CV Raman (Awarded the Bharat Ratna in 1954)
Sir Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman (CV Raman) was an internationally acclaimed scientist, born in the Madras province of India, the present day Tamil Nadu. Raman, who was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1930, is often cited around the world for his work dealing with the scattering of light, specifically the changing wavelength of diverted light. He was the first Indian scientist to have been awarded a Nobel prize and the second Indian origin Nobel awardee, superseded only by Rabindranath Tagore (literature). Raman was also the founder of the Indian Journal of Physics (1926), as well as its first editor. In 1949, he established the Raman Research Institute in Bangalore, Karnataka, where he served as the director until his death in 1970.