through free and fair polls conducted on the principles of universal suffrage. The state of Kerala is unicameral i.e. has a single house of legislature. The Government of Kerala encompasses the 3 functions of legislature, executive and judiciary. The judiciary is free of the legislature and executive and is made up of a hierarchy of lower courts, tribunals and the High Court at Trivandrum.

The highest official belonging to the judiciary of Kerala is the Chief Justice who administers the oath while swearing in the Governor. Besides the Chief Justice, twenty six permanent and two additional justices or pro tempore judges hold their offices in the High Court. The legislative assembly of the Kerala Government is composed of the people’s representatives, i.e. members who have been elected to the post of MLA. These members come from various political parties. Political parties represent the political ideologies and interests of a section of the citizens. The multi party system ensures that all factions have adequate representation in the legislature. Among these MLA s, the chief of the majority party or majority coalition is invited by the Governor, the de jure head of the state to form an executive council. This means that the executive powers of the state are vested in the Governor by the President of the nation. However the de facto head of the state is the Chief Minister, meaning that these executive functions though carried out in the name of the Governor are in fact carried out by the Chief Minister and his Council of Ministers.

Once the Chief Minister is sworn in, he chooses a Council of Ministers and assigns them various ministries to distribute the administrative functions and thus accomplish increased efficiency. The Governor now appoints these Ministers and they are assigned their individual portfolios. The Executive of the state are answerable to the state legislature in matters of carrying out their executive functions. To meet the ideals of local self governance, panchyats and municipal councils exist and the members to these are chosen through regularly held polls.

Present day Kerala politics is dominated by two major political alliances. The United Democratic Front (UDF - led by the Indian National Congress) is currently the ruling alliance and Left Democratic Front (LDF - led by the CPI(M)) is the Opposition. The Chief Minister, Mr. Oommen Chandy belongs to the Indian National Congress. The Malayalis are an extremely politically conscious race and take part actively in the political happenings of the state.


Last Updated on : September 11, 2014





     


     

Which Indian state is the largest producer of bauxite?The state of Odisha is the largest producer of bauxite in India. India has abundant resources of bauxite and serves as a raw material in the production of aluminium. As per the report of the Ministry of Mines, India stood at the 7th position in… Read More...
Which Indian city is famously known as the "Manchester City of India"?The city of Ahmedabad in the Gujarat state is famously known as the "Manchester City of India". This name was given to this city by a popular textile center in the Manchester of Great Britain, adhering to the striking similarities of Ahmedabad's prospering cotton textile… Read More...
Which Indian state is the largest producer of coffee?Karnataka state is the largest producer of coffee in India. The state contributed about 70% of the total production of coffee in India during 2016-17 with 2.33 lakh MT coffee production. The main variety of coffee grown in Karnataka is Robusta, but the state also… Read More...


EU GDPR Update:
MapsofIndia has updated its Terms and Privacy Policy to give Users more transparency into the data this Website collects, how it is processed and the controls Users have on their personal data. Users are requested to review the revised Privacy Policy before using the website services, as any further use of the website will be considered as User's consent to MapsofIndia Privacy Policy and Terms.
We follow editorialcalls.org for border and boundary demarcations