West Bengal: An Overview
In terms of population, West Bengal ranks as the fourth most populated state in India.
Districts of West Bengal
There are 19 districts in the state and they are as follows:
Darjeeling, Cooch Behar, Malda, Jalpaiguri, South Dinajpur (Dakshin Dinajpur), North Dinajpur (Uttar Dinajpur), Bardhaman, Bankura, East Midnapore (Purba Medinipur), Birbhum, Purulia, Hooghly, Howrah, West Midnapore (Paschim Medinipur), Murshidabad, Kolkata, North 24 Parganas (Uttar 24 Parganas), Nadia, and South 24 Parganas (Dakshin 24 Parganas).
Divisions of West Bengal
There are three divisions in the state and they are the Jalpaiguri division, Burdwan division, and Presidency division.
Area of West Bengal
The state covers a total area of 34,267.3 sq miles or 88,752 km2.
Population of West Bengal
According to the census performed in 2011, the population of the state is 91,347,736.
Tourist Attractions in West Bengal
The state is known all over the globe for the Sunderbans. It has nineteen districts and the major cities are Kolkata, Siliguri, Burdwan, Durgapur, Kharagpur, Darjeeling and Malda.
The state is home to two very big natural zones and they are the sub-Himalayan and Himalayan region to the north and the Gangetic Plain to the south.
Neighboring states and countries
The neighboring states are Jharkhand , Odisha , Sikkim , bihar , and Assam. The state shares its international boundaries with Bhutan, Nepal, and Bangladesh.
The principal occupation of the people of the state is farming. It makes the sixth highest contribution to the Gross Domestic Product of the country.
Education in West Bengal
The state is a pioneer in bringing modern education in India. Given below are the names of the famous educational institutes in the state:
Government of West Bengal
At present, the Governor of the state is Mr. M. K. Narayanan. He is appointed by the President of India for a term of five years and acts as the constitutional head of the state. The Chief Minister of West Bengal is Smt. Mamata Banerjee who represents the Trinamool Congress party. The Legislative Assembly or Vidhan Sabha of the state is unicameral in nature and contains 295 seats.
Geography of West Bengal
The state has diverse geographical features which include towering summits of the Himalayan Mountain Range, flat terrain, rivers, and sea. The state shares its boundaries with the Himalayas in the north and the Bay of Bengal to the south. To the west, it is bordered by the states of Jharkhand and Bihar. To the east, it is edged by Bangladesh. To the northeast, it is bordered by Assam, Sikkim and Bhutan. The territory of Nepal lies to the northwest. The state of Orissa is situated to the southwest of the state.
The state is made up of the following varieties of landforms:
- Darjeeling Himalayan hill region
- Terai region
- North Bengal plains
- Rarh region
- Coastal plain
- Western plateau and high lands
- Ganges delta
The state can be divided into the following agro-climatic regions:
- The Teesta and Terai alluvial areas of North Bengal
- The mountainous areas in the north
- The shoreline alluvial areas in the south
- The red, laterectic, and severely rolling areas to the west
- The Vindhya alluvial area in the middle
- The Gangetic alluvial area in the west
West Bengal State Information
|Date of formation||26. Jan. 1950|
|Chief Minister||Mamata Banerjee|
|Tourist attractions||Victoria Memorial, Vidyasagar Setu, Shantiniketan, Darjeeling|
|Festivals||Durga Puja, Rabindra Jayanti|
|Major dance and music forms||Jatra theatre; Baul; Rabindrasangeet|
|Arts and crafts||Terracotta Bankura horses; Kalighat style of painting; hand-woven Baluchari Silk textiles|
|Languages||Bengali, Hindi, Urdu|
|Size||88,752 sq. km|
|Rivers||Hooghly, Teesta, Torsa, Subarnarekha, Joldhara|
|Forests and wildlife sanctuaries||Sunderbans Tiger Reserve, Jaldapara WS|
|State animal||Fishing cat|
|State bird||White-throated kingfisher|
|State tree||Devil tree or chatian|
|Major crops||Rice, maize, oil seeds, sugarcane|
|Factoids||Bengali literature developed early thanks to the cultural awakening brought about by the Brahmo Samaj.|
|Rabindranath Tagore, the first Asian to win the Nobel Prize for Literature, was from Bengal.|
Blogs about West Bengal
TMC cornered yet poised to dominate the last phase of polling in Bengal : Karma, as we all know, is a tricky customer; it strikes and bites back when one least expects. Mamata Banerjee’s evolution from a confident leader ready for a national role to a shaky regional satrap involved in a bitter fight has been quite startling and revealing. Within a couple of months, the BJP has had a remarkable surge, courtesy an aggressive policy which used to be the trademark of Bengal’s firebrand Didi. Irrespective of the…
Opposition cries foul, EC says “all is well” in Bengal election : After couple of rounds of relatively peaceful polling in Bengal, the third phase brought back old memories of CPIM “activism” in their heydays. This time though the allegations were primarily against ruling party of the state TMC who have promptly rebutted those complaints. Surprisingly TMC got support from Election Commission, which said that voting was broadly peaceful. Mantra of “peaceful barricading” The last two phases were held in North Bengal, where TMC doesn't have any…
TMC hopes to win big, EC cautious of possible poll violence : The third round of polling is currently underway in West Bengal. In this phase electorates of 9 seats belonging to 4 districts of South Bengal are voting. TMC remains the overarching dominant player in these seats and is expected to win most. In the last General election, TMC got 5 seats out of the 9 in fray today. Left Front got the rest. Congress and BJP are also putting up a spirited fight in these…
Modi attacks Mamata, gets branded as butcher of Gujarat : 7 years after Sonia Gandhi’s ill-timed “Maut Ka Saudagar” jibe helped Narendra Modi to win emphatically in Gujarat, the Prime Ministerial candidate has been branded as “Butcher of Gujarat” in Bengal. Normally suave Derek-O'Brien tweeted this tirade to counter Modi’s direct bid for supremacy in didi’s land. From sending flowers after Modi won in Gujarat, to launching a vicious personal attack via spokesperson, Mamata – Modi relation has truly undergone a full circle. Modi…
In Bengal, parties fine tuning strategy gauging public reaction : The second phase of polling in Bengal passed without any major hiccup. In total nearly 82% of voters exercised their democratic rights. The only major news came from Jangipur where TMC candidate Haji Nurul entered polling booth with huge number of supporters. A FIR has been filed against him by Election Commission. The path ahead With 11 seats out of the way, political parties are now concentrating on the remaining 31 seats mostly clustered in…
Last Updated on : August 4, 2014