As one of the oldest tribal places of Odisha, Kendujhar has a number of ancient rocks and cave paintings, some of which even date backs to the Gupta Dynasty.
Kendujhar covers an area of 8,240 Sq. Km and is geographically located between 21°1' North and 22° 10' North latitude and 85° 11' East to 86° 22' East longitude. It is bounded in the North by Singhbhum district of Jharkhand, in the South by Jajpur of Orissa, in the West lies Dhenkanal and Sundargarh and in the East is located Mayurbhanj and Bhadrak. The topography of the district is varied with waterfalls, meandering rivers, streams, mountains, hills etc.
As per the 2001 census the total population of Kendujhar district is 15,61,990 comprising of 7,90,036 Males and 7,71,954 Females. Out of the total population 13,48,967 comprises of the rural population and 2,13,023 is the urban population. The district is divided into three sub-divisions, eight Tahasils, thirteen Blocks, fifty Revenue Circles, 286 Gram Panchayats, six Towns, three Municipalities and 2135 Inhabited Villages.
The length of Kendujhar district from north to south is about 145 km and the average breadth from East to West is nearly 65 km. It district is geographically divided into two divergent tracts-the lower Kendujhar and the upper Kendujhar. The lower Kendujhar is a region with valleys and low lands, while the upper Kendujhar comprises of mountainous highlands.
Almost half of the total area of Kendujhar which is nearly 4043 sq. km. is covered by forests. These forests have Northern tropical moist deciduous type of trees and contains species like Piasal, Sal, Asan, etc. The river Baitarani originates from the Gonasika Hills and moves towards the north of the district.
Last Updated on : 8 July 2013