Earlier, the tertiary sector dominated the economy of the city. Presently, the industries which contribute to the economy of the city are information technology industry, tourism and leisure industry, tea and coffee production industry, rubber plantation industry and education industry. It houses many medium and large scale industries which come under different sectors. There are industries like coir production, handloom weaving and silk manufacturing. Tourism is another important industry which contributes to its economy. The first industrial park for software, electronics and IT is situated in Thiruvananthapuram.
The erstwhile rulers of Travancore who actively participated in the development of art and culture made significant contributions to the culture of the city. The development of Carnatic music was undertaken by Maharaja Swathi Thirunal, a renowned composer. Similarly, Raja Ravi Varma was an internationally renowned painter whose paintings are preserved in the Sree Chithra Art Gallery. There are many heritage buildings in the city such as Palayan Mosque, Padmanabha Swamy Temple and VJT Hall to name a few. The city houses many libraries, the main being the State Central Library (Trivandrum Public library which was established in 1829). The basic cuisine of the people of the city is the Keralite cuisine.
The city is easily accessible by road, rail and air. The National Highway 66 connects it to other cities like Kozhikode, Kochi and Mangalore. The State Highway 1 also begins from Kesavadasapuram in the city. Besides the private bus operators, the Kerala State Road Transport Corporation (KSRTC) also runs buses in the city. The Thiruvananthapuram Railway Station is one of the biggest railway stations of the country and connects it to other cities of India. There are four other railway stations in the city which provide it good connectivity. Thiruvanathapuram International Airport not only connects it to other states and cities but also to other countries.
The city is the tourism hub of Kerala. It offers a complete package for tourists in the form of hills, beaches, backwaters, wild life sanctuaries and lagoons which reflect the beauty of Kerala. There are many places of interests in the city which draw a large number of local and foreign tourists.
A Little More on the Places of Interest:
- Sri Padmanabhaswamy Temple - The imposing 18-feet long idol of Lord Vishnu in his Sheshashayana (recline on the serpent, Shesha) is reminiscent of Sage Vilvamangalam's first spectacle. The sprawling temple holds the key to the city's very essence.
- East Fort - The East Fort is a reminder of the heritage and golden history of the royal family of Travancore. The Padmanabhaswamy Temple is situated inside the confines of this fort.
- Science & Technology Museum - In the year 1984, the government decided to build the Science and Technology Museum in the heart of the city with an aim to inculcate the younger generation's scientific temperament and spirit of enquiry.
- Government Museum - In 1857, the Government built this repository of art and architecture. Also called Napier Museum, it houses innumerable artifacts such as ivory carvings, paintings, bronze and stone carvings and idols.
- Sri Chitra Arts Gallery - This houses a collection of famous and ancient masterpieces, including Raja Ravi Verma's original oil paintings and ancient Tanjore miniature paintings among others.
- Zoological Gardens - The zoo and marine aquarium of Thiruvananthapuram is a recreational and educative project. The natural habitat of the wild creatures has been simulated by planting tall trees, shrubs and foliage. A lake serves as the home for all the marine creatures housed there.
- Public Park and Observatory - Comprising a pollution-free and tranquil environment, the public park of Thiruvananthapuram is a perfect tourist spot. Such clean air and greenery in such an advanced city, what a wonder!
- Shangumugham Beaches - This beautiful tourist attraction is about 8 km from the city and is a favorite spot for those who love serenity.
- Veli Tourist Village - This place offers a glimpse into the backwaters of Kerala. Cultivated as a picnic spot, boating and other amusement facilities are available here.
- Akkulam Boat Club - Another picnic getaway, Akkulam is famed for its boating options. The club also has a swimming pool for children.
Last Updated on : January 12, 2016