The members of the Vidhan Sabha or the Legislative/State Assembly are elected in the Legislative Assembly elections. Held after every five years, the assembly elections are conducted in different states as per the tenure of its respective state assembly. In India, 29 states and 2 Union Territories participate in the assembly elections. In December 2013, the assembly elections were held in five states. The other phase of elections in different states took place in 2014. The following states took part or will take part in the assembly polls this year:
Arunachal Pradesh took part in the ninth assembly elections in 2014. The Vidhan Sabha elections began in 1978 in Arunachal Pradesh. The Legislative Assembly of Arunachal Pradesh comprises 60 constituencies. The first elections were won by Janata Party with Prem Khandu Thungan as the first Chief Minister of Arunachal Pradesh. Since then, the Indian National Congress (INC) has been winning and ruling the government in this northeastern state. INC has been the ruling party in Arunachal with the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) being its strongest opponent. The assembly elections 2014 were held on 9 April 2014 and counting for the same was done on 16 May 2014.
Andhra Pradesh follows the guidelines of the Constitution of India for organising elections in the state. It has 248 constituencies, out of which 19 and 48 seats are reserved for Scheduled Tribes and Scheduled Castes respectively. The Indian National Congress (INC) won the first elections in Andhra Pradesh that were held in 1955. The Assembly polls of 2014 were held in two phases due to the split in the Andhra state. The Telangana region witnessed the elections on 30 April, and the Seemandhra region participated on 7 May 2014. The results were released on 16 May for both the regions.
Odisha follows a unicameral legislature, and constitutes 147 members. The assembly elections in Odisha began in the year 1951. There have been three strong political parties in Odisha: Indian National Congress (INC), Janata Dal (JD) and Bharatiya Lok Dal (BLD) that ruled and dominated the politics in Odisha. But now, the Aam Aadmi Party (AAP) and the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) have also come up as contenders in the political arena in Odisha. The Assembly polls of 2014 in Odisha were held in two phases: 10 April and 17 April. The counting of votes completed on 16 May 2014.
Sikkim, one of the smallest states of northeast region in India, has a single parliamentary constituency. It comprises 31 constituencies, which has 12 reserved seats for Scheduled Tribes (ST) and two for Scheduled Castes (SC). The Indian National Congress (INC) won the first Assembly Elections of Sikkim that took place in the year 1979. Sikkim witnessed a historic victory of Sikkim Democratic Front (SDF) by absolute majority in the last Assembly Elections of 2009. CPI (M), BJP, INC and a few other regional parties contested in the 2014 elections. The Assembly Elections in Sikkim were held on 12 April 2014 and the results were announced on 16 May 2014.
After a division from Punjab, Haryana was established on 1 November, 1966. Its Legislative Assembly comprises 90 members. 17 seats from the total number are reserved for Scheduled Castes. Indian National Congress (INC), Indian National Lok Dal Congress (INLD), Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) and Bahujan Samaj Party (BSP) are some of the strongest political parties in Haryana. In the 2009 Assembly polls, 40 seats were won by INC, and Bhupinder Singh Hooda was declared the Chief Minister of Haryana. Another set of Assembly Elections are tentatively scheduled to be held in the last quarter of the year 2014.
The second populous state in India, Maharashtra is located in the western region of India. The Legislative Assembly in Maharashtra comprises 288 members. The first Assembly Elections were held in 1962 and were won by Indian national Congress (INC). Yashwantrao Chavan was the first Chief Minister of Maharashtra. In the year 2009, 82 seats were captured by the Indian National Congress (INC). Prithviraj Chavan is the present Chief Minister of Maharashtra. The next assembly elections in 2014 are planned to be held in late 2014. Many political parties, including the newly formed Aam Aadmi Party (AAP), are looking forward to a battle in the filed of politics in Maharashtra.
Reference: ECI Website
Assembly Elections 2014
|State||Assembly Constituencies||Election Date|
|Andhra Pradesh||294||30th April, 7th May|
|Arunachal Pradesh||60||9th April|
|Orissa||147||10th April, 17th April|
Last Updated on : September 13, 2014