Later in 1953 the city was renamed as Aurangabad when Aurangazeb took over the Deccan kingdom.
Aurangabad is most famous for its historical monuments and caves.
The most renowned tourists' attraction of Aurangabad is Bibi-Ka-Maqbara, built in memory of Aurangazeb's wife, Begum Rabia Durani.
Among others there are Aurangabad Caves, Panchakki, Himroo Factory, Darwazas, Daulatabad Fort, Khuldabad, Shirdi, Grihneshwar Temple, Paithan, Ajanata and Ellora Caves, and History Museum of Marathwada University.
Bibi-Ka-Maqbara: 5 km away from Aurangabad, built in the memory of Begum Rabia Durani, by her son Prince Azam Shah, Bibi-ka-Maqbara is a complete replica of Taj Mahal. It is an excellent example of the Percian Architecture.
Aurangabad Caves: Travel a few kilometers from bibi-ka-maqbara and you would reach the Aurangabad Caves. The excavation of these caves goes back to the time of 2nd to 6th century AD. The most famous caves of Aurangabad are the 34 caves of Ellora and 29 caves of Ajanta. The world's largest monolithic sculpture, the Kailash Temple is to be found in the Ellora Caves.
Panchakki: Built in the pre Mughal era this enormous water mill was used for grain grinding stones. It's an example of a 17th century engineering wonder.
Himroo Factory: A glimpse of conventional type of Himroo Weaving can be seen at the Himroo factory situated at Aurangabad's Zaffer gate. You can also buy shawls and saris from this factory.
Daulatabad Fort: Daulatbad or "the city of fortune" was named by the Delhi Sultan Muhammad Tughlaq. 13 km away from Aurangabad this fort is known to be the oldest existing forts of India..
Khuldabad: 3km from Ellora this town houses the holy tomb of emperor Aurangazeb.
Shirdi: The land of sacred Sai Baba, Shirdi is 130km away from Aurangabad. With a puja every Thursday thousands of devotees pay pilgrimage to Shirdi.
How to get there: The Aurangabad airport is connected to Mumbai, Delhi and Jaipur. There are 2 trains from Mumbai to Aurangabad everyday. There are also several state and luxury buses from Mumbai to Aurangabad. Many star and luxury hotels are available at Aurangabad.
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Last Updated on : 25/04/2013