The four years of Modi government has set India on a transformational path to rapid development at a time when democracy and freedom are being challenged in many other countries.
The four major achievements in the four years of Modi government are:
Robust foreign Policy
PM Modi announced his arrival on the global diplomatic stage when he invited leaders in the Indian subcontinent to be part of his swearing-in ceremony. The world took notice, and four years down he has single-handedly created a respected space in the world order for India and himself. No mean achievement for someone who was shunned by the global community till he became India’s Prime Minister.
The most significant achievement in India’s foreign policy has been building a closer strategic relationship with the United States. For a country that has largely been hesitant in demonstrating and asserting its strategic interests in keeping with its rising power status, the re-naming of the United States’ Pacific Command to Indo-Pacific Command, has been a significant development.
India’s ‘Look East’ policy got a boost with the country strengthening its relationship with Japan, Vietnam and Australia, and in bringing them closer to align with India’s strategic goals.
Another significant achievement of India’s assertive diplomacy is in isolating Pakistan in the global community and shaming it for its role as a state sponsor of terrorism.
The Modi government has strengthened its relationship with Bangladesh, and is working hard to stave off economic assertion by China in the Indian subcontinent and the Indian Ocean region.
Transforming BJP into a pan-India party
From the time of independence, Jan Sangh, BJP’s earlier avatar, had struggled to establish itself as a strong political party capable of challenging the Congress party on a pan-India basis. BJP, under the leadership of former Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee, did come close to providing a sustainable challenge but soon the Congress party was able to reassert its position as the dominant political force.
BJP’s resurrection as a pan-India political force began with Narendra Modi being chosen as the prime ministerial candidate during the 2014 general elections. His taking command of the party leadership and directing the electoral strategy against the UPA became the defining moment in Indian politics.
His dramatic victory, strong leadership, clear communications, and a no-nonsense approach has helped energize a placid bureaucracy into a pro-active one. Under his leadership the entire government today enjoys a corruption-free reputation. That’s a big achievement for a country where corruption had become institutionalized over the years.
Under UPA II, India seemed a nation without much strategic direction or robust domestic goals that were transformational and yet, uniting. PM Modi and his party have successfully transformed that perception. In a politically fragmented country with diverse, and often, conflicting interests, the Modi government has been able to instil and sense of confidence and pride among the people in the concept of a dynamic India. That’s a major achievement.
The Goods and Service Tax (GST) introduced from July 2017 has been one of the most significant reforms of the Modi government. The implementing of GST has created a single common market in India by subsuming several different taxes into a single tax and applicable pan-India. The move has helped in removing the cascading impact of different taxes.
With the introduction of GST, states can expect their revenues to increase, especially those that do not manufacture goods and rely on supply from other states. In other words, the disadvantage of certain states over others stands negated. For a country the size of a continent, its impact on the economy will be transformational.
GST was first proposed in 2000 by the Atal Bihari Vajpayee government but differences cropped up with several states on revenue sharing formula. Several attempts were made to implement GST by the UPA I and II governments but failed.
At present, GST is a four-tier tax slab system and there are plans at reducing the number of slabs as the system stabilizes.
As India pursues 7 percent plus growth year on year over the next few years, GST will play a major role in achieving that goal.
Social Welfare Schemes at scale
The Modi government has demonstrated its penchant for undertaking ambitious social welfare schemes and delivering them at scale under tight timelines. The speed of implementation of the popular Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan Yojana (PMJDY) stands out for what the government can achieve if there is a commitment.
PMJDY is the world’s largest financial inclusion program aimed to bring the weaker and marginalized sections of society into the banking system, and enable them to receive financial benefits from the government directly into their bank accounts.
PMJDY ensures the traditional leakages and corruption in the system is completely eliminated, thus ensuring full benefit reaches the beneficiary. As on May 2018, 31.60 crore beneficiaries have been covered under the scheme. The total deposit collected as a result of their opening of savings account is Rs 81,203.59 crores. 23.80 crore have received RuPay Debit Cards and can now access ATMs.
Other countries are now studying the model to possibly implement similar projects.
– the UIDAI project, is a 12-Digit Unique Identification Number given to Indian residents, based on their biometric and demographic data. It is the world’s largest ID system implemented. Started under the UPA II regime, the Modi government has significantly advanced its implementation. The Aadhaar Card allows the holder to use it as a Proof of Address though it does serve as proof of citizenship. As on November 2017, 1.19 billion Aadhaar cards had been issued, covering 99 percent of the population.
The National Health Protection Scheme (NHPS)
is a major initiative of the Modi government launched this year? NHPS aims at offer healthcare cover up to Rs 5 lakh per family for serious illnesses. With a budget of Rs 10,000 crore, the scheme aims to cover 10 crore families or 50 crore people belonging to economically weaker sections of society.
Besides providing a high quality of health care services to the poorest, the scheme will also have a transformational effect on the healthcare infrastructure in the country.
Swaach Bharat Abhiyan
is yet another initiative unmatched anywhere in the world? The program is a movement against open defecation and helps people build toilets in joint participation with the government. As of April 2018, 46,36,128 individual toilets and 306,064 community and public toilets, have been constructed across the country.
All set to wrap up an eventful term
The above are four major achievements among many that the Modi government has to its credit. The government remains highly proactive as it runs through its final year before the 2019 general elections. The people will be the final judge on voting day.
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Pradhan Mantri Yojana
Pradhan Mantri Jeevan Jyoti Bima Yojana (PMJJBY)
Pradhan Mantri Suraksha Bima Yojana (PMSBY)
Atal Pension Yojana
MUDRA Bank Yojana
Garib Kalyan Yojnaye
Sukanya Samriddhi Yojana
Beti Bachao, Beti Padhao Scheme
Jan Dhan Yojana
Swachh Bharat Abhiyan
Saansad Adarsh Gram Yojana
Clean Ganga Project
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