Andhra Pradesh

Andhra Pradesh is the third largest state in India with an area of 2,75,000 sq km. A state in the southern region of India, Andhra Pradesh is bordered on the south by Tamil Nadu, on the west by Karnataka, on the north and northwest by Maharashtra, on the northeast by Madhya Pradesh and Orissa, and on the east by the Bay of Bengal.

The northern area of Andhra Pradesh is mountainous. The highest peak Mahendragiri rises 1,500 m above the sea level. The climate is generally hot and humid. Annual rainfall is 125 cm. The Krishna and Godavari are the major rivers in the state.

Andhra Pradesh has a single-chamber Legislative Assembly of 295 seats. Till date, the state sent 60 members to the Indian national parliament, 18 to the Rajya Sabha (upper house) and 42 to the Lok Sabha (lower house).

The state of Andhra Pradesh will be bifurcated into two states, named as Telangana and Andhra Pradesh. The Andhra Pradesh Reorganisation Act, 2014 bill was passed in February 2014, in favour of the formation of the state of Telangana, which would comprise of 10 districts from north-western Andhra Pradesh. The new state shall come into existence from 2 June 2014 as the 29th state of India, after the President of India's approval. Both the states would have Hyderabad as its capital for ten years.

After the formation, Telangana would have 17 Lok Sabha and 119 assembly constituencies. The elections for the Lok Sabha and assembly seats took place in 2014. Andhra Pradesh will send 42 members to the Lok Sabha.

Andhra Pradesh Location Map
Andhra Pradesh Location Map

Andhra Pradesh Location Map

Andhra Pradesh Map
Andhra Pradesh Map

Andhra Pradesh Map

Andhra Pradesh Travel Map
Andhra Pradesh Travel Map

Andhra Pradesh Travel Map



History


Centuries ago, Andhra Pradesh was a major Buddhist centre and part of Emperor Ashoka's sprawling kingdom. Not surprisingly, traces of early Buddhist influence are still visible in several places in and around the state. After the death of Emperor Ashoka, the Satavahanas established their kingdom in this region. During the 7th century, the Chalukyas held sway over Andhra Pradesh until the 10th century, when the Cholas seized power. In the 14th century, Muslim power reached this southern state and for centuries ruled over this princely state, and finally was taken over by a General of the Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb in 1713. Read More.....

Andhra Pradesh - Facts


Below is a table representing important facts about Andhra Pradesh

 

Facts on Andhra Pradesh

 
Geography of Andhra Pradesh


The state is formed of two main topographic sections. The eastern part of the state is composed of the Deccan plateau and the Eastern Ghats. The northern part of the state is formed of the Telangana region, while the southern portion of the state is identified as Rayalaseema. The Rayalaseema and the Telangana region are delimited by River Krishna. The Telangana region will be formed into a separate state, post the bifurcation of Andhra Pradesh, and will be named as Telangana.Read More.....


Economy and Infrastructure


Agriculture is the most important sector of Andhra Pradesh's economy. About 70% of the population is engaged in agriculture, and the state is one of India's main rice-producing areas. The main crops are rice, maize, millets, pulses, castor, tobacco, cotton, sugarcane, groundnut and bananas. The covered forest area in the state is about 23%, and important forest products include teak, eucalyptus, cashew, bamboo and soft wood. Some of the major industries in the state are machine tools, synthetic drugs, pharmaceuticals, heavy electrical machinery, ships, fertilizers, electronic equipment, aeronautical parts, cement and cement products, chemicals, asbestos, glass and watches. Read More.....

Society, Art and Culture


Over 85% of the population of Andhra Pradesh speaks Telugu. Tamil is widely spoken in the extreme southern region, and on the border of Karnataka there are few Kanarese or Kannad speakers. In Hyderabad there are large numbers of Urdu speakers who make up about 7% of the state's population.

Hindu festivals such as Dasara, Deepavali, Sri Ramanavami, Krishna Janmastami, Vinayaka Chavithi (Ganesh Chaturthi) and Maha Sivarathri are celebrated in the State. Similarly, Muslim festivals such as Bakr-id and Id-ul-Fitr, and Christian festivals like Christmas, Easter and New Year's Day are also celebrated with gaiety. But the celebrations of Ugadi (Telugu New Year's day), Sankranti, Dasara, and Vinayaka Chavithi in the state are unique. Read More.....

Tourism of Andhra Pradesh


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Andhra Pradesh Map
Andhra Pradesh Travel Map


Andhra Pradesh is rich in historical monuments and many holy temples. Tirupati in the Chittoor district houses one of the most famous temples in India. The presiding deity is known as Venkateswara. The main temple is situated on a hill top, Tirumala, and is a masterpiece of south Indian architecture. The main tourist attraction is the capital of the state, Hyderabad. The capital is in reality, the twin cities of Hyderabad and Secunderabad linked together by the Hussain Sagar Lake. Places of interest are the Char Minar built in 1591, Osmania University, State Museum and Art gallery, Health Museum, Public Gardens, Birla Mandir and Macca Masjid.Read More.....



Last Updated on 20 June 2013