West Bengal Map


Map of West Bengal

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Map of West Bengal Darjiling Kalimpong Jalpaiguri Alipurduar Koch bihar Uttar Dinajpur Dakshin Dinajpur Maldah Murshidabad Birbhum Nadia Pashchim bardhaman Puruliya Bankura Purba Bardhaman North24-parganas Hugli Jhargram Paschim Medinipur Purba Medinipur Haora Kolkata South24-parganas SIKKIM NEPAL BIHAR BHUTAN ASSAM MEGHALAYA JHARKHAND ORISSA BANGLADESH
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*Map of West Bengal with districts, railways, rivers and major road network. Disclaimer




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West Bengal is an Indian state located in the eastern India. The state extends from Bay of Bengal in the south to the Himalayan mountain ranges in the north. The capital of the state of West Bengal is Kolkata and it is the biggest city of the state as well. In Bengali language, it is referred to as Paschim Banga.

West Bengal: An Overview

In terms of population, West Bengal ranks as the fourth most populated state in India.

Districts of West Bengal

There are 23 districts in the state and they are as follows:

Alipurduar, Bankura, Birbhum, Burdwan, Cooch Behar, Dakshin Dinajpur, Darjeeling, Hooghly, Howrah, Jalpaiguri, Jhargram, Kalimpong, Kolkata, Malda, Murshidabad, Nadia, North 24 Parganas, Paschim Medinipur, Purba Medinipur, Purulia, South 24 Parganas, Uttar Dinajpur and West Burdwan.

Divisions of West Bengal

There are three divisions in the state and they are the Jalpaiguri division, Burdwan division, and Presidency division.

Area of West Bengal

The state covers a total area of 34,267.3 sq miles or 88,752 km2.

Population of West Bengal

According to the census performed in 2011, the population of the state is 91,347,736.

Tourist Attractions in West Bengal

The state is known all over the globe for the Sunderbans. It has twenty-three districts and the major cities are Kolkata, Siliguri, Burdwan, Durgapur, Kharagpur, Darjeeling and Malda.

The state is home to two very big natural zones and they are the sub-Himalayan and Himalayan region to the north and the Gangetic Plain to the south..

Neighboring states and countries

The neighboring states are Jharkhand , Odisha , Sikkim , bihar , and Assam. The state shares its international boundaries with Bhutan, Nepal, and Bangladesh.

Economy

The principal occupation of the people of the state is farming. It makes the sixth highest contribution to the Gross Domestic Product of the country.

Education in West Bengal

The state is a pioneer in bringing modern education in India. Given below are the names of the famous educational institutes in the state:

Bengal Engineering and Science University, Shibpur, Aliah University, Jadavpur University, Bidhan Chandra Krishi Viswavidyalaya Haringhata, Presidency University, Kolkata, Netaji Subhas Open University, Ramakrishna Mission Vivekananda University, Rabindra Bharati University, University of Burdwan, University of Calcutta, Sidho Kanho Birsha University, University of Kalyani, University of North Bengal, University of Gour Banga, Vidyasagar University, Uttar Banga Krishi Vishwavidyalaya, West Bengal State University, Visva-Bharati University, West Bengal University of Health Sciences, West Bengal University of Animal and Fishery Sciences, West Bengal National University of Juridical Sciences and West Bengal University of Technology.

Government of West Bengal

At present, the Governor of the state is Mr. Keshari Nath Tripathi. He is appointed by the President of India for a term of five years and acts as the constitutional head of the state. The Chief Minister of West Bengal is Smt. Mamata Banerjee who represents the Trinamool Congress party. The Legislative Assembly or Vidhan Sabha of the state is unicameral in nature and contains 295 seats.

Geography of West Bengal

The state has diverse geographical features which include towering summits of the Himalayan Mountain Range, flat terrain, rivers, and sea. The state shares its boundaries with the Himalayas in the north and the Bay of Bengal to the south. To the west, it is bordered by the states of Jharkhand and Bihar. To the east, it is edged by Bangladesh. To the northeast, it is bordered by Assam, Sikkim and Bhutan. The territory of Nepal lies to the northwest. The state of Orissa is situated to the southwest of the state.



Landforms

The state is made up of the following varieties of landforms:
  • Darjeeling Himalayan hill region
  • Terai region
  • North Bengal plains
  • Rarh region
  • Coastal plain
  • Sunderbans
  • Western plateau and high lands
  • Ganges delta
Agro-climatic regions

The state can be divided into the following agro-climatic regions:

  • The Teesta and Terai alluvial areas of North Bengal
  • The mountainous areas in the north
  • The shoreline alluvial areas in the south
  • The red, laterectic, and severely rolling areas to the west
  • The Vindhya alluvial area in the middle
  • The Gangetic alluvial area in the west

West Bengal State Information

CapitalKolkata
Date of formation26/01/50
GovernorKeshari Nath Tripathi
Chief MinisterMamata Banerjee
Tourist attractionsVictoria Memorial, Vidyasagar Setu, Shantiniketan, Darjeeling
FestivalsDurga Puja, Rabindra Jayanti
Major dance and music formsJatra theatre; Baul; Rabindrasangeet
Arts and craftsTerracotta Bankura horses; Kalighat style of painting; hand-woven Baluchari Silk textiles
LanguagesBengali, Hindi, Urdu
Size88,752 sq. km
Population (Census 2011)91276115
RiversHooghly, Teesta, Torsa, Subarnarekha, Joldhara
Forests and wildlife sanctuariesSunderbans Tiger Reserve, Jaldapara WS
State animalFishing cat
State birdWhite-throated kingfisher
State flowerShephali
State treeDevil tree or chatian
Major cropsRice, maize, oil seeds, sugarcane
FactoidsBengali literature developed early thanks to the cultural awakening brought about by the Brahmo Samaj.
Rabindranath Tagore, the first Asian to win the Nobel Prize for Literature, was from Bengal.
No. of District23


Blogs about West Bengal
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Last Updated on : July 13,2020