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History of Thanjavur

History of Thanjavur throws light on the important historical and chronological events that had an impact on the social, political and cultural scenario during the ancient times. Thanjavur has been the cradle of civilization during the traditional period. The ancient city of Thanjavur rose to prominence in the 12th and 13th centuries under the able rulers of the Chola dynasty.

Under the patronage of the Chola kings, Thanjavur flourished in the fields of art, literature and architecture. Among the mighty rulers of the Chola dynasty, Karikala and Koccengan were the most successful administrators who helped in the development of Sangam Literature. The rulers of the Chola dynasty constructed beautiful temples and monuments that added to the grandeur of Thanjavur.

Vijayyalaya was another prominent ruler of the Chola dynasty who further conquered new territories and expanded the province of Thanjavur. Rajaraja I was the most successful ruler of the Cholas who was a brilliant administrator and had erected the famous Rajarajeshwara Temple. However during the period of 1120 to 1163, the Cholas lost power and the Pandya kings gained importance.

After a short rule of the Pandya rulers, the reins of administration of Thanjavur went to the hands of the Muslim rulers. During the 14th century, the Vijaynagar rulers took over the administration of the ancient city that lasted till the 17th century. The Marattas ruled over Thanjavur for a short time span.

Thanjavur was ultimately taken over by the British rulers by the Treaty of 1799. The history of the ancient city provides information about Thanjavur during the ancient period.

Last Updated on 06 December 2011