Bankim Chandra Chatterjee Biography

Bankim Chandra Chatterjee or Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay is famous for penning India's national song, Vande Mataram. This great son of India was born on June 27, 1838 in Kantalpara village in West Bengal's 24 Paraganas district. After completing his early education in Midnapur, he joined the Mohsin College at Hoogly.
He was a voracious reader and was especially interested in Sanskrit literature. He joined the Presidency College in Calcutta in 1856. After completing his education, he joined government service and retired in 1891.

He was adept at both verse and fiction. He shot into the limelight with Durgeshnandini, his first Bengali romance, published in 1865. He then went on to write other famous novels like Kapalkundala in 1866, Mrinalini in 1869, Vishbriksha in 1873, Chandrasekhar in 1877, Rajani in 1877, Rajsimha in 1881 and Devi Chaudhurani in 1884. He brought out a monthly magazine called Bangadarshan in 1872.

His most famous novel was Anand Math, published in 1882, which contains the famous song Vande Mataram. Anandamath depicted an army of Brahmin ascetics fighting Indian Muslims in the pay of the East India Company. The book called for unity among the Hindus and Muslims. This famous song Vande Mataram was set to music by none other than Rabindranath Tagore,.

Bankim Chandra had married when he was only eleven. After his first wife died, he remarried. This great novelist and poet of Bengal, nay entire India passed away on April 8, 1894.

  Related Links  
Regional language authors
Sarat Chandra ChattopadhyayGirish Chandra Ghosh
Michael Madhusudan DuttManik Bandopadhyay
Bankim Chandra ChatterjeeRabindra Nath Tagore

Last Updated on : January 30, 2014


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