On November 1, 2000, India gave birth to a new state called Chhattisgarh. The new state is carved out of India's largest state, Madhya Pradesh which spreads over an area of 443,000 square kilometers. Though the acquired area of 135,194 square kilometers accounts for only 30 per cent of the total area of Chhattisgarh, the state is still a considerable size, which is equivalent to almost sixteen times the size of Kerala.
The demand for the new state can be traced to a meeting of the Raipur district Congress in 1924 when the idea of a separate entity of Chhattisgarh was mooted. The leaders who took part in that meeting were of the view that the region of Chhattisgarh was culturally and historically distinct from the rest of Madhya Pradesh.
India's latest state has its Capital at Raipur and the High Court at Bilaspur. The Capital may be shifted later to Nandghat, about midway between Raipur and Bilaspur on the banks of the Shivnad River. Bastar, Bilaspur, Dantewara, Dhamtari, Durg, Janjgir, Jashpur, Kanker, Kavardha, Korba, Mahasamund, Raigarh, Raipur, Rajnandgaon, Sarguja and West Sarguja are the sixteen districts of Chhattisgarh.
Of the 320 MLAs in Madhya Pradesh, 90 belong to the districts of Chhattisgarh. They have become the members of the Legislative Assembly of the new state. Chhattisgarh sends 11 members to the Lok Sabha and five members to the Rajya Sabha.
History of Chhattisgarh
The history of Chhattisgarh, which was called as South Kosala goes back to the 4th century AD. The mythological history of the state can be traced back to the days of Mahabarata and the Ramayana. The Haihaya dynasty ruled Chhattisgarh for six centuries during the 14th century. During the middle ages, Chalukya dynasty established its rule in Bastar. Annmdev was the first Chalukya ruler, who founded the dynasty in Bastar in 1320. In 1741, the kingdom was seized by the Marathas from the Haihaya dynasty. After conquering bthe kingdom during 1745 AD, Raghunathsinghji, the last descendant of the Ratanpur house was forced to leave the area. So finally in the year 1758, Chhattisgarh was conquered by Marathas and Bimbaji Bhonsle was appointed as the ruler. After the demise of Bimbaji Bhonsle, suba system was followed by the Marathas. It was an era of unrest and misrule. Maratha army was involved in large-scale loot and ransack. More...
The state of Chhattisgarh was formed by integrated 16 districts of Madhya Pradesh that held together by a strong linguistic barrier. The state came into being in the new millennium on 1st November 2000. The area of Chattisgarh is estimated to be 1,35,000 sq. km. Chhattisgarh stretches across the latitudinal expanse of 17°46' North to 24°05'North on one hand to the longitudinal meridian of 80°15' East to 84°20' East on the other. Dense forests that cover 44% of the state's area mark the divergent topography of the state. Chattisgarh claims nearly 12% of India's total forest area that accounts for tremendous biodiversity as well as a rich collection of timber and variegated species of wildlife. More...
Economy of Chhattisgarh
The newly formed state is richly endowed with natural resources. Its forest revenue which alone accounts for 44% of the total state's forest revenue has been the main source of income of Madhya Pradesh. It has rich deposits of limestone, iron-ore, copper-ore, rock phosphate, manganese ore, bauxite, coal, asbestos and mica that contribute to around 48% of Madhya Pradesh's revenue from minerals. Agriculture is the main activity for the population of 1,76,00,000 of this landlocked state enveloped by Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Odisha, Bihar and Uttar Pradesh and of course Madhya Pradesh. 80% of the population is engaged in agriculture which is one crop a year. Chhattisgarh is known as the Rice Bowl of India and supplies food grains to 600 rice mills. More...
Government and Politics
Though the bifurcation of the larger state of Madhya Pradesh and the birth of Chhattisgarh was considerably a peaceful process, the demand for a state to preserve the ethnic identities of the people here itself gave birth to certain new chapters in the history of India. This has made the formation of this new state an important issue for the whole nation. Presently, the Executive head of the Chhattisgarh government, Shri Shekhar Dutt, the governor, has resigned. The legislative head is Chief Minister Dr Raman Singh. More...
Chhattisgarh Wildlife Sanctuaries has made it an important destination on the tourism map of India. Chhattisgarh has 3 National Parks and 11 Wildlife Sanctuaries gifted with their unparalleled natural beauty and diverse and rich flora and fauna. Indravati National Park is the most famous wildlife sanctuary of the state of Chhattisgarh. It has several wildlife sanctuaries in secure areas such as Barnawapara Wildlife Sanctuary, Tamor Pingla, Kanger Ghati National Park, Pamed, Sanjay National Park, Semarsot, Sitanadi Wildlife Sanctuary, Udanti Wildlife Sanctuary, Achanakmar Wildlife Sanctuary, Badalkhol, Bhairamgarh, Gomarda wildlife sanctuaries etc.More...
People, Culture and Festivals
The picturesque state of Chhattisgarh abounds in natural splendor and is an idyllic mix of the pastoral and the urban. The state is also a hub of Central India's cultural extravaganzas that is evinced by the friendly and vivacious people, culture and festivals of Chhattisgarh. Chhattisgarh is a nascent state that was formed by integrating 16 districts of Madhya Pradesh that were held together by the fine thread of a common Chhattisgarhi dialect. The people are mainly tribals who speak Hindi and Chhattasgarhi and hive harmoniously amongst each other. They are diligent and hard working and mainly work in the numerous mines and factories in the state. The tribal people are very talented and creative and their expertise is manifested in the exquisite traditional handicrafts. More...
Tourism in Chhattisgarh
Evolving as an important tourists center Chhattisgarh is home to several tourists' attractions. Major tourist centers in the state are Amarkantak, Banjari Baba, Bhoramdev, Champaranya, Chitrakoot, Dudhadharimath, Indrawati National Park, Kangerghati National Park, Jagdalpur, Bastar, Danteswari Temple, and many more.
Tourist Attractions in Chhattisgarh
Below is a list of the popular Tourist Attractions in Chhattisgarh
The Chitrakote Falls is one of the prime attractions situated in the District of Bastar in Chhattisgarh. The waterfall has a length of almost 29 meters. The best thing about this waterfall is that the color of the water changes according to the change in season.
Kanker is a true gem in the crown of Chhattisgarh. Kanker is a quaint little old town that boasts of abundant natural beauty. The town happens to be almost thousand years old. Travelers come from different parts of the country to see the enchanting forests, cascading waterfalls and unending landscapes of this town. Kanker also has an ancient palace that once belonged to the royal family of the state.
This is also known as the Khajuraho of Chhattisgarh due to its resemblance to the masterpiece. Bhoramdeo temple is situated in the Kabirdham district of the state. The temple is dedicated to Lord Shiva and has some of the finest carved sculptures on its exteriors.
Hot spring Known as Taat Pani:
Taat Pani is the popular hot spring in Chhattisgarh in the in Sarguja district. This hot spring is known to have medicinal properties and it flows continuously throughout the year. More...
How to Reach Chhattisgarh
- By Train
Traveling to Chhattisgarh by rail is relatively easy. Bilaspur, Durg and Raipur connect Chhattisgarh to almost all major Indian cities and towns. Infact the railway network of the state centers around Bilaspur which also happens to be the zonal headquarters of the South East Central Railway of theIndian Railways.
- By Road
The road network of Chhattisgarh has improved a lot in the last five years. There are a number of national and state highways that connect Chhattisgarh to the cities and towns in India. Some of the important National Highways that pass through Chhattisgarh are; National Highway 6, National Highway 43, National and Highway National Highway 78. There are 11 National Highways in the state.
- By Air
Since Chhattisgarh is relative new it does not have a well defined air network. Raipur which is the capital of the state is the only city in Chhattisgarh that is connected by air. Raipur shares a strong air network with cities like; Delhi, Bombay, Jaipur, Nagpur, Bhubaneswar, Kolkata, Bhopal, Indore, Ahmedabad Gwalior, Vizag, Hyderabad and Bangalore. More...
Hotels of Chhattisgarh
Chhattisgarh is among the upcoming tourists destinations of the country. Numerous hotels have been dotting the region over the last few years. The hotels in Chhattisgarh are reputed for their hospitality and services and suit the needs of most travelers. Chhattisgarh is one of the recent states in India. On 1 November 2000 16 Chhattisgarhi-speaking districts of the state of Madhya Pradesh were given a separate statehood. Raipur is the capital and the biggest city of Chhattisgarh. Chhattisgarh occupies an area of 52,199 sq meters in India. It happens to be the 10th-largest state in the country according to area. It is one of the most naturally gifted states in India. Steel and power are the major industries of the state. Chhattisgarh accounts for 15 per cent of the total steel produced in the country. More...
The Chhattisgarh population constitutes of 2.0795 crore as per the census of 2001. The newly formed state of Chhattisgarh is densely populated with one hundred and fifty four persons per square kilometer. The four important districts of Raipur, Durg, Surguja and Bilaspur support maximum population of the state. The rural areas of Chhattisgarh are more populated than the urban areas. However in the recent years, most of the population of rural Chhattisgarh migrated to the urban areas in search of better jobs and higher standards of living. Most of the districts of Chhattisgarh depend on agriculture because of low level of industrialization. The districts of Bilaspur and Rajnandgaon have the lowest urban population of only six percent. More...
Last Updated on: 3/07/2013