Maharashtra Railways

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The history if Indian railways is said to have stared in Maharashtra; with the 'Great Indian Penninsular Railway' rolling out its first passenger train from (Boree Bunder) Mumbai to (Tannah) Thane in 1853.

Maharashtra has an extensive network of railways which makes travelling by trains an easy affair. The Indian Railways provides train services throughout most of Maharashtra. Maharashtra has rail routes run by the Central Railways, Western Railways and the Konkan Railways with Mumbai as the headquarters.

The Central Railway links Maharashtra with states in Eastern, Southern and Central India; the Western Railways, connects Maharashtra to North India and the Konkan Railway runs southward towards Mangalore, Goa and Karnataka connecting Mumbai with the coastal belt.

The Central Railways, one of the zones of the Indian Railways, has its headquarters in Mumbai, at the Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus. It provides an important 'Goods Traffic Movement' corridor connecting north to South and Eastern to Western India. Mumbai, Pune, Nagpur, Kolhapur and Solapur are the cities which legally fall under the Central Railways purview. Some of the trains are the Deccan Queen which runs from Pune to Mumbai, the Gitanjali Express, from Mumbai to Kolkata, the Punjab Mail from Mumbai to Ferozpur, and the Pushpak Express Mumbai to Lucknow. The Western Railways zone, headquartered at Churchgate, Mumbai is one of the busiest Railway networks. Also called Bombay, Baroda and Central India Railway (BB&CI), it connects cities of Gujarat, a portion of Rajasthan and some parts of Madhya Pradesh. Western Railway runs a sub-urban section in Mumbai extending train services from Churchgate to Virar. This section is being extended further to cover a larger area. The electric train on this section, first introduced in 1928, runs between Colaba and Andheri. Western Railway holds the distinction for starting an exclusive - Ladies Special Train between Churchgate and Virar.

The Konkan Railway, headquartered at Navi Mumbai, provides the missing link basically between the port cities of Mumbai and Mangalore, connecting Maharashtra to Goa and Karnataka. The Konkan Railway, entirely a work of the skilled Indian engineers, runs through a formidable terrain. With over 2,000 bridges and 91 tunnels cutting through this mountainous terrain containing many rivers, Konkan Railway project, brainchild of veteran parliamentarians hailing from the Konkan region was the biggest and perhaps the most difficult railway engineering project on the Indian subcontinent at the time (1990). Innovations like anti-collision devices, the Sky Bus and RORO are attributed to Konkan Railway. The RORO refers to flatcar trains transporting trucks and vehicles on them. The Deccan Odyssey - A very important addition to the railways in Maharashtra is the Deccan Odyssey, a joint venture between Maharashtra Tourism Development Corporation and the Indian railways. This luxury tourist train which pampers the passengers with all the modern amenities provides a 7 nights/ 8 days royal journey to its passengers. It provides visual treats to the tourists with visits to Nashik (wine capital of India); Kohlapur; Goa; Aurangabad and Jalgaon to the UNESCO sites, Ajanta and Ellora caves and the holy city of Ratnagiri (Sindhudurg). The MTDC also allows the train to be hired during the off - season period. The train starts off from Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus and takes the passengers on a delightful journey.

Other than the long distance trains, Maharashtra also has intra - city network of railways. The Mumbai Suburban Railways is a very important part of a daily passenger's routine. The railway is responsible for carrying 6.1 million passengers every day. This system is run by the Western Railway and the Central Railway.

Mumbai-Ahmedabad high speed rail project - Another feather was recently added to Maharashra's cap when Prime Minister Narendra Modi and his Japanese counterpart Shinzo Abe laid the foundation stone for India's first bullet train project in Ahmedabad on Sept 14, 2017. Maharashtra allotted the Bandra-Kurla Complex Plot for the proposed Bullet Train Station. Of the 12 stations of the bullet train, four stations will fall in Maharashtra.

Last Updated on : February 21, 2023