West Bengal

  • Victoria Memorial
  • Imambara Mosque at Bandel
  • Kalna Temple
  • Katra Mosque
  • Tea Gardens
  • Interior of Darjeeling Train
  • Himalayan Zoological Park
  • Darjeeling Train at the Batista Loop
  • Chauu dance
  • Kanchenjunga Mountain

West Bengal Location Map

West Bengal Location Map

West Bengal Map

West Bengal Travel Map

West Bengal Travel Map


Facts on West Bengal


About West Bengal

West Bengal is located in the northeastern part of the country. It is bounded on the north by Bhutan and the state of Sikkim, on the east by Bangladesh, on the northeast by the state of Assam
, on the south by the Bay of Bengal, on the southwest by the state of Orissa, on the northwest by Nepal, and on the west by the state of Bihar. The alluvial plain in the south is watered by the legendary River Hooghly and its tributaries - Mayurakshi, Damodar, Kangsabati and the Rupnarayan. The Himalayan north, comprising the districts of Darjeeling, Jalpaiguri and Cooch Bihar are watered by the swift flowing rivers Tista, Torsa, Jaldhaka and Ranjit. Variations in altitude result in great variety in the nature and climate of West Bengal. From the northern highlands at the feet of the Himalayas to the tropical forests of Sunderbans, West Bengal is a land of myriad beauty, each region different from the other.

West Bengal Facts

Although in area West Bengal ranks as one of the smaller states of India, it is one of the largest in population. The capital is Calcutta, India's third largest metropolitan city by population; other important cities and towns are Howrah, Asansol, Durgapur and Siliguri, Darjeeling, Kharagpur and Haldia. West Bengal has a single-chamber legislative assembly with 295 seats. The state sends 58 members to the Indian national parliament: 16 to the Rajya Sabha (Upper House) and 42 to the Lok Sabha (Lower House). Local government is based on 19 administrative districts.

West Bengal History

Bengal finds a coveted place even in pre-historic times. At the time of Alexander's invasion a powerful kingdom called Gangaridai ruled over Bengal. Ascendancy of the Guptas and the Mauryas had somewhat little effect on Bengal. Later Sasanka became the king of Bengal and is said to have played an important role in the early half of the seventh century. He was succeeded by Gopala who founded the Pala dynasty which ruled for centuries and had created a huge empire. The Palas were followed by the Sena dynasty which was ended by Muslim rulers from Delhi. Bengal was ruled by various Muslim rulers and governors till the Mughal period in sixteenth century. More Details...

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West Bengal Industrial Map
West Bengal Industrial Map

Economy and Infrastructure of West Bengal

Agriculture plays a pivotal role in the state's income, and nearly three out of four persons in the state are directly or indirectly involved in agriculture. The state accounted for 66.5 percent of the country's jute production including mesta in 1993-94, and 22.2 percent of tea production during the same period. Important crops of the state include potatoes, oilseeds, betelvine, tobacco, wheat, barley and maize. The state also occupies a leading position among principal rice growing states of India, by contributing 15.3 percent of the total production of rice in the country. The state has a significant mineral output, including dolomite, limestone, and china clay. It has steel plants, an automobile-manufacturing plant, and numerous chemical, machinery-building, and light-engineering industries. Here's a profile of the state's infrastructure:

Roads Surfaces - 25984 Km, Un-surfaced - 32016 Km, National Highways - 1631 Km
Railways 3767 Km Eastern & South Eastern Railway Headquarters are in Calcutta.
Telecommunications Basic Telephone - Working Lines - 797800 Waiting list - 150200 Express Demand - 1.4 per 100 population VSNL has its International Gateway and Earthstation in and around Calcutta. Mobile Cellular Services (GSM) is provided by Modi - Telstra and Usha Martin Telecom Malaysia within Greater Calcutta. Mobile Services proposed in the rest of the State by Reliance/Nynex. Public Radio Paging Services provided by four operators E-mail Services available from a host of operators.
Airports Domestic:   Bagdogra
International:   Calcutta
Major Ports Calcutta, Haldia

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Society and Culture of West Bengal

About three quarters of the population lives in the villages. Of the different religions, Hinduism, with its substrata of castes and aboriginal tribes, claims the adherence of more than three-fourths the population, most of the remainder being Muslim. West Bengal contains about 40 recognized communities of tribes--the better known among them being the Santals, Oraons, Munas, Lepchas, and Bhutias--that make up less than one-tenth of the total population. Bengali is the language of most of the people, with Hindi, Urdu, Nepali, and English as minority languages. English, however, is the language of administration and a lingua franca for business purposes.More Details...

Tourist Spots in West Bengal

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West Bengal Travel Map
West Bengal Travel Map
This state of east India attracts tourists from all over the country. The diversified physical features of the place make West Bengal a favorable tourist destination. Be it mountains or lush green forests, sea beaches or places of worship, the state has all. Some of the major places of visit in the state are as follows:


This district is said to be decorated by nature's own hands. The brown hills and gleaming rivers makes the place a famous tourist destination. The age old temples are the specialty of the place. Names of some of the famous places of visit in this district are given below:
  • Biharinath Hill
  • Jhilimili
  • Kalachand Temple
  • Rasmanch
  • Shyam Roy Mandir
  • Madanmohan Mandir
  • Chhinnamasta Mandir
  • Malleshwar Temple
  • Susunia Hill
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How to Reach West Bengal

This state, being one of the major states of India, can be reached from both national and international destinations by the following modes of transport:

By Rail: The city of Kolkata is the head quarter of the eastern as well as the south eastern divisions of the Indian Railways. Howrah Railway Station, Sealdah Railway Station and New Jalpaiguri Railway Station are some of the major railway stations in the state, which connects the place to the other parts of the country. Following are some of the trains serving this state of India:
  • Coromandel Express
  • Duronto Express
  • Gitanjali Express
  • Howrah Mail
  • Kolkata Rajdhani Express
  • Sealdah Duronto Express
  • Sealdah Rajdhani Express

West Bengal Geography

The Geography of West Bengal is varied. The state of West Bengal is situated in the eastern part of India. On the east lies Bangladesh. Sikkim and Bhutan lie on the north of West Bengal. The state of Assam is situated on the north east of West Bengal. Bihar and Jharkhand is situated on the western side of the state. The geographical location of the state is 23 degree North latitude and 88 degree East longitude. The total area of West Bengal is 88,752 sq km. According to the census of 2001, the state has a population of 8,02,21,171. The population density of West Bengal per square kilometer is 904. Out of the total population of the state, the ratio between males and females is 934. The population of West Bengal is predominated by the Bengali population. But immigration from different states of India has enriched the population diversity of West Bengal.  More Details...

West Bengal Media

In the modern world newspapers are among the most easy and common ways to propagate information. West Bengal has over five hundred newspapers published daily out of which over three hundred are in Bengali. The state owned television broadcaster is Doordarshan and the public radio station is All India Radio. Private FM stations are only available in Asansol, Kolkata and Siliguri. Newspapers of West Bengal generally publish current news of the state, nation and the world. The news published in these newspapers is about political, social, criminal, cultural, business, sports events. They also publish editorials, cartoons focusing on contemporary issues in a comic way and articles by eminent scholarly people.  More Details...

West Bengal Government

The most stable state government of the country, the current West Bengal Government is in the power for the last thirty years at a stretch. The left front led state government of West Bengal has excelled in many aspects over the years. However it has also faced severe criticism in some areas of its activities. The political scenario of the state comprised of the national parties like the Communist Party of India Marxist, CPI, All India Forward Block, Bahujan Samaj Party, the Indian National Congress, the Bharatiya Janata Party, Samajwadi Party, National Congress Party and regional parties like the Trinamool Congress, SUCI, CPIML, Jharkhand Mukti Morcha, PDS, JDS, JDU, RSP, etc.
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West Bengal Judiciary

The state of West Bengal is blessed with a systematic and organized Judiciary that helps in the quick delivery of justices. Unlike United States of America, India does not follow a Federal system of Government. India adheres to the Unitary System of governance under which the Supreme Court is the highest Judicial authority that is supported by the High Courts of each state. More Details...

Demographics of West Bengal

The state is the 4th most populous state of the country and the 7th most populous state in the world. Let us have a quick look at some of the demographic details of this east Indian state:
  • Total population: 91, 347, 736 (According to Census 2011)
  • Male population: 46, 927, 389
  • Female population: 44, 420, 347
  • Density of population: 1, 029.2 per sq. km. (2, 665.7 per sq. mi.)
  • Decennial population growth: 11, 171, 539
  • Decennial growth rate: 13.93 %
  • Sex ratio: 946.57 females per 1, 000 males
  • Total population (In the age group of 0 year to 6 years): 10, 112, 599 (11.07 %)
  • Male population (In the age group of 0 year to 6 years): 5, 187, 264 (11.05 %)
  • Female population (In the age group of 0 year to 6 years): 4, 925, 335 (11.09 %)
  • Total literacy: 62, 614, 556 (77.1 %)
  • Male literacy: 34, 508, 159 (82.67 %)
  • Female literacy: 28, 106, 397 (71.16 %)
  • Official languages: Bengali and English
  • Main religion: Hindu (Around 72.5 %), Muslim (About 25.2 %) and others (2.3 % approximately)

Districts of West Bengal

West Bengal located in eastern India is the country's fourth most populous state. With Kolkata (formerly Calcutta) as its capital, West Bengal has two very distinct natural regions; the Gangetic plains in the north and the Himalayas in the north. West Bengal is famous for its cultural heritage and for being home to India's Nobel Laureate Rabindranath Tagore and Raja Ram Mohan Roy, regarded by many as the Father of the Bengal Renaissance Movement. The population of West Bengal is 91,347,736 (2011 census) and is spread over an area of 88,752 km sq.  More Details...

West Bengal Hill Stations

West Bengal hill stations are one of the major attractions of this State. From the breathtaking views of Darjeling to the quite retreats of Siliguri, from the stunning Tea Gardens to the woody forests, West Bengal hill stations have something for everyone.Some of these hill stations are also sites of historical and religious significance. But it is the tranquil and scenic beauty of the West Bengal hill stations that attract the visitors from all over the world. Each hill station is different from the other and provide great opportunities for the visitors to lose themselves in the serene lap of nature. There are forests and valleys, picturesque settings and tranquil mountain walks. Some of West Bengal's hill stations are very old and date back to the ancient times of Indian history. They provide the perfect mountain experience to the visitors.More Details...

Other tourist attractions

To name a few other places those are worth visiting in this state are:
  • Ayodhya Hill
  • Bandel Church
  • Cooch Behar Palace
  • Curzon Gate
  • Digha Beach
  • Gandhi Ghat
  • Indian Botanical Garden
  • I. S. K. C. O. N. (International Society for Krishna Consciousness) Temple at Mayapur
  • Kantanagar Temple
  • Raiganj Bird Sanctuary
  • Santiniketan
  • Sunderbans National Park
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West Bengal Information

West Bengal or Paschim Banga, located in eastern India is the cultural hot seat of India. There are abundant sources of West Bengal Information that provide a glimpse of the Bengali culture and rich architecture of the state. Bangaldesh flanks West Bengal on the east while Bhutan, Assam and Sikkim form the northeastern boundary. Orissa and Nepal lie to the southwest and northwest, respectively and Jharkhand and Bihar lie to the west. The state has been a part of several empires and records a splendid history. West Bengal was a mute witness to the ravages of the Battle of Plassey. More Details...

West Bengal Emergency numbers

The West Bengal emergency numbers consists of the numbers of the police department, police stations, hospitals, blood banks, railway station, airport and other essential parts of the state. The emergency numbers of the state of West Bengal is of great assistance to the citizens. The state has many centers, which provide round the clock ambulance service for the patients. The hospitals of the state also have their own ambulance. Hospitals are scattered all over the state of West Bengal. The government has set up hospitals even in remote areas with free bed facilities to ensure proper treatment of all the patients in the state. To aid the medical sector of the society, there are many 24-hours chemists' shops in the state of West Bengal that leaves its center open on all days of the week and throughout the day.  More Details...

Last Updated on : September 24, 2014

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Chauu Dance
Chhau Dance
Darjeeling Train
Darjeeling Train
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Victoria Memorial
Victoria Memorial