Republic Day of India (26 January)

गणतंत्र दिवस

  • The spectacular march past by the armed forces
  • The well coordinated Indian navy
  • Indian border security force on camel-back
  • Nation heroes leading the sturdy Indian army tanks
  • Displaying the nation military prowess

26 January

The Republic Day is celebrated in India on 26th January every year. The day marks the sovereignty of the country, as on this day in 1950 the Constitution of India was adopted. The signature celebration of the event is the Republic Day Parade, which is held in the capital city, New Delhi.

Highlights of 2016 Republic Day Celebrations

  • French President Francois Hollande will be the Chief Guest at the Republic Day Parade on January 26, 2016.
  • The Republic Day Parade will be shorter by at least 15 minutes. Government is planning to hold a 90-minute parade instead of the nearly two hours one. This is done to cut down the number of marching contigents in addition to clubbing together the mechanised ones. The tableaux would also be held for less time.
  • The Action Plan for Start Up India, Stand Up India will be launched for introducing multiple opportunities for the youth of India. Cleanliness in surrounding areas and for statues of great personalities would also be ensured.
  • The topic "our duties" will be discussed in schools, colleges and other places.
  • Beating the Retreat would have Indian music infused with martial tunes.
  • All tableaux and music bands will be showcased for three days - till January 29 at the Red Fort to allow more people to participate.
  • Number of Army's marching contigents will be reduced from 8 to 6.
  • Number of Navy's marching contigents will be reduced from 3 to 2.
  • The Air Force will be putting up a single marching contigent.
  • Six central para-military forces will be putting up 3 marching contigents instead of one contigent individually.
  • The Indian Navy will showcase "Make in India" and hence put up models of the indigenously made aircraft carrier INS Vikrant along with the indigenously made submarine INS Kalvari.
Highlights of 2015

The year 2015 saw the US President Barack Obama as the chief guest at the Republic Day celebrations. It was Obama's second visit to India, which made him the first US President to visit the country twice during his presidential tenure. It was also the first time when India had received an American President as a chief guest on 26 January. Obama's wife, Michelle Obama and some other senior officials from the US also accompanied him during this visit.

The grand Republic Day parade this year was attended by about 1.25 lakh people. 25 tableaux - 16 from different states and nine from several ministries were showcased in the parade. "Women Empowerment" was the theme of the 66th Republic Day celebrations and it was the first time that all-women's contingents from the three services - Indian Army, Indian Navy and Indian Air Force marched in the parade.

Significance of Republic Day

The Republic Day is celebrated as the day when India became a sovereign, secular and democratic republic. It was on 26 January 1950 that the Constitution of India was brought into force as the governing document of India that replaced the Government of India Act 1935.

The day also has significance as the declaration of Indian independence (Purna Swaraj) was proclaimed by the Indian National Congress on 26 January 1930. It was on this day in the year 1965 that Hindi was declared as the official language of the country.

Republic Day Date and Timing

The Republic Day 2016 will be celebrated on 26 January. This day will be observed as a national holiday. All the national, state and local government offices, banks, post offices, schools, stores and other organizations will remain closed to celebrate the spirit of patriotism on this day. Public Transport will remain unaffected but the traffic will get disrupted due to Republic Day parades. Increased security can be seen in multiple areas within New Delhi on the Republic Day of India.

Republic Day Celebrations

The entire nation comes alive with patriotic fervour on this day, but the principal celebration of the Republic Day takes place in the national capital, New Delhi from 9 a.m. and continues for about three hours. This historic occasion becomes a national festival with the involvement of people from all over the country. The day symbolises the unity of the nation as it brings together people from different castes, creed, religions and regions to celebrate the day with the pride of being an Indian. 

The celebration takes place at the Rajpath with great enthusiasm and pride, which can be experienced by any individual as the Republic Day Parade is a ticketed event. The tickets for the same can be bought a couple of weeks before the event.

Republic Day celebrations across the country

Apart from the grand celebrations in the capital, the Republic Day is also celebrated in different parts of the country at different levels, such as in cities, district headquarters, panchayats, schools and offices.

  • In Mumbai, people attend Republic Day Parade at Shivaji Park in Central Mumbai.
  • In Bangalore, people celebrate Republic Day at the Field Marshal Manekshaw Parade Ground, which holds a parade and cultural fair.
  • In Kolkata, people enjoy the Republic Day parade held along the Red Road near the Maidan.
  • In Chennai, Republic Day celebrations take place at Marina Beach and Kamaraj Salai.

Republic Day Parade

The grandeur of the Republic Day of India is visible in the grand parade that is held along Rajpath, beginning from Raisina Hill near the Rashtrapati Bhavan (President’s Palace) and moving on to Rajpath past India Gate and proceeding to the Red Fort.

The occasion witnesses the presence of the President, the Prime Minister and several other high-ranking officials of the country. The parade starts with the arrival of the President of India, who is escorted by a group of bodyguards on horses. Next, the Prime Minister of India offers wreaths at the Amar Jawan Jyoti at the India Gate in memory of the martyrs of the Indian army. The national flag is unfurled by the President of India, who is also the Commander-in-Chief of the Indian Armed Forces. This is succeeded by the cheerful tune of the National Anthem and a 21-gun salute. Led by three different divisions of the armed forces viz: Navy, Army and Air Force; the Republic Day Parade has all of them displaying their might along the Rajpath, saluting the President. The Armed Forces staff performs motorcycle rides whereas the staff of the Indian Air Force performs flying parade in fighter planes. 

The rich and colourful culture of India is showcased in the parade of the Republic Day. Traditional as well as cultural performances are given by professionals belonging to different regions. School children in picturesque costumes also participate in the display of different aspects of the glorious history of the country on this big day.

The real heroes of the nation are honoured with the bravery awards and medals. National Awards are given to children for selfless sacrifice and bravery. 

A row of IAF jets marks the end of the grand celebration, leaving behind a trail of coloured smoke. It bids goodbye to the gathered audience by lavishing rose petals on them.

Republic Day Parade Tickets

Since Republic Day Parade is a ticketed event, you can buy your tickets that go on sale a couple of weeks before the event. A few official departmental counters which can be accessed for purchasing the tickets include the following:
  • Red Fort, Purani Delhi Palace
  • Pragati Maidan at Bhairon Road Gate No.1
  • Jantar Mantar, Main Gate Entrance
  • India Gate, Jamnagar House Building
  • Government of India - Tourist Office at Connaught Place in New Delhi
  • Parliament House at the Reception Office Gate
Beating the Retreat Ceremony

The Republic Day celebration ends officially with the Beating the Retreat ceremony, which is held on the 29 January every year. The event symbolizes retreat after a day on the battlefield and features remarkable performances by the Indian Air Force, the India Navy, and the Indian Army. Held at the Raisina Hill, New Delhi, Beating the Retreat Ceremony has its tickets available at the same outlets as the Republic Day Parade.

Blogs about Republic Day
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Republic Day Wallpaper


Last Updated on : January 6, 2016



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