West Bengal is famous for its rich cultural heritage and history. The state is birthplace to great Indian leaders in literature, culture, philosophy and politics who have brought honour to India in the world arena. These include Nobel Laureate Rabindranath Tagore, Nobel laureate Amartya Sen, Raja Ram Mohan Roy (father of Social Renaissance in India), Nobel laureate Amartya Sen. Oscar recipient Satyajit Ray, Sri Ramakrishna Paramahamsa, (spiritual leader), Swami Vivekananda (Hindu reformer), Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose (Freedom fighter) Sri Aurobindo (Nationalist and philosopher), Mahasweta Devi (Novelist). Resting place of Nobel laureate Mother Teresa
The population of West Bengal is 9.13 crores(2011 census) and is spread over an area of 88,752 km sq.
Rivers flowing through West Bengal are Ajay, Barakar, Bhagirathi, Bhairab, Damodar, Ganga /Padma, Hooghly, Jalangi, Jaldhaka, Mahananda, Subarnarekha, Teesta and Torsa
Districts and Administration in West Bengal: West Bengal is divided into 23 districts and each district is governed by a District Collector or a District Magistrate, appointed by the Indian Administrative Service or the West Bengal Civil Services. Each district is further divided into sub divisions, governed by a sub divisional magistrate and then into blocks. Blocks comprise of Panchayats and town municipalities. Two districts, Jhargram (carved out of West Midnapore) and Kalimpong (carved out of Darjeeling) have recently been added. Two more districts Asansol-Durgapur (split from Burdwan) and Sundarbans (the world's largest mangrove) have been proposed to be introduced in the state.
Cities in West Bengal are well connected by Air, Railways and Road. Two main airports are Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose International Airport (Kolkata) and The Bagdogra Airport (near Siliguri). There are also many military airports in the state. West Bengal has a good road network with 15 National Highways (WB SH 1 to 15) connecting the cities.
List of Districts in West Bengal
|S No.||District||Headquarters||Population (Census 2011)||Sex Ratio (per 1000)||Average Literacy|
|4||Cooch Behar||Cooch Behar||2819086||942||74.78%|
|14||North 24 Parganas||Barasat||10009781||955||84.06%|
|18||South 24 Parganas||Alipore||8161961||956||77.51%|
Last Updated on: 24 March 2020