Schemes Launched by Modi Government in 2018
The Modi Government has been working quite diligently towards the development and growth of the whole country ever since it came into power in 2014. This is the last year of the Modi Government before going for the General Election in 2019, but it has not deviated from its path of making India a prosperous nation. Several new schemes have been launched till now and some of the old schemes have been restructured or extended seeking their progress. From uplifting of the backward states to addressing the issue of malnutrition among women and children, from hindering drug trafficking among the youth to setting up of solar plants in the rural areas, the Modi Government is taking care of all the weak areas of the Indian economy through their schemes and programmes.
Following are the schemes/programmes launched in 2018 by the Modi Government for the benefit of its country’s citizen and the country as a whole.
1. Ayushman Bharat-National Health Protection Mission
Ayushman Bharat Yojana is the scheme of the Central government which focuses on the wellness of the poor families and providing medical benefits to them. The scheme will include the on-going centrally sponsored schemes-Rashtriya Swasthya Bima Yojana (RSBY) and the Senior Citizen Health Insurance Scheme (SCHIS). On the auspicious ocassion of the 72nd Independence Day, our honorable Prime Minister Narendra Modi promulgated to launch Ayushman Bharat Yojana as Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Abhiyan on 25th September, 2018.
This scheme comprises of two components. Firstly, setting up of 1,50,000 health and wellness centers by the government.On 14th April 2018, the government inaugrated its first health and wellness center in Bijapur as an inititive under this scheme. Secondly, the National Health Protection Mission under this scheme aims to provide an insurance cover of Rs. 5 lakh every year to around 10 crore poor families who will undergo cashless treatment at all the government and private empanelled hospitals across the country for the secondary and most tertiary care procedures.
2. Solar Charkha Mission
President Ram Nath Kovind launched Solar Charkha Mission on June 27, 2018, in which the government will be providing a subsidy of Rs. 550 crore to the thousands of artisans and generating employment in the rural areas. The Ministry of Micro Small and Medium Enterprise (MSME) will cover the 50 identified clusters across the country including in the Northeast and in each cluster 400 to 2,000 artisans will be employed. Along with this mission , the government also launched a Sampark portal, a digital platform on which five lakh job seekers can connect with the Ministry of Micro Small and Medium Enterprise (MSME).
3. Transformation of Aspirational Districts Programme
NITI Aayog announced “Transformation of Aspirational Districts” programme which aims to quickly transform and uplift 101 backward districts in India in terms of basic amenities, infrastructure facilities, health facilities, standards of living, etc. The primary areas of focus in this programme are Health & Nutrition, Agriculture & Water Resources, Education, Financial Inclusion & Skill Development, and Basic Infrastructure which would help the Government to decide which district has performed better under this programme.
4. National Nutrition Mission (POSHAN Abhiyan)
National Nutrition Mission was launched as an expansion of Beti Bachao Beti Padhao programme by Prime Minister Narendra Modi at Jhunjhunu in Rajasthan on the occasion of the International Women’s Day on March 8, 2018. The main objectives of this scheme are to attain proper nutritional status among children from 0-6 years, adolescent girls, pregnant women and lactating mothers in a timely manner; reduce stunting, under-nutrition, and anaemia among young children, women, and adolescent girls; and lowering low birth weight by at least 2% per annum.
5. Anti-Narcotics Scheme
The Anti-Narcotics Scheme is further extended by the Union government for three years from 2017 to 2020 to prevent drug consumption and trafficking in the nation. The government has provided a financial assistance of Rs. 21 crore towards this scheme. The scheme monetarily assists the states and the Union Territories engaged in the controlling of inter-state and cross-border drug trafficking.
6. GOBAR-Dhan Yojana
The Galvanising Organic Bio-Agro Resources Dhan (GOBAR-DHAN) scheme was launched by Haryana’s Chief Minister Manohar Lal Khattar and Uma Bharti (Union Minister for Sanitation and Drinking Water) on April 30 this year. The GOBAR-Dhan scheme is an effort by the government to improve the living conditions in the Indian villages and make them open-defecation free. A segment of the Swachh Bharat initiative, this scheme will focus on useful conversion of solid waste and cattle dung into manure and biogas.
7. Green Revolution-Krishonnati Yojana
The Green Revolution-Krishonnati Yojana has been further extended till 2019-20 beyond the 12th five-year plan by the Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs (CCEA). This scheme comprises of 11 different schemes and missions under a single umbrella. The main aim of this scheme is the comprehensive development of the entire agriculture and allied sector. It is launched for the welfare of farmers and is a major step towards “Doubling the Farmers Income by 2022”.
8. Samagra Shiksha Scheme
The Samagra Shiksha Scheme was launched by the Union Ministry of Human Resource Development (HRD) on May 24, 2018, in view of improving the quality of education at school level in India. It is an overarching program which will incorporate digital technology and introduce skill development in the school education system. An annual grant of five thousand to twenty thousand rupees will be provided for strengthening libraries in schools under the program. The scheme unifies the elements of Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA), Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan (RMSA), and Teacher Education (TE) to treat school education holistically, from pre-school to Class 12 levels.
9. Atal Bhujal Yojana
Atal Bhujal Yojana is Central Government’s Rs 6,000-crore ambitious water conservation scheme launched to deal with the ever-deepening crisis of depleting groundwater level. The main objectives of this scheme are to revitalize groundwater level and create sufficient water storage for agricultural purposes; rejuvenation of surface water bodies so that groundwater level can be increased, especially in the rural areas; recharging sources of groundwater and ensure effective use of water by involving people at local level. The scheme was launched in water-stressed states such as Gujarat, Haryana, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan and Madhya Pradesh.
10. First “Khelo India School Games”
The Central Government of India inaugurated the first edition of the Khelo India School Games (KISG) at the Indira Gandhi Indoor Stadium in New Delhi from January 31 to February 8, 2018. This program highlighted India’s young sporting talent and their potential in sports. The main objectives behind KISG were to revive the sports culture in India at the grass-root level, to build a strong foundation of all the sports played in the country, and make India a great sporting nation. This mega event was held across 16 disciplines in the under-17 age category. Around 5,000 school children from all the 29 states and 7 union territories participated in the event.
11. National Bamboo Mission (Restructured under Budget 2018)
National Bamboo Mission has been restructured by the government in the Union Budget 2018 in order to promote commercial bamboo cultivation in the northeastern states to boost the income of the bamboo farmers. The Union Government has allocated Rs. 1,290 crore towards the mission to promote holistic development of bamboo production as an industry in the country. It will offer a continuous source of income to the bamboo farmers and communities owning bamboo groves. There is a proposition of utilizing this mission under the Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana, the government’s flagship programme for housing to set up bamboo houses.
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