Tamil Nadu Local Government


Lying on the southernmost tip of the Peninsular India, Tamil Nadu, one of the 28 states in India, had a bicameral legislature till the year 1986, after which it was replaced by a unicameral legislature, like the other Indian states.

The Tamil Nadu Local Government comprises of the 'Governor' Thiru Surjit Singh Barnala who happens to be the Constitutional head of Tamil Nadu, Chief Minister Dr. Kalaignar M Karunanidhi who heads the Council of Ministers and the government and the Council of ministers. The head of the judiciary is Justice M.Y. Eqbal, the Chief-Justice of the Chennai high-court.

The administrative units of Tamil Nadu comprises of :

  • Districts: 32
  • Revenue Divisions: 76
  • Firkas: 1,127
  • Taluks: 220
  • Revenue Villages: 16,564
  • Municipalities: 148
  • Municipal Corporations: 10
  • Panchayat Unions (Blocks): 385
  • Village Panchayats: 12,618
  • Town Panchayats: 561
  • Lok Sabha Constituencies: 39
  • Assembly Constituencies: 234
Tamil Nadu Local Government has pioneered the initiatives of the E-Governance in India. A major portion of the local government of Tamil Nadu records such as land ownership etc has been digitalized and the important offices of the state government such as the Urban Local Bodies, Municipal Office activities, revenue collection, the Corporations etc, transport offices, land registration offices and several others have been computerized. This has led to quality services coupled with transparent operations.

The state of Tamil Nadu consists of 10 city corporations namely, Coimbatore, Chennai, Madurai, Salem, Tirunelveli, Tiruchirapalli, Tirupur, Vellore, Erode and Thoothukudi. The Corporation of Chennai (capital and the largest city of Tamil Nadu) that came into existence in the year 1688 is the oldest Municipal Corporation of India. Tamil Nadu's present Director General of Police is Latika Saran.

Election constituencies

Tamil Nadu Election Constituencies are created to make the procedure of conducting election easier. The Election Commission of India is responsible for conducting elections in all the parts of the country. Since India is a vast country with many states so to reduce the chance of mistakes they have divided the election areas of India into different constituencies.Tamil Nadu Election Constituencies are also a result of this effort.

Judiciary

Justice Thiru Ajit Prakash Shah is an expert in civil, constitutional, service and labor matters. On December 18, 1992 he was appointed as an Additional Judge of Bombay High Court. Later, on the 8th of April 1994 he became a permanent judge in the same court. Some of his very important judgments on recent and significant issues are regarding the Freedom of Speech and Expression, Protection of disabled Persons, Laws relating to Women and Environmental and Ecological matters. He also issued many directions regarding the changes that are to be brought in the prisons, specially with respect to the condition of women and children there. Justice Thiru Ajit Prakash Shah also participated actively in organizing programs in order to sensitize the approach of the judges and other judicial officers regarding gender issues.

Municipalities

The local government and the municipalities of the region were famous during the Chola regime as the Kudavolai. The existing municipal structure has incorporated several changes and works for the facility of the town people. The municipality engages in the urban and town planning programs. The land within the area is regulated for constructions by the municipalities. The municipalities are responsible for the construction of roads and bridges in the area. Public health and sanitation fall under the supervision of the municipalities. They are also responsible for the management of solid wastes in the urban and town ares. Some of the other areas that fall under the administration of the municipalities are mentioned below:
  • Providing water supply for all the sectors.
  • Improvement and upgradation of the slum areas and alleviation of poverty in the urban regions.
  • Registration of births and deaths in the region.
  • Providing street lights and public conveniences in the urban regions
  • Promoting the educational and cultural aspects of the region.

Panchayats

Tamil Nadu has a distinguished panchayats system of administration. It is the Local Self Government in the rural areas. This empowers the government with administrative powers in the grass root level. Tamil Nadu has a well developed panchayat system and is also the first in promoting town panchayats in the country.

Council of Ministers in the Tamil Nadu

Name of the Ministers Department
Dr. Kalaignar M. Karunanidhi,
Chief Minister
Public, Indian Police Service, Indian Administrative Service, Indian Forest Service, Police, Home and Prohibition and Excise, Prevention of Corruption, Molasses, Public Works, Tamil Official Language & Tamil Culture, Irrigation including Minor Irrigation, Welfare of the Differently abled, Programme Works,
Prof. K. Anbazhagan,
Minister for Finance
Legislative Assembly and Elections, Finance, Planning,
Thiru Arcot N. Veerasamy,
Minister for Electricity
Non-Conventional Energy Development, Electricity,
Thiru M.K. Stalin,
Deputy Chief Minister
General Administration, Industries, District Revenue Officers, Passports, Special Initiatives, Minorities Welfare, Social Reforms, Rural Development, Panchayats and Panchayat Unions, Municipal Administration, Poverty Alleviation Programmes, Urban and Rural Water Supply, Rural Indebtedness
Thiru Veerapandi S. Arumugam,
Minister for Agriculture
Agriculture, Agro Service Cooperatives, Horticulture, Agricultural Engineering, Sugarcane Cess, Sugarcane Development and Waste Land Development
Thiru Ko.Si. Mani,
Minister for Cooperation
Cooperation, Statistics and Ex-Servicemen Welfare
Dr. K. Ponmudy,
Minister for Higher Education
Electronics, Science and Technology, Higher Education including Technical Education, Mines and Minerals
Thiru Durai Murugan Minister for Law, Courts and Prisons Personnel and Administrative Reforms, Law, Courts and Prisons,
Thiru M. R. K. Panneerselvam,
Minister for Health
Family Welfare, Health, Medical Education
Thiru K.N. Nehru,
Minister for Transport
Nationalized Transport, Transport, Motor Vehicles Act
Thiru I. Periasami,
Minister for Revenue and Housing
District Revenue Establishment, Revenue, Deputy Collectors, Debt Relief including legislation on Money lending, Weights and Measures, Chits, Housing, Registration of Companies, Rural Housing and Housing Development
Thiru Pongalur N. Palanisamy,
Minister for Rural Industries & Animal Husbandry
Small Industries and Animal Husbandry, Rural Industries including Cottage Industries
Thiru Parithi Ellamvazhuthi,
Minister for Information
Film Technology and Cinematograph Act, Information and Publicity, Stationery and Printing and Government Press, Urban Development, Town Planning and Chennai Metropolitan Development Authority
Thiru N. Suresh Rajan,
Minister for Tourism and Registration
Tourism, Tourism Development Corporation and Registration and Stamp Act
Thiru A.V. Velu,
Minister for Food
Civil Supplies, Food, Consumer Protection and Price Control
Thiru T.M. Anbarasan,
Minister for Labour
Labour, Employment and Training, Population, Steel Control and Newsprint Control, Census and Urban and Rural Employment
Thiru K.K.S.S.R. Ramachandran,
Minister for Backward Classes
Most Backward Classes and Denotified Communities, Backward Classes, Refugees & Evacuees, Overseas Indians, Handlooms & Textiles
Thiru K.R. Periakaruppan,
Minister for Hindu Religious and Charitable Endowments
Hindu Religious and Charitable Endowments (HR & CE)
Thiru S. N. M. Ubayadullah,
Minister for Commercial Taxes
Commercial Taxes
Thiru Thangam Thennarasu,
Minister for School Education
School Education and Archaeology
Thiru N. Selvaraj,
Minister for Forests
Forests and Cinchona
Thiru T. P. M. Mohideen Khan,
Minister for Environment
Environment and Pollution Control and Wakfs, Sports and Youth Welfare,
Dr. (Tmt.) Poongothai,
Minister for Information Technology
Information Technology
Thiru Vellakoil Saminathan,
Minister for Highways & Minor Ports
Highways and Minor Port
Tmt. Tamilarasi,
Minister for Adi Dravidar Welfare
Hill Tribes and Bonded Labour, Adi Dravidar Welfare,
Thiru K. P. P. Sami,
Minister for Fisheries
Fisheries and Fisheries Development Corporation
Tmt. Geetha Jeevan,
Minister for Social Welfare
Nutritious Noon Meal, Orphanages and Correctional Administration, Social Welfare including Women's and Children's Welfare, Integrated Child Development and Beggar Homes
Thiru K. Ramachandran,
Minister for Khadi
Khadi and Village Industries Board, Bhoodhan and Grama
Thiru U. Mathivanan,
Minister for Dairy Development
Milk and Dairy Development


Last Updated on 2/15/2011