The Indian civilisation is one of the most ancient civilizations in the world. The Indus Valley Civilization, which dates back from 3300 to 1300 BCE, was one of the earliest civilizations in the region that now comprises the Indian subcontinent. Over the years, India has been governed by different rulers and dynasties, finally culminating in the British Raj.
Several dynasties such as the Mauryas, Guptas, Cholas, Chalukyas, and Pallavas have left an indelible mark on the history of the country. South India is home to some famous ancient temples that are stunning to behold. In the East, places like Bodh Gaya where Gautama Buddha attained enlightenment, Sanchi Stupa and the Nalanda University still hold remnants of the rich past. Aurangabad, in Maharashtra, was the capital of the Tughlaqs and the Daulatabad Fort is one of the most famous attractions of the Tughlaq era. The Nizams made Hyderabad their capital, which is famous for its historical forts and monuments such as the Falaknuma Palace, Golconda Fort and grand monuments of the Charminar.
The Architectural Wonders of the Mughals and the Rajputs
The Mughal and Rajput eras are of great significance in the history of India and are well known for their rich cultural traditions, as well as the majestic architectural styles that are depicted in the temples, mosques, monuments, palaces and other heritage buildings constructed during that period. Rajasthan, Old Delhi, Madhya Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh to name a few, comprise some amazing monuments that have achieved fame around the world. Taj Mahal, which is one of the Seven Wonders of the World, is located in Agra and speaks of the eternal love of Emperor Shah Jahan for his wife Mumtaz Mahal. Millions of tourists from around the world fly down to Agra just to catch a glimpse of this magnificent monument.
Red Fort, Humayun's Tomb, Jama Masjid, Fatehpur Sikri, and Agra Fort are some other splendid examples of Mughal architecture in North India. The palaces and forts in Rajasthan are exquisite examples of the Rajput architecture. Built by the Rajputs, Amber Fort, Hawa Mahal, City Palace and Jantar Mantar are some of the popular historical destinations in Jaipur. Jodhpur is home to the famous Mehrangarh Fort and Umaid Bhawan Palace. The Chittorgarh city is famous for the fierce battles that were fought here and also the heroic sacrifices that were made.
Relics of the Colonial Past
With its vast diversity in culture, natural beauty, arable lands and business prospects, India has been the centre of interest for foreign powers such as the French, the Portuguese and the British. The marks of their rules are evident till date. The churches, temples and colonial buildings in Puducherry reflect French-style architecture. Goa, which is renowned for its beautiful beaches and mesmerising locations, was under Portuguese rule. Churches, including the famous Basilica of Bom Jesus, reflect the Portuguese architectural styles. One of the most dominant colonial powers in India, the British ruled the country for almost 200. The Gateway of India and the Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus in Mumbai, the elegant Victoria Memorial in Kolkata and the India Gate in New Delhi are few such monuments built during the British period and have become iconic over time.
From palaces and forts to temples, mosques, churches, monuments and buildings, India surely has established itself as one of the perfect tourist destinations for those who love to explore the ancient times and relive that era.
List of Historical Places in India
|Jammu and Kashmir|
Last Updated on : May 8, 2015