India is globally famous for its numerous events and festivals. The nation is home to people from diverse cultural and religious background as lots of festivals and events are celebrated throughout the year.
Main Events in India
Among all these events, there are some, which are held by every Indian irrespective of their caste and creed. This helps the citizens of the country to come together, thus, reflecting India's exclusive character of "unity in diversity". The main three events, which are held unanimously in the Indian Republic, are:
When and how is Independence Day celebrated in India?
Independence Day in India is celebrated with huge enthusiasm on 15 August of every year. In the year 1947, this was the day when India gained its independent status by freeing itself from the British rule of 200 years. On 15 August, 1947, Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru, the first Prime Minister of India unfurled the Indian tricolor flag on the famous Red Fort.
Every year India's Independence Day is celebrated by hoisting the country's national flag at different states. The main celebration is held at Delhi's Red Fort, which starts with unfolding of the tri-color flag of India. That flag hoisting is followed by a speech by India's Prime Minister, which pays tribute to the Indian freedom fighters and patriotic programs organized by numerous schools. Independence Day in India is observed as a national holiday.
When and how is Republic Day celebrated in India?
26 January of every year is observed as the Republic Day in India. This day commemorates 26 January of the year 1950 when the Constitution of India was introduced as the governing script of the sovereign India. This is the day when Indian Constitution replaced the Government of India Act of 1935.
Every year Republic Day is celebrated in the capital city of Delhi as well as in all the states of India. The celebration mainly consists of parade. Delhi, being India's capital, celebrates Republic Day with a grand parade on Rajpath. The parade starts with laying a floral wreath by the Prime Minister at the Amar Jawan Jyoti to salute all those soldiers who sacrificed their life for the freedom of the country. Starting from Raisina Hill, the parade passes along the India gate and Rajpath. Unfurling the national flag and playing the National Anthem is a part of the celebration. The presence of the President of India in the entire celebration makes it more prominent. Similar kinds of parades are even held in all the state capitals where the celebration is headed by the Governor and the Chief Minister of the respective states.
When and how is Gandhi Jayanti celebrated in India?
Gandhi Jayanti, one of the three Indian national holidays is observed on 2 October every year. The day is celebrated to mark the birth date of Mahatma Gandhi on 2 October, 1869. Mahatma Gandhi or Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi is regarded as the "Father of the Nation" for his significant contribution to the independence of India. The day is even declared as the International Day of Non-Violence by the General Assembly of the United Nations, owing to Gandhiji's Non-violent Movement.
The day is celebrated by paying homage to the great leader at Raj Ghat, which is the memorial of Gandhiji. The tribute is paid by the President and the Prime Minister of the country along with some famous political leaders. Prayer meetings are even held in Delhi as well as the other state capitals to remember the great deeds of Mahatma Gandhi. 'Raghupati Raghav Raja Ram', his favorite song is sung invariably at all those meetings.
Lohri: People in Punjab, Haryana and Himachal Pradesh celebrate Lohri on 13 January of every year to observe harvesting of the Rabi (winter) crops.
Pongal, Makar Sankranti: Pongal and Makar Sankranti are celebrated from 14 to 16 January every year in Tamil Nadu, Puducherry, Chhattisgarh, Goa, Odisha, Haryana, Bihar, Jharkhand, Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Karnataka, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Manipur, Rajasthan, Sikkim, Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand, West Bengal and Jammu. It is believed that on this day the Sun enters the zodiac sign of Makara (Capricorn).
Vasant Panchami: This is mainly a spring festival observed in Punjab. On the same day, Saraswati Puja is celebrated in many states of India.
Maha Shivaratri: This festival is observed in honour of god Shiva and is celebrated before the arrivals of Spring season.
Holi: Also known as the festival of colours or the festival of sharing love, Holi is a Hindu Spring festival which signifies the victory of good over evil. The festival starts with Holika bonfire which is followed by playing with colours. This festival is observed by Hindus in every state in India.
Eid al-Fitr (Ramadan): Also called the "festival of breaking of the fast", Eid al-Fitr is celebrated by Muslims through out the world. This day marks the end of the Islamic holy month of fasting.
Rakhi (Raksha Bandhan): Celebrated nationwide, love and duty between brothers and sisters is celebrated on the day of Raksha Bandhan.
Janmashtami: On Janmasthami, the Hindus celebrate the birth of deity Krishna, the eighth avatar of Vishnu.The festival is observed on the eighth day of the dark fortnight of the Hindu month of Shravana.
Ganesh Chaturthi: This festival is observed in honour of lord Ganesha. It is an annual celebration in which people pray to the god to start new activities without any obstacle. Maharashtra, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh are some of the states where people celebrate this festival predominantly.
Eid al-Adha, Bakrid: It falls on the 10th day of Dhu al-Hijjah and lasts for four days. This festival is also known as the "Sacrifice Feast". This festival is observed by Muslims across the globe.
Onam: This festival is observed by the Hindus in Kerala. It marks the commemoration of home-coming of the King Mahabali.
Dussehra: Also called Vijayadashami, this festival is celebrated in many states of India. In some of the states, people worship Hindu goddess Durga for her victory over the demon Mahishasura; whereas in some states, the effigies of Ravana are burnt.
Karwa Chauth: This festival is observed by Hindu married women in the north Indian states of the country. Women keep fast all through the day for the safety of their husband on this day.
Diwali - (Lakshmi Puja, Gowardhan Puja, Bhaiya Dooj): The festival of lights, is observed during the Autumn season every year. The festival signifies the victory of light over darkness, knowledge over ignorance, good over evil and hope over despair. People also celebrate Lakshmi puja on this day. Within a week after Diwali, other festivals like Gowardhan Puja and Bhaiya Dooj are observed.
Chhath Puja: It is a Hindu vedic festival observed by people of Bihar, eastern Uttar Pradesh and Nepal. On this festival, people worship the Sun and his wife Usha and express their gratitude for providing bounties of life.
Guru Nanak Jayanti: Also called Guru Nanak Purab, it is one of the most sacred festivals of the Sikhs. The birth of the first Sikh Guru, Guru Nanak is celebrated on this day.
Christmas: Christians worldwide celebrate the birth anniversary of Jesus Christ on this day.
Last Updated on : January 11, 2017