Jammu and Kashmir District Map

Jammu and Kashmir District Map

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*The Map showing all Districts and Major Roads, etc in the State of jammu and Kashmir. Disclaimer

Jammu and Kashmir is the Northern most and one of the most beautiful Indian states. It is believed that when Mughal Emperor Jahangir saw the Kashmir valley he exclaimed "Agar Firdaus ba roy-i zameen ast, hamin ast-u hamin ast-u hamin ast-u" which translates to "If there ever is a heaven on earth, it's here, it's here, it's here". Jammu and Kashmir comprises of three regions; Jammu, the Kashmir valley and Ladakh and has two capital cities, Jammu, the winter capital and Srinagar, the summer capital.

Jammu and Kashmir covers a total area of 2, 22, 236 km square (area under actual control is 101387 sq. kms only) and has a population of 12, 548,926 (2011 census). The districts are divided under three divisions; Jammu Division, Kashmir Valley Division and Ladakh Division. This strategically located state shares its borders with China in the east, Pakistan in the west, Afghanistan and Russia in the North and to the south and south-east lie plains of Punjab and Himachal in India.

Parts of Jammu and Kashmir have been under illegal occupation of its neighbours Pakistan and China. Areas of Jammu and Kashmir under Pakistani administration are Azad Kashmir and Gilgit Baltistan and areas under China are Aksai Chin and Trans-Karakoram Tract.

Jammu, the winter capital is famous for its Hindu temples and witnesses many pilgrims year after year. The Kashmir Valley, also known as Heaven on Earth, is famous for its beautiful gardens and lakes and its picturesque natural beauty. Other famous places in Jammu and Kashmir include Leh and Ladakh, known for their dizzying heights and rugged landscape.

Blessed with diverse ecosystem, the fascinating Kashmir valley entices visitors to its magic of untouched natural and scenic beauty with lofty snow mountains, the unmatched glaciers, sparkling streams, rushing rivers, fascinating valleys, and emerald forests of the cool Chinars and lush evergreen conifers. The towering Pir Panjal and Korakaram ranges, increase humidity and cause precipitation in the form of snow. The winters are severely cold in Kashmir region with temperature often going down to below 0 deg C. Spring is pleasantly cold while summers are warm and autumn wet and cool.

Kashmiris form the major ethnic group in the valley and they speak Kashmiri and Urdu, with Urdu being the official language. The Valley has a Muslim majority population and Islam is practiced.

Jammu region comprises plains and foothills of the Shivalik range. The climate here depends on the altitude of the area. Lower hills and plains have a sub tropical climate with hot dry summers and mild winters. Summer temperature in Jammu has been recorded to be as high as 40 degree Celsius and winters seldom touch freezing point. The higher reaches of the Chenab valley have severe winters with occasional snow fall too.

Lying on the highest plateau of Karakoram Ranges in India; Ladhak is a high altitude desert as the Himalayas prevent the entry of monsoon clouds in the region. The winter snow and glaciers is melted and used for irrigation and drinking purpose. During winters temperature remains below the freezing point. The coldest place, Drass in Ladakh has recorded temperature of -50°C. Summer season is short but the thin air makes heat of the sun even more intense than at lower altitudes. It is believed that 'Only in Ladakh can a man sitting in the sun with his feet in the shade suffer from sunstroke n frostbite at the same time'.

Ladakh, is the greatest attraction for most foreigners visiting J&K. Predominantly Buddhist, the people are disarmingly friendly. Timeless monasteries are set between soaring peaks with villages nestling photogenic-ally in the calm highland deserts. Ladakh is entirely inaccessible by road beyond the summer season and one has to acclimatise with the high-altitude to spend time there.

Popular destinations in Jammu and Kashmir

Srinagar is the largest city and also the summer capital of Jammu and Kashmir. Located on the banks of the River Jhelum, in the Kashmir valley, Srinagar is famous for the Mughal gardens and the mesmerizingly placid Dal Lake, lined with an array of stationary houseboats.

Gulmarg, this hill station is a popular skiing destination. The breath taking beauty of the city surrounded by snow covered mountains, lush green meadows, deep ravines, evergreen forested hills and valleys is hard to define in words.

Katra, located around 42 kilometres from the city of Jammu; this small town generally serves as the base camp for the devotees visiting the world's great pilgrimages, the Vaishno Devi shrine.

Pahalgam, with untouched and gorgeous natural beauty, surrounded by alpine peaks, the Lidder and Seshnag Rivers, the pristine land leaves one wonderstruck.

Patnitop; water springs endless meadows and picturesque panoramic views of the snow capped peaks of the Himalayas makes Patnitop a perfect place to experience nature. Activities like skiing and trekking make it a popular tourist destination. A paragliding base and golf courses are located at Sanasar, 17 km away.

List of Districts in Jammu and Kashmir

S No.DistrictHeadquartersPopulation (Census 2011)Sex Ratio (per 1000)Average Literacy

Governance of the Districts of Jammu and Kashmir

The districts of Jammu and Kashmir are the administrative units of the state and have been further subdivided into blocks and tehsils that facilitate the government and administration of the districts.

The Siachen Glacier, though under the control of the Indian military does not come under the administration of the state of Jammu and Kashmir. Siachin is the world's largest non-polar glacier situated at an average altitude 17000 feet above sea level. It is the highest battleground on earth where India and Pakistan have been fighting intermittently since 1984 as it is located in the disputed region and is thus a hotly contested territory.

Jammu and Kashmir is the only state in India which has its own flag and constitution (which works under article 370 of the constitution of India). Indians living in other parts of the country cannot buy land or property in the state.

Last Updated on: May 26, 2022