Chhattisgarh Government & Politics have added some new leaves to the political records in India. Though the bifurcation of the larger state of Madhya Pradesh and the birth of Chhattisgarh was considerably a peaceful process.
The existing government was formed by the Bharatiya Janata Party in the year 2003 after they procuring the majority of seats in the election of the state legislative assembly. The important departments of the government of Chhattisgarh are Police department, Agriculture department, general administration department, labor department, finance and planning and the water resources department. Politics in Chhattisgarh is a very competitive field. The major national parties in the state are Bharatiya Janata Party and the Indian National Congress. The Bahujan Samaj Party and the Gondwana Party are the two most important state parties in Chhattisgarh. The Chhattisgarh Government & Politics is still guided by the various regional issues that led to the formation of this new state.
Government of Chhattisgarh
The existing Chhattisgarh government was formed in the year 2003 by the Bharatiya Janata Party after they procured the majority of seats in the state elections. The three divisions of the government of Chhattisgarh are the executive, legislative and the judiciary.
Dr Raman Singh is the chief minister of the state of Chhattisgarh. He was elected as an MLA during the elections of 1990 and 1993. Later in the year 1999 he was elected as a MP.
Shri Sivraj Singh is the chief secretary of the state of Chhattisgarh. The additional chief secretaries are Shri B K S Ray and Shri V K Kapoor.
The cabinet of ministers working under the guidance of Dr Raman Singh, leads different departments of the government. Shri Hemchand Yadav is in charge of food, water resources, civil supplies, transport, and labor and consumer protection. Shri Nanki Ram Kanwar is the minister in charge of the departments taking care of agriculture, fisheries, animal husbandry and forest. The departments related to sports, youth and school education are taken care of by Shri Medha Ram Sahu.
There are various other departments and institutions functioning under the Chhattisgarh government. Some of them are related to tribal welfare, panchayat and rural development, revenue, law and legal affairs, etc.
Chhattisgarh Political Parties
The two most prominent national political parties that are present in the state of Chhattisgarh are the Bharatiya Janata Party and the Indian National Congress. The two parties have played an important role in the elections of the state conducted in the year 2003.
Some of the Chhattisgarh political parties of the state are the Bahujan Samaj Party, the Chhattisgarh Mukti Morcha, Chhattisgarh Samaj Party and the Gondwana Party.
Having won the last elections in the state, the Bhartiya Janata party has formed the government in the state of Chhattisgarh. The political parties in Chhattisgarh have several representatives from the tribal communities. Of the 146 blocks in the state of Chhattisgarh, 85 are representatives of the tribal communities who occupy 32 percent of the state population. The women also play an active role by participating in politics in Chhattisgarh. Of the 62 women contestants in the elections of 2003, 5 of them have been elected to the assembly.
State Parties of Chhattisgarh
A total of five state parties of Chhattisgarh participated in the elections of the state in the year 2003. The contesting national parties were six in number. Other than these the state has seventeen registered unrecognized parties and an independent candidate participating in the elections. The Bahujan Samaj Party of Chhattisgarh with its party symbol of the elephant contested for 54 seats in the legislative assembly of the state in the 2003 elections of Chhattisgarh. The party was able to procure 2 seats. 46 were forfeited deposits of the party. The total number of votes received by the state party in Chhattisgarh was 429334. Due to the performance of the state in more than four states of the country, the election commission of India has recognized the Bahujan Samaj Party as a national party. The party fights for the problems of the weaker sections of the society. The Gondwana Party functions in the state of Maharashtra and Madhya Pradesh as well. The party is influential in the newly formed state of Chhattisgarh. The Gondwana Party contested for 41 seats in the elections of 2003. The party won 156916 votes in the elections. Some of the other state parties of Chhattisgarh are the Janata Dal and Samajwadi Party. The Shivsena Party, which is prominent in the state of Maharashtra, also has representatives in the state of Chhattisgarh. The Jharkhand Mukti Morcha is also a representative state party of the Chhattisgarh state.
National Parties of Chhattisgarh
The Chhattisgarh national parties comprise chiefly of the Bharatiya Janata Party and the Indian National Congress. The state also has several other political parties of national importance contesting elections in the state of Chhattisgarh. After the elections of 2003, the Bharatiya Janata Party emerged as the political party with the majority of votes in the state of Chhattisgarh. The Bharatiya Janata Party was formed in 1980 as an independent party after it broke its alliance with the Janata Party. Since then the party has emerged as a major political party in many states like Gujarat, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Orissa, Haryana and in the newly formed state of Chhattisgarh. The party has the support of the tribal community that forms 32 percent of the population in the state of Chhattisgarh. The leaders of the tribal communities occupy 85 blocks of the 146 in the state. Of the 34 seats that belong to the tribal community in the legislative assembly of the state, 26 of them are occupied by the supporters of the Baratiya Janata Party in Chhattisgarh. Seven other tribal seats are occupied by supporters of the Indian National Congress. The Indian National Congress is the oldest political national party of the country. The party has contested elections and won only a few seats in the Chhattisgarh legislative assembly. The Indian National Congress forms the opposition party in the assembly gathering its forces to contest and win the elections in the next session against the Baratiya Janata Party.
Government Departments and Institutions
The Chhattisgarh government departments and institutions aid in the governance of the state. The departments of the Chhattisgarh government allocate the resources of the state ensuring maximum utilization of the resources without exhausting it. The departments conduct research to improve the sectors ascertaining growth and development. Popularly known as the 'Rice Bowl of India', the state of Chhatisgarh has 58.81 lakh hectares of land under cultivation. Almost 80 percent of the people of the state are dependent on agriculture for their source of living. The agricultural department ascertains that the agricultural sector is endowed with all facilities to realize its true potential. The department attempts to achieve multiple cropping in the arable lands and also to increase the productivity of the agro based small-scale industries of the state. The department of finance ensures equitable distribution of the revenue of the state in the various sectors. Some of the other prominent departments of Chhattisgarh are the labor department and the police department and the department of general administration.
The various other departments of the Chhattisgarh are:
- Department of Commercial Industry
- Aviation Department
- Forest Department
- Department of Social Welfare
- Transport Department
- Energy Department
- Tribal Department
- Department of Animal Husbandry
- Department of Public Relation
- Department of Sports and Youth Welfare
- Department of Technical Education
- Department of Women and Child Development
- Tourism Department
- Registrar Forms
- Mining Department
The Chhattisgarh Agricultural Department assists in allocation of the resources and planning to benefit the agricultural sector of the state of Chhattisgarh. The state has 58.81 lakh hectares of arable land and 80 percent of the total population is dependent on the sector. The agricultural department of Chhattisgarh tries to enhance the productivity of the cultivated land in the state. The agricultural department in Chhattisgarh attempts to achieve total mechanization of the arable lands in the state. The department ensures the availability of power in the agricultural sector to facilitate the use of machines in the fields for harvesting, seed processing, seedbed preparation and threshing. The use of machines will also ensure the low cost of production in this sector allowing the farmers to earn more profits. The agricultural department encourages the use of pesticides and insecticides to protect the crop from devastation. The department encourages the agricultural sector of Chhattisgarh to use high yielding variety seeds. The department attempts to reduce the dependency of the farmers on the monsoon showers by increasing the irrigation potential of the state. The farmers are encouraged to practice crop rotation to retain the fertility of the soil. The department of agriculture in Chhattisgarh ascertains the easy availability of funds at cheaper rates of interest to the tillers of the soil. The efforts of the Chhattisgarh agricultural department has facilitated in the increase in production of crops in the state. The high productivity of the state has earned it the name of the 'Rice Bowl of India'.
Finance and planning
Chhattisgarh finance and planning is operated by the department of finance and planning spearheaded by the Honorable Chief Minister of the state, Dr. Raman Singh. The various sections of the department works to ensure the equitable collection and distribution of the revenue to all sectors of the society. The department's proposal related to finance and planning is for the period 1-4-2006 to 31-12-2006. The department comprises of officers like Mr. D.S.Mishra who is the Executive head and other Executives like Mr. Jay Singh, Mrs. Renu.G.Pille (I.A.S), Mr.Awadh Bihari, (I.A.S) and Mr.P.K. Bishi as the Special Executive. Joint executives comprise of Mr.K.R.Mishra and Mr. Kishore Pariyar. The departments comprise of the finance department, trade tax department and the planning department. The chief work of the department is that of treasury accounting and regulation and releasing of the pension. The Treasury accounting and pension department was established on 1st Nov 2000. The department keeps a record of all the transactions done by the various departments of the state and also compiles a monthly record of the income and expenditure by various departments of the state. It also takes into account the proper and regular disbursal of salaries and pensions of the working as well as retired employees. The department was previously non-computerized. In order to make the working more effective and less time consuming the department has been computerized from 04 Nov 2004 and connected to the main server. The state's income expenditure records are maintained and are available in the main server. Pension accounts have also been computerized. The department of Chhattisgarh Finance and Planning has introduced schemes like the Anshdai pension scheme and the E-chalan.
The Chhattisgarh Police Department is responsible for the detection and prevention of crime in the state of Chhattisgarh. The effective working of the police department of Chhattisgarh has helped in achieving a safe and secure society in the state. The police department falls under the administration of the home ministry. The honorable home minster, Mr. Ramvichar Netam is the administrative head of the department. Other executives of the department include Mr R.P Jain, V.K.S Ray, Mr Subhash Atre and Mr S.P Sori. The police department of Chhattisgarh is segregated into a number of departments like the administration department, organizational department, crime detection department, special department, Chhattisgarh police force and the training section. The state of Chattisgarh has experienced industrialization and development and growth in population. The boom in the society has led to an increase in crime in the state. As compared to 2005, in the year 2006 there has been an increase in the crime rate by 3.53%. The performance of the police department has increased as well. The naxal movement is prevalent in the state of Chhattisgarh. The police department has encountered the naxalites previously 326 times and has been successful in arresting 242 of them. The police department has also assisted in conducting the elections of the state without any hindrance from the antisocial groups in the state.
General Administration Department
The Chhattisgarh General Administration Department is responsible for the administration in the government offices. The department doles out laws for the conduct in the various offices and sections of the government. The department is sphere headed by the Honorable Chief Minister of the state, Dr Raman Singh.
The different sections that fall under the administrative powers of the department of general administration of Chhattisgarh are the following:
- Raj Bhavan
- Public Service Commission
- Anti Corruption Bureau
- Human Rights Bureau
- Administrative Academy
- State Election Commission
- State Government Departments
The department supervises and decides on the code of conduct in the various sections of the state government. The department doles out laws for the various divisions of the state government. The payable salary of the ministers of the state and the secretaries are decided by the department. The department of general administration in Chhattisgarh releases the notice that declares the recruitment of the government officials or their resignation from the office. The Human Rights section of the department investigates on the complaints received on the breach of human rights. It is necessary for the department to notify and report to the Human Rights Commission of the country. The Chhattisgarh General Administration Department tries to improve the working conditions in the government offices. It is responsible for increasing the awareness among the working members of the departments. The department acknowledges the presence and system of work of the workers' union and indulges in discussions with them to improve the working conditions of the government employees.
Chhattisgarh Water Resource Department
The Chhattisgarh Water Resource Department is responsible for the adequate distribution and allocation of water in the different sectors of the society in Chhattisgarh. The department also undertakes various irrigation schemes in the state of Chhattisgarh. The department is spearheaded by Sri Hemchand Yadav. The authoritarian head of the department is Mr Mahesh Baghel. The executive body comprises of the other members like Mr. Sunil Kujur, Mr. Dilip Vasnikar and Mr. V.N.V Nayar. The department has demarcated several work areas under its jurisdiction. The state is watered by the chief rivers of South India like the Mahanadi, Godavari and the Rihand. The water resource department of Chhattisgarh ensures the proper distribution of the water of the non-perennial rivers to all the sectors of the society. The agricultural sector of the state is dependent on the monsoonal showers for their crop cultivation. Proper irrigation facilities made available by the department, has reduced the dependency of the farmers on the seasonal rains.
The Chhattisgarh Water Resource Department has several responsibilities that are listed below:
- To estimate the requirement of water for the state.
- The department is responsible for framing a policy for the effective utilization of water and to issue guidelines from time to time at regular intervals to make it more effective.
- To bring coordination in the development of all the water resources.
- To make policies regarding the irrigation area of the state.
- Regular monitoring and control of the proposed plans.
Headed by the Honorable Chief minister, Dr. Raman Singh, the government of Chhattisgarh is divided into several Chhattisgarh ministries. The cabinet ministers aid the Chief Minister to administer the various ministries and departments of the government. The Honorable Chief Minister of the state has the authority of governance over the ministries of finance, aviation, mining, public relations, planning and statistics, information and technology and biotechnology. The chief minister also heads the department that receives and accepts public grievances. The Home ministry is under the administration of Sri Ram Vichar Netam. The cabinet minister is also the chief of the ministries that administer the jails and the cooperatives of the state of Chhattisgarh.The agricultural ministry of the state is headed by Sri Megharam Sahu. The ministry also has binary ministries of animal husbandry and fisheries administered by the agricultural minister himself. Sri Brij Mohan Agarwal administers the ministries of revenue and rehabilitation, forest, law and legal affairs, culture and tourism and the ministry of sports and youth welfare. The minister is also responsible for the department of religious trusts and endowments.
Some of the other important ministries of the state of Chhattisgarh are the following:
- Urban Administration
- Ministry of Parliamentary Affairs
- Ministry of Transport and Communication
- Panchayat and Rural Development Ministry
- Ministry of Health and Family Welfare
Chattisgarh Public Service Commission
It was established to guide the Government regarding various issues concerning the Civil service. It also advises on the appointments in the Chattisgarh Public Service Commission. The Commission was founded on 23rd May 2001, under Article 315 of the Indian constitution. Chhattisgarh Public Service Commission conducts examinations for the recruitment of employees in various Government department like Agriculture, Cooperation, Fisheries and Animal Husbandry Department, Rural Industries Department, Tourism Department, Directorate of Institutional Finance (DIF), Finance Department, Public Works Department (PWD), Forest Department, General Administration Department (IAS Establishment), Health and Family Welfare Department, Jail Department, Public Health Engineering Department, Women and Child Development Department. The retired Police commissioner Mohan Shukla was the first chairman and B.L.Tiwari was the first secretary of Chattisgarh Public Service Commission. The office is located at Shankar Nagar, near Bhagat Singh Chowk of Raipur. The constitution of India has designated a number of responsibilities to the commission.
The functions and responsibilities of the Commission are as follows:
- To carry on the recruitment in various State, Subordinate and Ministerial Services.
- To conduct departmental examinations for Government employees.
- To advice the Government on all issues related to the recruitment process.
- To advice the Government on disciplinary matters related to the Government employees.
- To advice the Government on transfers, appointments and promotions of the Government servants.
Chhattisgarh Parliamentary Constituencies
In Chhattisgarh, there are eleven Parliamentary Constituencies. The constituencies are
From the Parliamentary Constituencies of Chhattisgarh the canditates contest in the parliamentary elections. From each of the constituencies more than one canditate contest for the seats. From the Surjuga constituency, members from Bharatiya Janata Party, Bahujan Samaj Party, Samajwadi Party, Gondvana Gantantra Party, Jharkhand Mukti Morcha and independent allies contest the election. From the Raigarh constituency 5 candidates stood for the election. They were from Bahujan Samaj Party, Bharatiya Janata Party, Gondvana Gantantra Party, Samajwadi Party and Indian National Congress. From the Parliamentary Constituency of Janjgir, 16 candidates stood for the election, of which 5 were independent candidates. Seven candidates stood from the Parliamentary Constituency of Bilaspur. Two of the candidates were from independent parties and others were from Bharatiya Janata Party, Indian National Congress, Bahujan Samaj Party, Gondvana Gantantra Party and Samajwadi Party.
Chhattisgarh Assembly Constituencies
Chhattisgarh Assembly Constituencies have important role in the politics of Chhattisgarh. The state capital of Chhattisgarh is Raipur. It emerged as an independent state in India in November 2000. Chhattisgarh is divided into sixteen districts. The total number of Assembly Constituencies of Chhattisgarh is ninety. Some of the leading political parties in Chhattisgarh are Bharatiya Janata Dal, Bahujan Samaj Party, Communist Party of India(Marxist), Indian National Congress, Janata Dal United, Samajwadi Party and Gondvana Gantantra Party. Candidates from different political parties contests for Chhattisgarh Assembly Constituencies.
The names of the districts of Chhatisgarh with their Assembly Constituencies are given below:
Last Updated on: 6/6/2013