West Bengal Map

Map of West Bengal

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West Bengal is a state which is located in eastern India. The state extends from Bay of Bengal in the south to the Himalayan mountain ranges in the north. The capital of the state of West Bengal is Kolkata and it is the biggest city of the state as well. In Bengali language, it is referred to as Paschim Banga.

West Bengal: An Overview

In terms of population, West Bengal ranks as the fourth most populated state in India.

Districts of West Bengal

There are 19 districts in the state and they are as follows:

Darjeeling, Cooch Behar, Malda, Jalpaiguri, South Dinajpur (Dakshin Dinajpur), North Dinajpur (Uttar Dinajpur), Bardhaman, Bankura, East Midnapore (Purba Medinipur), Birbhum, Purulia, Hooghly, Howrah, West Midnapore (Paschim Medinipur), Murshidabad, Kolkata, North 24 Parganas (Uttar 24 Parganas), Nadia, and South 24 Parganas (Dakshin 24 Parganas).

Divisions of West Bengal

There are three divisions in the state and they are the Jalpaiguri division, Burdwan division, and Presidency division.

Area of West Bengal

The state covers a total area of 34,267.3 sq miles or 88,752 km2.


Population of West Bengal

According to the census performed in 2011, the population of the state is 91,347,736.

Tourist Attractions in West Bengal

The state is known all over the globe for the Sunderbans. It has nineteen districts and the major cities are Kolkata, Siliguri, Burdwan, Durgapur, Kharagpur, Darjeeling and Malda.

The state is home to two very big natural zones and they are the sub-Himalayan and Himalayan region to the north and the Gangetic Plain to the south.

Neighboring states and countries

The neighboring states are Jharkhand , Odisha , Sikkim , bihar , and Assam. The state shares its international boundaries with Bhutan, Nepal, and Bangladesh.

Economy

The principal occupation of the people of the state is farming. It makes the sixth highest contribution to the Gross Domestic Product of the country.

Education in West Bengal

The state is a pioneer in bringing modern education in India. Given below are the names of the famous educational institutes in the state:

Bengal Engineering and Science University, Shibpur, Aliah University, Jadavpur University, Bidhan Chandra Krishi Viswavidyalaya Haringhata, Presidency University, Kolkata, Netaji Subhas Open University, Ramakrishna Mission Vivekananda University, Rabindra Bharati University, University of Burdwan, University of Calcutta, Sidho Kanho Birsha University, University of Kalyani, University of North Bengal, University of Gour Banga, Vidyasagar University, Uttar Banga Krishi Vishwavidyalaya, West Bengal State University, Visva-Bharati University, West Bengal University of Health Sciences, West Bengal University of Animal and Fishery Sciences, West Bengal National University of Juridical Sciences and West Bengal University of Technology.

Government of West Bengal

At present, the Governor of the state is Mr. M. K. Narayanan. He is appointed by the President of India for a term of five years and acts as the constitutional head of the state. The Chief Minister of West Bengal is Smt. Mamata Banerjee who represents the Trinamool Congress party. The Legislative Assembly or Vidhan Sabha of the state is unicameral in nature and contains 295 seats.

Geography of West Bengal

The state has diverse geographical features which include towering summits of the Himalayan Mountain Range, flat terrain, rivers, and sea. The state shares its boundaries with the Himalayas in the north and the Bay of Bengal to the south. To the west, it is bordered by the states of Jharkhand and Bihar. To the east, it is edged by Bangladesh. To the northeast, it is bordered by Assam, Sikkim and Bhutan. The territory of Nepal lies to the northwest. The state of Orissa is situated to the southwest of the state.

Landforms

The state is made up of the following varieties of landforms:
  • Darjeeling Himalayan hill region
  • Terai region
  • North Bengal plains
  • Rarh region
  • Coastal plain
  • Sunderbans
  • Western plateau and high lands
  • Ganges delta
Agro-climatic regions

The state can be divided into the following agro-climatic regions:

  • The Teesta and Terai alluvial areas of North Bengal
  • The mountainous areas in the north
  • The shoreline alluvial areas in the south
  • The red, laterectic, and severely rolling areas to the west
  • The Vindhya alluvial area in the middle
  • The Gangetic alluvial area in the west

West Bengal State Information

CapitalKolkata
Date of formation26. Jan. 1950
GovernorM.K. Narayanan
Chief MinisterMamata Banerjee
Tourist attractionsVictoria Memorial, Vidyasagar Setu, Shantiniketan, Darjeeling
FestivalsDurga Puja, Rabindra Jayanti
Major dance and music formsJatra theatre; Baul; Rabindrasangeet
Arts and craftsTerracotta Bankura horses; Kalighat style of painting; hand-woven Baluchari Silk textiles
LanguagesBengali, Hindi, Urdu
Size88,752 sq. km
Population9,13,47,736
RiversHooghly, Teesta, Torsa, Subarnarekha, Joldhara
Forests and wildlife sanctuariesSunderbans Tiger Reserve, Jaldapara WS
State animalFishing cat
State birdWhite-throated kingfisher
State flowerShephali
State treeDevil tree or chatian
Major cropsRice, maize, oil seeds, sugarcane
FactoidsBengali literature developed early thanks to the cultural awakening brought about by the Brahmo Samaj.
Rabindranath Tagore, the first Asian to win the Nobel Prize for Literature, was from Bengal.


Blogs about West Bengal
Last Phase Of Polling In Bengal
TMC cornered yet poised to dominate the last phase of polling in Bengal : Karma, as we all know, is a tricky customer; it strikes and bites back when one least expects. Mamata Banerjee’s evolution from a confident leader ready for a national role to a shaky regional satrap involved in a bitter fight has been quite startling and revealing. Within a couple of months, the BJP has had a remarkable surge, courtesy an aggressive policy which used to be the trademark of Bengal’s firebrand Didi. Irrespective of the…
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EC says “all is well” in Bengal election
Opposition cries foul, EC says “all is well” in Bengal election : After couple of rounds of relatively peaceful polling in Bengal, the third phase brought back old memories of CPIM “activism” in their heydays. This time though the allegations were primarily against ruling party of the state TMC who have promptly rebutted those complaints. Surprisingly TMC got support from Election Commission, which said that voting was broadly peaceful. Mantra of “peaceful barricading” The last two phases were held in North Bengal, where TMC doesn't have any…
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TMC hopes to win big
TMC hopes to win big, EC cautious of possible poll violence : The third round of polling is currently underway in West Bengal. In this phase electorates of 9 seats belonging to 4 districts of South Bengal are voting. TMC remains the overarching dominant player in these seats and is expected to win most. In the last General election, TMC got 5 seats out of the 9 in fray today. Left Front got the rest. Congress and BJP are also putting up a spirited fight in these…
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Modi attacks Mamata
Modi attacks Mamata, gets branded as butcher of Gujarat : 7 years after Sonia Gandhi’s ill-timed “Maut Ka Saudagar” jibe helped Narendra Modi to win emphatically in Gujarat, the Prime Ministerial candidate has been branded as “Butcher of Gujarat” in Bengal. Normally suave Derek-O'Brien tweeted this tirade to counter Modi’s direct bid for supremacy in didi’s land. From sending flowers after Modi won in Gujarat, to launching a vicious personal attack via spokesperson, Mamata – Modi relation has truly undergone a full circle.   Modi…
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Parties fine tuning strategy gauging public reaction in Bengal
In Bengal, parties fine tuning strategy gauging public reaction : The second phase of polling in Bengal passed without any major hiccup. In total nearly 82% of voters exercised their democratic rights. The only major news came from Jangipur where TMC candidate Haji Nurul entered polling booth with huge number of supporters. A FIR has been filed against him by Election Commission. The path ahead With 11 seats out of the way, political parties are now concentrating on the remaining 31 seats mostly clustered in…
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Last Updated on : 18/04/2013