Geographical features of Idukki District
The Idukki district covers a total area of 1,971.14 sq miles or 5,105.22 km2, making it the 2nd biggest district of the state of Kerala after Palakkad. The district forms 12.9% of the total area of Kerala.
Approximately 97% of the overall area of the Idukki district is encompassed by jungles and craggy mountains. The altitude of the place is 1,200 meters or 3,900 feet above sea surface.
The district shares its boundaries with the districts of Kottayam in the southwest, Pathanamthitta in the south, Thrissur in the north, Ernakulam in the northwest and Dindigul, Coimbatore, and Theni in the east (Tamil Nadu).
The Anamudi Peak, which is the tallest peak in South India and a part of the Western Ghats Mountain Range, is situated in this district. The altitude of this peak is 8,842 feet or 2,695 meters. The major rivers of the district are the Thodupuzhayar, Periyar, and Thalayar rivers.
Population of Idukki District
According to the census conducted in 2011, the population of the district is 1,129,221. The density of population is 259 /km2 or 671 per sq mile.
Administrative divisions of Idukki District
The subdivisions or taluks in the district are Udumbanchola, Devikulam, Thodupuzha and Peerumade. There are 65 villages in these subdivisions. The district houses eight community development blocks and they are Adimali, Devikulam, Azhutha, Nedumkandom, Idukki, Kattappana, Thodupuzha and Elamdesom.
Educational institutes in Idukki District
Given below are the names of the famous educational institutes in the district:
- University College of Engineering Thodupuzha
- Government Engineering College, Painavu
- College of Engineering Munnar
- Mar Baselios Christian College of Engineering and Technology
- Government College, Munnar
- Government College, Kattappana
- Marian College, Kuttikkanam
- M.E.S College, Nedumkandam
- Newman College, Thodupuzha
- N.S.S College, Rajakumari
- St. Joseph College Moolamattam
- Mar Baselios College Adimaly
- Pavanathma College Muricassery
Tourist attractions in Idukki District
Chinnar Wildlife Sanctuary, Anakkara, Idukki, Eravikulam National Park, Kattappana, Kalvari Mount, Mangaladevi Temple, Malankara Dam, Mattupetty, Marayoor, Munnar (hill station), Devikulam (hill station), Meenuliyanpara, Pallivasal, Nadukani Tower, Ramakkalmedu, Rajamala, Thommankuthu, and Thekkady.
Wildlife in Idukki District
There are many protected areas and wildlife reserves in the district such as Kurinjimala Sanctuary in the east, Periyar Tiger Reserve in the south, Eravikulam National Park, Chinnar Wildlife Sanctuary in the northeast, Pampadum Shola National Park in the south, Anamudi Shola National Park in the north, and Thattekad Bird Sanctuary in the west.
These protected areas and wildlife reserves are particularly famous for housing the following imperiled and rare varieties of wildlife:
- Nilgiri Tahr
- Nilgiri Wood-pigeon
- Grizzled Giant Squirrel
- Purple Frog
- Sambar Deer