Geography of India

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Geographic Map of India
India is the seventh largest country in the world which makes it obvious for the country to have vast geographical features. The map on geography of India by mapsofindia tries to contain the massive geographical details of the country on a map, for your convenience.

The country covers an area of 3.28 million sq kilometer. The mainland of India extends between 8° 4 ' N and 37° 6' North Latitude and 68° 7 ' and 97° 25 ' East Longitudes. The Tropic of Cancer 23° 30 ' N divides India almost into two halves. The land frontier of the country is 15, 200 km and the total length of the coastline is 7, 517 kilometers. Indian peninsula tapers southward resulting in the division of the Indian Ocean into two water bodies - the Bay of Bengal and the Arabian Sea. In India, there is a great diversity of landforms such as lofty mountains, deep valleys, extensive plains, and a number of islands. Broadly the physical features of India can be divided into five physical units - The Great Mountains of the North, The North Indian Plain, The Peninsular Plateau, The Coastal Plains, and The Islands.

There are as many as 29 states in India, located in the total area of 3,287,263 km2. The largest of all Indian states is Rajasthan which covers an area of 342240 sq km. The state of Rajasthan shares its border with Pakistan on the West, Gujarat on the South West, Madhya Pradesh on the South East and Punjab to the North.

Goa is the smallest state in India located merely in 3702 sq km. The state of Goa is located to the South West of India and is the most prosperous of all the states in the country. Uttar Pradesh lying to the North East of the country is the most populous state in India. The state of Gujarat lying on the extreme west of India is one of the most prosperous of all Indian states. The awe strikingly beautiful Jammu and Kashmir is the northernmost state in the country. India's eastern border is equipped by states of Manipur, Meghalaya, Assam , Mizoram, Nagaland, Tripura and Arunachal Pradesh . All these states together are located in the 7% of the total area in the country. The union territories in the country are seven in number. Delhi, the capital of India also falls under the category. The other union territories of the country include Chandigarh located to the North of the country, Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu located to the West of the country, Lakshadweep located to the South West of the country, Puducherry located to the South East of the country and Andaman and Nicobar Islands located to the South East of the country.

India has a large reserve of rivers- big and small and all these rivers are revered in the country other than merely being the sources of water. The River Brahmaputra is a trans-boundary River. The river originates in Tibet and enters India in Arunachal Pradesh and passes through Assam before finally making its way through Bangladesh. The River Ganga is the longest river in India and is considered to be the most pious river in the country. The river has several tributaries including River Yamuna which is the only water body near the National Capital- New Delhi. River Chambal, a tributary of Yamuna passes through Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh. The other major rivers in India include Narmada River originating at Amarkantak in Madhya Pradesh, River Godavri originating at Tryambakeshar in Maharashtra, River Krishna originating at Mahabaleshwar, River Kaveri passing through Karnataka and Tamil Nadu , Mahanadi River flowing through Chattisgarh and Odisha. The other rivers in the country include Mahi, Betwa, Penner, Kosi, Tungabhadra and several others.

India shares its international borders with Pakistan in the west, Nepal, China and Bhutan in the North West. It is surrounded by Burma and Bangladesh to the East. Sri Lanka lies to the South of India and India's union territory Andaman and Nicobar Islands lie close to Thailand and Indonesia.

The map will help you locate all this and more. All the international boundaries of the country are marked in pink lines. Grey dotted lines stand for the state boundaries and help you be familiar with all the Indian states and their neighbours. The blue lines scattered throughout the map represent all the major rivers in the country.

Last Updated on : November 7, 2014


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