Victoria Memorial, Kolkata

The Victoria Memorial, situated near Jawaharlal Nehru road in Kolkata, West Bengal, is one of the prime tourist destinations for people from India and overseas. The memorial was built to serve a dual purpose - to mark the great success of the British Empire in India, and as a memorial to Queen Victoria.

These days, the Victoria Memorial Hall has been turned into a museum which is maintained by the Ministry of Culture, Government of India. The museum showcases sketches, miniatures, paintings, books, statues, as well as arms providing insight into that crucial period of Indian history.

About Queen Victoria

The Empress of India, Queen Victoria served the Great Britain as a monarch for more than 63 years. She was made the Queen of the United Kingdom in 1837 after the death of her uncle William IV. She passed away in the year 1901 and was succeeded by her son King Edward VII.


The Victoria Memorial was built between 1906 and 1921 in the honour of Queen Victoria. The idea to construct a memorial in the honour of Queen Victoria was suggested in January 1901 by Lord Curzon, the then Viceroy of India.

The foundation stone of the memorial was laid on 4 January 1906 by the Prince of Wales (King George V). After being under construction for 15 years, the memorial was ready to be visited by public in 1921. The construction work of the memorial was given to Messrs. Martin & Co., Calcutta.

The memorial has been constructed using funds of about 10 million rupees, contributed by the Indian princely states.


The memorial has been designed in white Makrana marble following the Indo-Saracenic revivalist architectural style. A product of Mughal, Deccani, British, Egyptian, Venetian, as well as Islamic designs, the white memorial was under the architectural supervision of William Emerson, the president of the Royal Institute of British Architects. Emerson also had the credit of designing the Crawford Market in Mumbai.

The bridge of the north and the garden gates have been designed by Vincent J. Esch, the assistant of William Emerson. On the top of the central dome is a figure of 'Angel of Victory'. It is a 4.9-metre-tall statue and weighs five tonnes.

Royal Gallery

The gallery has numerous paintings by Jansen and Winterhalter, depicting scenes from the lives of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert.

The treasured artifacts at the gallery include:

  • A piano that was gifted to Victoria in 1829 when she was 10 years old. The piano is famous as the grand piano. Recently the piano has been shifted to the central gallery of the Victoria Memorial.
  • A writing desk which was used by Queen Victoria at the Windsor Castle.
  • The Jaipur Procession: It is the third-biggest oil painting in the world. It depicts King Edward VII visiting his state in 1876.

Some of the paintings depict:

  • Victoria receiving the sacrament at her coronation in Westminster Abbey in June 1838.
  • Victoria's marriage to Albert at St. James' Palace in 1840.
  • The christening of the Prince of Wales ((Edward VII) in St. George's Chapel, Windsor Castle in 1842.
  • Marriage of the Prince of Wales to Princess Alexandra in 1863.
  • The First Jubilee service at Westminster Abbey in 1887.
  • The Second Jubilee service at St. Paul's Cathedral in 1897.

Calcutta gallery

The Calcutta Gallery at the Victoria Memorial is the first city gallery of India. The initiative to set up the gallery was taken up by the then Education Minister of India, Prof. S. Nurul Hasan with the aim to attract intellectuals from all over the world to the memorial.

Paintings at the gallery:

  • Bipin Behari Dutta by R. B. Dutta
  • Michael Madhusudan Dutt
  • Ram Mohan Roy
  • Pontoon bridge between Calcutta and Howrah (popular as Howrah Bridge)
  • Card Players by Bhabani Charan Laha
  • Devendranath Tagore
  • Pykar or peddlers by Mrs. Belnos
  • Goddess Kali by Beni Madhab Bhattacharjee

Some of the other galleries in the memorial are:

  • The National Leaders' Gallery
  • The Portrait Gallery
  • The Central Hall
  • The Sculpture Gallery
  • The Arms and Armoury gallery


Spread over an area of 64 acres, the gardens surrounding the memorial have been designed by David Prain and Redesdale. The garden is maintained by a 21-member team of gardeners.

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The Victoria Memorial - Entry Fee, Timing, Address, Official Website

AddressQueen's Way, Kolkata, West Bengal - 700001
The Entry Fee for GardensDaily ticket : 4 Rs. Per person
Monthly ticket : 100 Rs. Per person
Yearly ticket : 1000 Rs. (Garden tickets does not entitle entry to the museum building).
TimingVisiting Hours - 5:30 AM - 7.00 PM
Days When ClosedMonday
The Entry Fee for Museum:Entry fee for Indians: 10 Rs.
Entry fee for Foreigners : 150 Rs.
Entry fee for Children : Free for school children up to 12 years age in uniform and Army personnel in uniform
* (Ticket counter closes half an hour before the closure of galleries)
Please Note: The museum remains closed to visitors on every Monday and the office remains closed on Sundays and on 2nd Saturdays of every month and also on other Indian Government Holidays.
TimingVisiting Hours - 10.00 hrs to 17.00 hrs
Days When ClosedMonday and All national holidays
Entry Fee for the Victoria Memorial Hall:Entry fee for Indians and Foreigners: 10 Rs. and 20 Rs.
Entry fee for Children : No entry fee for children up to 3 years
Light & Sound (Son-et-Lumiere) shows regularly, as a permanent special event 
TimingOctober to February:
6.15 PM - 7.00 PM (Bengali)
7.15 PM - 8.00 PM (English)

March to June:
6.45 PM - 7.30 PM (Bengali)
7.45 PM - 8.30 PM (English)
Days When ClosedMonday and All national holidays
Phone No (Official) +91-33-22231890 , +91-33-22231891
Photography allowed or notOnly permitted outside the memorial.
Nearest railway stationHowrah Jn Train Station

Last Updated on : April 18, 2015