Foundation and Construction
Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II, who gave the city its name, laid the foundation stone of the 'Pink City' in the year 1728. The layout of the city was planned by Vidyadhar Bhattacharya, a descendant of the Shaspati lineage. Shilpa Shastra and the Pithapada form the keystone of his vision. Jaipur has been built in alignment with rules of the grid method of construction. Nine rectangular-shaped chokris or city spheres laid out in broad, spruced up roads comprise the avant-garde architectural framework of Jaipur. Bolstered by munitions to ward off any foreign attack, Jaipur in its entire pink splendour is a fascinating spectacle to behold.
Interesting legends surround the birth of Jaipur. It is said that Raja Sawai Jai Singh II conceptualised the creation of Jaipur led by reasons like the growing head count, the paucity of water resources and the gradual demise of the Mughal aura. The charismatic ruler's sound understanding of engineering science is reflected in every nook and corner of Jaipur.
The maharaja is also credited with the construction of the amazing Jantar Mantar or the famous observatory. It was built between 1728 and 1734. An interesting piece of information for quiz buffs is that the incredibly talented Raja is said to have contrived a mechanism for watering the sprawling acres of Amber Fort, at the tender age of thirteen.
The City Palace of Jaipur forms the cynosure of attraction, both literally and metaphorically. It comprises the Olympian palace, the Jantar Mantar and the Janana Mahals or the dwelling of the Maharanis'. A fervent devotee of Lord Krishna, the King re-established the idol of the blue-hued God, at Jaipur in the year 1719.
A real connoisseur of art and culture, Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh's court witnessed an unprecedented spurt of activities in the cultural sphere. Distinguished intellectuals made a beeline for the esteemed Raja's durbar.
Strewn with remnants of yesteryears, Jaipur houses some of the exquisite tourist highlights. Some of the must-see destinations of the Pink City are:
- City Palace
- Hawa Mahal
- Amer Fort
- Nahargarh Fort
- Govind Devji Temple
- Niwas Bagh
- Vidyadharji Ka Bagh
- Sisodia Rani Ka Bagh
- Jaigarh Fort
- Moti Doongri
- Jal Mahal
How to Reach?
Travelling by air is the most convenient way to reach Jaipur. The Jaipur Airport in Sanganer is about 12 kilometres away from the main city. Both domestic and international flights connect it to other cities across the globe. The city is also easily reachable from other cities via railways. Rajasthan State Road Transport Corporation (RSRTC) regularly plies Volvo and deluxe buses between Jaipur and other cities.
|Zone||Moti Dungri Zone, Hawa Mahal East, Hawa Mahal West, Vidyadhar Nagar, Civil Line, Sanganer, Amber, Mansarovar|
|Lat Long||26.908787, 75.781631|
|Area||43.17 sq miles (111.8 km2)|
|Population as per 2011||3,073,350|
|Official Languages||Hindi, Punjabi|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|Transport||Air, Road, Rail, Metro|
|Vehicle registration||RJ-14 (Jaipur), RJ-45 (Jaipur North)|
|Food and Cuisine||Dal, Baati, Lashun-Ki-Chutney, Mirchi-Bada, Gatte-Ki-Sabji, Bajre Ki Roti, Kadhi, Churma, Gujia, Halwa, Imarti, Ghevar etc.|
|Religion||Hindus, Muslim, Jains|
|Festival||Camel Festival, Beneshwar Fair, Nagaur Fair, Desert Festival, Elephant Festival, Mewar Festival, Gogaji Fair, Kaliteej, Ramdevra Fair, Marwar Festival, Dusshera, Pushkar Fair, Kolyat Fair, Gangaur Fair, Kaila Devi Fair, Mahavir Ji Fair, Summer Festival Mt.Abu (June), Teej Festival, Kite Festival, Baneshwar Fair, Mewar Festival etc.|
|Monuments||Amber Fort, City Palace, Gaitore, Jal Mahal, Rambagh Palace, Albert Hall Museum, Hawa Mahal, Jaigarh Fort, Jantar Mantar, Nahargarh Fort, Statue Circle etc.|
|Places of interest||Hawa Mahal, Amber Fort, Jantar Mantar, Jal Mahal, Jaigarh Fort, Albert Hall Museum, City Palace, Nahargarh Fort, Birla Mandir, Govind Devji Temple, Raj Mandir Cinema, Rambagh Palace - Taj Hotels, Jaipur Zoo, Sawai Mansingh Stadium etc.|
|Markets||Johari Bazaar, Kishanpole Bazaar, Chaura Rasta, Tripolia Bazaar, Chandpole Bazaar, Chameliwala Market - Gems, Bapu Bazaar, Nehru Bazaar, Jauhari Bazar (Jeweller's Market), Choti Choppad, Badi Choppad, Indira Bazaar etc.|
|Hospital||Jaipur Hospital, Santokba Durlabhji Memorial Hospital, Monilek Hospital, Jaipur Hospital, Fortis Hospital, Apex Hospital Pvt. Ltd., Imperial Hospital, Aanchal Fertility and Mother Care Hospital, Bhagwan Mahaveer Cancer Hospital and Research Centre etc.|
|Hotel||Raj Palace, Mansingh Hotel, Hotel Jaipur Palace, Hotel Sarang Palace, Umaid Mahal, Hotel Silver Plaza, ITC Rajputana, Hotel Umaid Bhawan, Hotel Jaipur City, Rambagh Palace, Radisson Blu Hotel, Arya Niwas Hotels, Sheraton Hotel, Jaipur Marriott Hotel, The Oberoi Rajvilas, Nana-Ki-Haveli, Shahpura Hotels Jaipur, Trident Jaipur, Jaipur Hotels, Hotel Kalyan, Amer City Heritage Hotel etc.|
|Industries||Jaipur Stock Exchange, Anand Industries, Tarun Industries, Rajasthan Electric Industries, Shree Vishwakarma Industries, Jaipuria Group of Industries Private Limited, Jaipur Industrial Services, Jaipur Time Industries, Summer Internship Training, Software Industrial Project Work, Jaipur Textile Industries, Aditya Autolamp India Pvt Ltd, Netescape Technologies Pvt Ltd, CMC Limited, Next Step Web Solution etc.|
|University/College||University of Rajasthan, Manipal University Jaipur, National Institute of Ayurveda, Indian Institute of Health Management Research, The LNM Institute of Information Technology Jaipur and Malviya National Institute of Technology, Subodh College, Rajasthan Technical University (RTU), Swami Keshvanand Institute of Technology (SKIT), JECRC, Poornima College of Engineering, Gyan Vihar College etc.|
|Notable people||Rajeev Khandelwal - Actor and TV Presenter, Model, Irrfan Khan - Actor, Ila Arun - Singer, Asrani - Actor, Rajeev Khandelwal - Actor, TV presenter, Model, Diya Kumari - Politician, Saawan Kumar Tak - Director, Screenwriter, Producer, Lyricist etc.|
Blogs about Jaipur
Gaitore Royal Cenotaphs: Stone Monuments in Jaipur : Is death bitter? or, is it a way to say goodbye to the mundane world? This is a matter of individual perception. But loss is the essence in both the cases. How different people try to offset the feeling of loss depends on the outllook of those who had once lived and people in their relations. The royal families used to build beautiful and durable crematoriums and memorials. One such memorial is Gaitore, which is…
Night Tour of Amber Fort in Jaipur : As dusk descended on the pink city, the yellow bulbs assisted by the moonlight came to the rescue of the Amber Fort, which otherwise slips into darkness. A night trip to the fort is four times costlier than the day trip. While an entry ticket during the day costs just INR 25 per Indian visitor, at night it becomes INR 100. In 2013, Amber Fort (also known as Amer Fort), the hill fort in Jaipur,…
Five Places for Family Vacations in India : Planning a family vacation is a bigger task than planning a solo trip. A lot many things need to be kept in mind while choosing the right kind of destination according to each and every member of the family. Bigger the family, wider the choices! Family holidays play a major role in maintaining family ties in this super-hectic city life. A vacation is the time when you can give all your attention and love to…
Blue Pottery: The Quintessential Art of Jaipur : There are certain things that eventually become the identities of certain places. Like for instance when you think of Mathura, the first thing that strikes your mind is “pedhe”, similarly, when you think about Kashmir you think about houseboats. So is the case with Jaipur! As I heard someone talk about Jaipur, the first thing that came to my mind was blue pottery! Those of you who have been to Jaipur would definitely agree with…
Jaigarh Fort: The Victory Fort of Rajasthan : Location: Jaipur, Rajasthan The best way to delve into the absolute beauty of the city of Jaipur is to stand at a hill-top fort and have a panoramic view of the city. And Jaigarh Fort is by far the best place to try this. Perched on a promontory called “Cheel ka Teela”, Jaigarh fort was built by Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II. It was precisely built as a military structure in order to protect the…
Last Updated on : August 27, 2015