As per the 2001 Census Report, Chamrajnagar has a population of 60,810. Agriculture forms the economic backbone in the district richly endowed in its mineral deposits.
Chamarajanagar, on the banks of the Cuvery River is a treasure trove of religious and cultural legacy. The legendary Malemahadeshwara Betta shrine accompanied by its annual car rally attracts flocks of tourists. Abounding in natural beauty, the revered temples of BR Hills, the wildlife reserves like the Bandipur Wildlife Sanctuary and Biligirirangana Hills Wildlife Sanctuary, Kaveri Fishing Camp and stately Mahadeswara hills are definitely worth visiting.