North India States

The Northern part of India is endowed with immense topographical diversity, historical monuments, different cultures, wildlife parks and sanctuaries, holy temples and rivers and diversified climatic conditions. Most of the countries famous hill stations are situated in Northern India. The entire northern part of the country shares its borders with countries like; Pakistan, China, Nepal and Bhutan.

The North India states are the most frequented tourist's destinations in the country. Travelers from different parts of the country flock to places like Shimla, Nainital, Dharamshala, Dehradun etc during the summer months.

There are 6 North Indian States and one Union Territory namely;

List of North India States


Delhi is a Union Territory situated in the northern part of India. It is the second-largest city by population and the largest metropolitan by area in India. The city is known officially as the National Capital Territory of Delhi.

Demographics of Delhi

Delhi Facts
Country India
Territory Delhi
Official Languages English, Hindi, Punjabi, Urdu
Population 16,753,235
Coordionates 28°36'36"N 77°13'48"E
Time Zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Literacy Rate 86.34%


Haryana is a state situated in North India. It shares its borders with Punjab and Himachal Pradesh in the north, Rajasthan in the west and south and Uttarakhand and Uttar Pradesh in the east. Haryana is surrounded by Delhi on the northern, western and southern borders. Also quite a sizable portion of Haryana comes under the purview of the National Capital Region.

Demographics of Haryana

Haryana Facts
Country India
Capital Chandigarh
Area 44,212 sq. kms
Official Languages Haryanavi, Punjabi, English
Population 25,353,081
Coordinates 30.73°N 76.78°E
Time Zone IST (UTC+05:30)
Literacy Rate 71.4%

Himachal Pradesh

Himachal Pradesh is one of the most popular states in Northern India. It spans over an area of 21,495 sq mi (55,673 km2), and it shares its borders with Jammu and Kashmir in the north, Haryana and Uttar Pradesh in the south, Punjab in the west and south-west and Uttarakhand in the south-east. Himachal Pradesh literally means Region of snowy mountains.

Demographics of Himachal Pradesh

Himachal Pradesh Facts
Country India
Capital Shimla
Area 55,673 km2
Official Languages Hindi
Population 6,856,509
Coordionates 31°6'12"N 77°10'20"E
Time Zone IST (UTC+05:30)
Literacy Rate 83.78%

Jammu and Kashmir

Jammu and Kashmir is situated in the northernmost part of India. Jammu and Kashmir abounds in natural splendor mostly because of its geographic location. Nestled quietly in the Himalayan Mountains this state in India is filled with mountainous landscapes and numerous shrines. Jammu and Kashmir is bounded by Himachal Pradesh and Punjab in the south and the People's Republic of China in the north and east.

Jammu and Kashmir is divided mainly into three regions namely; Jammu, the Kashmir valley and Ladakh. Over the last few years Ladkah has evolved as an important tourist destination because of its remote mountains and Buddhist culture. Ladakh is also fondly termed as "Little Tibet.

Demographics of Jammu and Kashmir

Jammu and Kashmir Facts
Country India
Capital Jammu (winter), Srinagar (summer)
Area 222,236 km2
Official Languages Urdu, Kashmiri, Dogri
Population 12,548,926
Coordionates 33.45°N 76.24°E
Time Zone IST (UTC+05:30)
Literacy Rate 66.7%


Uttarakhand is a state located in northern India. It was formerly known as Uttaranchal and was craved out of the north-western districts of Uttar Pradesh and the adjoining Himalayan Ranges on 9 November 2000. It is also called the Land of Gods because of numerous holy Hindu temples found across the different cities in the state. Uttarakhand shares its borders with Nepal in the east the Tibet Autonomous Region in the north, Uttar Pradesh in the south, Haryana in the west and Himachal Pradesh in the North West.

Demographics of Uttarakhand

Uttarakhand Facts
Country India
Capital Dehradun
Area 53,566 km2
Official Languages Hindi, Sanskrit
Population 10,116,752
Coordionates 30.33°N 78.06°E
Time Zone IST (UTC+05:30)
Literacy Rate 72%


Punjab is another significant state situated in the northwest part of the India. It is one of the most naturally blessed states in the country. Punjab shares its borders with Jammu and Kashmir in the north, Himachal Pradesh in the east, Haryana in the south and Pakistani in the west. Chandigarh serves as the capital of both Punjab and Haryana.

Demographics of Punjab

Punjab Facts
Country India
Capital Chandigarh
Area 50,362 km2
Official Languages Punjabi
Population 27,704,236
Coordionates 30.79°N 76.78°E
Time Zone IST (UTC+05:30)
Literacy Rate 76.68%

Uttar Pradesh

Uttar Pradesh also popular as U.P, is a state situated in northern India. Uttar Pradesh is bordered by Nepal and Indian states such as Uttarakhand, Himachal Pradesh, Haryana, Delhi, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand and Bihar. It is the most populated state in India with a population of almost 199 million people. It is also known as the cultural cradle of India since it is believed to be the birthplace of Hinduism.

Demographics of Uttar Pradesh

Uttar Pradesh Facts
Country India
Capital Lucknow
Area 243,286 km2
Official Languages Hindi, Urdu
Population 199,581,477
Coordionates 26.85°N 80.91°E
Time Zone IST (UTC+05:30)
Literacy Rate 69.72%

Last Updated on : February 15, 2019