Madhya Pradesh Local Government

Madhya Pradesh Local Government is an extension of Madhya Pradesh State Government. Unlike the State Government, Madhya Pradesh Local Government works at the root-level of the state, i.e. the districts.

The Madhya Pradesh Local Government is a part of the State Legislature that works in those parts of Madhya Pradesh where it is not possible for the State Legislative Assembly to reach. Precisely speaking, Madhya Pradesh Local Government comprises the following components:
  • Municipal Corporations
  • Municipal Councils
  • Nagar Panchayats
After the independence the local government got a new meaning. Post independence, there was a resurgence in the socio-economic reforms of India. The state policy found that the civic administration was no longer a mere training ground for local people in the field of self-governance, rather it was an inevitable part of the administration. Therefore a number of committees and departments were set up that could keep an eye on the otherwise neglected area of administration.
The function of the Madhya Pradesh Local Government, as prescribed by the Constitution of India, are:
  • public health
  • public safety and convenience
  • public education and recreation
  • welfare activities
  • upliftment of the weaker sections
  • poverty alleviation, and
  • planning for economic development and social justice


Madhya Pradesh politics works on the same lines as the other Indian states.Madhya Pradesh politics has only one house - the Madhya Pradesh Legislative Assembly (Vidhan Sabha) which consists of 60 members.

For decades, Madhya Pradesh has been a prosperous state. It had a more or less stable government. Madhya Pradesh has initiated e-governance in its various sectors of governance with the advancement of computer and information technology.

Madhya Pradesh politics has 2 seats in the Lok Sabha which is the lower house of Parliament and 1 seat in Rajya Sabha which is the upper house of Parliament.

The head of the state is the Governor who is appointed by the President of India. His or her post is ceremonial to a great extent.

The Chief Minister is the head of government and has most of the executive powers. The Chief Minister is aided by a group of ministers, who have independent power.

The current Chief Minister in Madhya Pradesh politics is Shivraj Singh Chouhan.The current Governor in Madhya Pradesh politics is Shri Ram Naresh Yadav. The present Chief Secretary is Shri R.Parasuram.

In Madhya Pradesh politics, the two major political parties are Indian National Congress and Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP). The present government is led by BJP under the leadership of Shivraj Singh Chouhan. Babulal Gaur and Uma Bharti were the chief ministers of the state from the same BJP prior to him. The state was governed by the Congress under the leadership of Mr. Digvijay Singh before the last election.

The leading political parties in Madhya Pradesh politics are Indian National Congress, Bharatiya Janata Party, Jiti Jitayi Politics, Madhya Pradesh Kisan Mazdoor Adivasi Kranti Dal, Madhya Pradesh Vikas Congress and Pragatisheel Bahujan Samaj Party.


On the day of its birth, Madhya Pradesh Police department had 252 Gazetted Officers, 39785 Non- Gazetted Officers and 739 police stations. Six posts of DIG were created in the new state. Strength of the Madhya Pradesh Police was optimized, keeping in mind the law and order situation of the state.

To keep pace with the needs of a fast developing state, the Indian Police Service and State Service Cadre were expanded suitably. To ensure uniformity of police throughout the state, existing Madhya Pradesh Police Regulations were revised.

The first IG of the new state was Shri BG Ghate. In 1958, he was succeeded by KF Rustamji.

Structural Changes and Modernization of Madhya Pradesh Police:
  • Madhya Pradesh has a sizable population of Scheduled Tribes and scheduled castes, who have remained cut off from the mainstream for centuries.Madhya Pradesh Police created a separate Anusuchit Jati Janjati Kalyan Wing (AJK) in 1973 to investigate SC/ST cases.

  • To be able to deal with dacoits and Naxalites, Madhya Pradesh Police upgraded its training centers and established Armed Police Training College at Indore in 1982.

  • The state police created a separate Narcotics wing headed by an officer of ADG rank to deal with increased activities of smugglers in narcotics substances in 1996.

  • Madhya Pradesh Police established its computer wing in 1977 which was later converted into State Crime Record Bureau.

  • Numerous improvements were made in the communication, weaponry, riot control methods, and traffic control.
Above all, the Madhya Pradesh Police have been working very efficiently to ensure security to the people of Madhya Pradesh.

Election Constituencies

There are 230 Madhya Pradesh Election Constituencies. These Madhya Pradesh Election Constituencies are included under the 9 divisions of Ujjain, Gwalior, Indore, Chambal, Rewa, Sagar, Bhopal, Hoshangabad and Jawalpore.

These are the 230 Madhya Pradesh Election Constituencies (assembly):

No. Constituency

1 Sheopur
2 Bijeypur
3 Sabalgarh
4 Joura
5 Sumawali
6 Morena
7 Dimni (SC)
8 Ambah (SC)
9 Gohad (SC)
10 Mehgaon
11 Attair
12 Bhind
13 Ron
15 Gwalior
16 Lashkar
17 Lashkar
18 Morar
19 Gird
20 Dabra
21 Bhander (SC)
22 Seondha (SC)
23 Datia
24 Karera
25 Pohri
26 Shivpuri
27 Pichhore
28 Kolaras (SC)
29 Guna
30 Chachaura
31 Raghogarh
32 Shadora (SC)
33 Ashoknagar
34 Mungaoli
35 Bina
36 Khurai (SC)
37 Banda
38 Naryaoli (SC)
39 Sagar
40 Surkhi
41 Rehli
42 Deori
43 Niwari
44 Jatara
45 Khargapur (SC)
46 Tikamgarh
47 Malehra
48 Bijawar
49 Chhatarpur
50 Maharajpur (SC)
51 Chandla
52 Nohata
53 Damoh
54 Patharia (SC)
55 Hatta
56 Panna
57 Amanganj
58 Pawai
59 Maihar
60 Nagod
61 Raigaon (SC)
62 Chitrakoot
63 Satna
64 Rampur Baghelan
65 Amarpatan
66 Rewa
67 Gurh
68 Mangawan
69 Sirmaur
70 Teonthar
71 Deotalab (SC)
72 Mauganj
73 Churahat
74 Sidhi
75 Gopadbanas
76 Dhauhani (ST)
77 Deosar (ST)
78 Singrauli (SC)
79 Beohari
80 Umaria
81 Nowrozabad (ST)
82 Jaisinghnagar (ST)
83 Kotma (ST)
84 Anuppur (ST)
85 Sohagpur
86 Pushparajgarh (ST)
87 Baihar (ST)
88 Lanji
89 Kirnapur
90 Waraseoni
91 Khairlanjee
92 Katangi
93 Balaghat
94 Paraswada
95 Nainpur (ST)
96 Mandla (ST)
97 Bichhia (ST)
98 Bajag (ST)
99 Dindori (ST)
100 Shahpura (ST)
101 Niwas (ST)
102 Bargi (ST)
103 Panagar (ST)
104 Jabalpur Cantonment
105 Jabalpur East (SC)
106 Jabalpur
107 Jabalpur
108 Patan
109 Majholi
110 Sihora
111 Bahoriband
112 Murwara
113 Badwara
114 Vijairaghogarh
115 Gadarwara
116 Bohani
117 Narsimhapur
118 Gotegaon (SC)
119 Lakhanadon (ST)
120 Ghansor (ST)
121 Keolari
122 Barghat
123 Seoni
124 Jamai (ST)
125 Chhindwara
126 Parasia (SC)
127 Damua (ST)
128 Amarwara (ST)
129 Chaurai
130 Sausar
131 Pandhurna
132 Piparia
133 Hoshangabad
134 Itarsi
135 Seoni-Malwa
136 Timarni (SC)
137 Harda
138 Multai
139 Masod
140 Bhainsdehi (ST)
141 Betul
142 Ghora Dongri (ST)
143 Amla (SC)
144 Budhni
145 Ichhawar
146 Ashta (SC)
147 Sehore
148 Govindpura
149 Bhopal South
150 Bhopal North
151 Berasia
152 Sanchi (SC)
153 Udaipura
154 Bareli
155 Bhojpur
156 Kurwai (SC)
157 Basoda
158 Vidisha
159 Shamshabad
160 Sironj
161 Biaora
162 Narsingarh
163 Sarangpur (SC)
164 Rajgarh
165 Khilchipur
166 Shujalpur
167 Gulana
168 Shajapur
169 Agar (SC)
170 Susner
171 Tarana (SC)
172 Mahidpur
173 Khachrod
174 Badnagar
175 Ghatiya (SC)
176 Ujjain
177 Ujjain
178 Depalpur
179 Mhow
180 Indore-I
181 Indore-II
182 Indore-III
183 Indore-IV
184 Indore-V
185 Sawer (SC)
186 Dewas
187 Sonkatch (SC)
188 Hatpipalya
189 Bagli
190 Khategaon
191 Harsud (ST)
192 Nimarkhedi
193 Pandhana (SC)
194 Khandwa
195 Nepanagar
196 Shahpur
197 Burhanpur
198 Bhikangaon (ST)
199 Barwaha
200 Maheshwar (SC)
201 Kasrawad
202 Khargone
203 Dhulkot (ST)
204 Sendhwa (ST)
205 Anjad (ST)
206 Rajpur (ST)
207 Barwani (ST)
208 Manawar (ST)
209 Dharampuri (ST)
210 Dhar
211 Badnawar
212 Sardarpur (ST)
213 Kukshi (ST)
214 Alirajpur (ST)
215 Jobat (ST)
216 Jhabua (ST)
217 Petlawad (ST)
218 Thandla (ST)
219 Ratlam Town
220 Ratlam Rural
221 Sailana (ST)
222 Jaora
223 Alot (SC)
224 Manasa
225 Garoth
226 Suwasara (SC)
227 Sitamau
228 Mandsaur
229 Neemuch
230 Jawad
Listed above are the 230 Madhya Pradesh Election Constituencies which are categorized under 9 divisions for the purpose of administrative convenience.


Municipalities in Madhya Pradesh are formed around the two major cities of the state, Indore and Bhopal. The municipalities are devoted towards improving and maintaining the well-being of the inhabitants of these cities. The municipalities do this through a betterment of the infrastructures of the cities, collecting taxes and generally looking after the civil amenities.

Bhopal Municipal Corporation is one of the most important municipalities of Madhya Pradesh. The first Bhopal municipal body was established in 1907 and the Bhopal Municipal Council came into existence in 1952. In 1983 it changed into the Bhopal Municipal Corporation. What was initially a rather moderate area presently covers a region of 285 square kilometers with 66 wards. Presently, Mr. Sunil Sood the mayor, along with Shri Manish Singh, the councilor, spearheads the functions of the Municipality. This municipality of Madhya Pradesh not only plays an important role in the maintenance of the civil infrastructures of the city but also nurtures the rich cultural traditions of the city, including the literary and the sports organizations. With a tie-up with the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) in 2005, the infrastructures promise to show great signs of improvement in the forthcoming years.

The distinctive components of the Municipal Corporation, a branch of Madhya Pradesh Local Government are:
  • Mayor
  • Commissioner
  • Council
  • History
  • Department
  • Organization
  • Zonal Office
  • Budget

High Courts

From 1st of November 1956, Nagpur High Court was deemed to be the Madhya Pradesh High Court for the present state of Madhya Pradesh. Nagpur High Court became Madhya Pradesh High Court with its seat at Jabalpur. Later, in the same year, permanent benches of the Madhya Pradesh High Court at Indore and Gwalior were established. After High Court of Chhattisgarh was established in 2000 with its seat at Bilaspur, the Madhya Pradesh High Court at Jabalpur became High Court for the successor state of Madhya Pradesh.
  • Sitting Judges of Principle Seat of Madhya Pradesh High Court at Jabalpur:

    Ananga Kumar Patnaik
    Deepak Verema
    Dipak Misra
    SS Jha
    AK Mishra
    KK Lahoti
    Ajit Singh
    AK Shrivastava
    SS Kemkar
    Rakesh Saksena
    UC Maheshwari
    SR Waghmare
    Abhay M. Naik
    AK Saxena
    Ram Kishore Gupta

  • Sitting Judges of Madhya Pradesh High Court of Bench at Gwalior:

    AK Gohil
    SS Samvatsar
    Rajendra Menon
    SK Gangele
    PK Jaiswal
    Sheela Khanna
    SA Naqvi
    BM Gupta
    AP Shrivastava
    Sanjay Yadav

  • Sitting Judges of Madhya Pradesh High Court of Bench at Indore:

    SK Kulshrestha
    AM Sapre
    SL Kochar
    Viney Mittal

  • Madhya Pradesh High Court Legal Services Committee:

    Chairman: SK Kulshreshtha, INDORE BENCH
    Co - chairmen:
    AK Gohil, Gwalior Bench
    AK Mishra, Jabalpur Main Seat
    PR Bhave, Senior Advocate, Jabalpur
    Dr. Rachna Johri, Jabalpur
    Girish Desai, Advocate, Indore
    Ami Prabal, Advocate, Gwalior
    Secretary: SN Khare
    Contact Details of Madhya Pradesh High Court:
    Phone: 0761-2623225
    Address of High Court: High Court Legal Services Committee, High Court Campus, Jabalpur (Madhya Pradesh)


The Madhya Pradesh Judiciary originated in 1861 as a part of the government of what was then the Central Province. It was then supervised by the Judicial Commissioner. The Judicial Commissioner's court at Nagpur was the highest court of the territory. It changed to a Governor's province in 1921, when it became entitled to a full-fledged High Court for administration of justice.
Berar, part of the Nijam's state of Hyderabad was transferred in 1933 to the Central Province, for administration. Following the orders of King George, the Fifth, Nagpur High Court was instituted for Central Provinces and Berar. Thus the Nagpur High Court was constituted and embodied in the Madhya Pradesh Judiciary even after India became a republic on 26th of January 1950.
In November 1956 the new state of Madhya Pradesh came into being. Consequently, Nagpur High Court became the High Court for the new state with its seat at Jabalpur.
In November 1956, the Chief Justice instituted temporary benches of the High Court of Madhya Pradesh at Indore and Gwalior. Later, by a Presidential notification in November 1968, permanent benches of the High Court of Madhya Pradesh came into existence at Indore and Gwalior.
In November 2000, the state of Chhattisgarh was pruned out of the existing state of Madhya Pradesh. After this, the High Court of Chhattisgarh emerged with its seat at Bilaspur. The High Court of Madhya Pradesh at Jabalpur then began to serve as High Court for the present Madhya Pradesh.
The current judge strength of the Madhya Pradesh Judiciary is as follows:

  Permanent Judges Additional Judges
Approved Strength 32 10
Sanctioned Strength 31 10
Working Strength 32 10

The territorial distribution of the principal seat and benches shows that the principal seat of the Madhya Pradesh Judiciary is at Jabalpur. There are two benches at Indore and Gwalior respectively.

Last Updated on : 15th March 2013