The Indian Census began in 1872 and it is the largest source of statistics on the people of India
. It brings out statistics every 10 years. For scholars and researchers, the Indian Census is an interesting data source.
The census is available on various subjects: Population, Economy, Finance, Literacy, Sex ratio etc. There are sub topics in each subject, which deal with specific issues of that subject. IMR Rate, Birth Rate, death Rate in Population, Workers in Various sectors, Male Workers Female Workers, etc, in Economy, Female Literacy, Male Literacy in Literacy and so on.