History of Thrissur

History of Thrissur plays a pivotal role in defining the history of the region of South India. The town held an important position in shaping the political and the social perspectives of the region. The name of the region is derived from Thrissivaperur. From ancient times, the region of Thrissur has occupied an important administrative seat in the Deccan region of India.

The region of Thrissur had witnessed the rise and fall of various dynasties that ruled in the southern part of India. In the Sangam period, Thrissur was a part of the Chera Empire that ruled from its capital in the city of Vanchi. Between the 9th and the 12th century, the Kulasekharas of Mahodayapuram ruled the region. It was in the medieval age that the region prospered in culture and became the host of the various communities like the Jews, Muslims and the Christians. Since the 12th century, the region prospered as a part of Perumpadappu Swarupam who started the Pudu Vaipu Era in the region. The possession of the region of Thrissur changed hands during the mid 14th and 15th centuries. The Zamorins of Calicut emerged as a ruler over the region and continued to occupy Thrissur till the arrival of the Portuguese. The Dutch and the English also seeped into the region to counter the Portuguese occupation of the region.

The consolidation of power in the region of Thrissur was under the rule of the Raja Rama Varma who acceded to the throne in the year 1790. He is popularly referred to as the architect of the township and was called Sakthan Thampuran.

Last Updated on 03/06/2013