CBSE Geography Sample Papers and Syllabus for Class 12th

CBSE 10th Date sheet 2021      CBSE 12th Date Sheet 2021

SECTION A

There are 24 questions in this section. Attempt any 20 questions.

1. Which one of the following Union Territories has the highest density of population?

  • NCT Delhi
  • Andaman and Nicobar Island
  • Chandigarh
  • Puducherry

The correct answer is NCT Delhi.





2. Arrange the following approaches in a sequential order according to their development. Choose the correct option.

  1. Spatial organization
  2. Regional approach
  3. Areal differentiation
  4. Humanistic approach

Options

  • 1 4 2 3
  • 4 1 3 2
  • 2 3 1 4
  • 3 2 4 1

The correct answer is 2 3 1 4.





2. Arrange the following approaches in a sequential order according to their development. Choose the correct option.

  1. Spatial organization
  2. Regional approach
  3. Areal differentiation
  4. Humanistic approach

Options

  • 1 4 2 3
  • 4 1 3 2
  • 2 3 1 4
  • 3 2 4 1

The correct answer is 2 3 1 4.





3. Panna, Para, Palli, Nagla and Dhani are examples of which of the following settlements?

  • Clustered Settlements
  • Semi-Clustered Settlements
  • Dispersed Settlements
  • Hamleted Settlements

The correct answer is Hamleted Settlements.





4. Which of the following programs sponsored by central government aims at enabling the rural population to conserve water for drinking, irrigation, fisheries and afforestation?

  • Arvary Pani Sansad
  • Haryali
  • Neeru-Meeru
  • Narmada bachao

The correct answer is Haryali.





5. Population of India according to Occupation can be categorized into:

  • Main workers, Marginal workers, Non workers
  • Marginal workers, Household industrial workers, Non workers
  • Agricultural labourers, Marginal workers, Non workers
  • Cultivators, Main workers, Marginal workers

The correct answer is Main workers, Marginal workers, Non workers.





6. Who among the following developed the concept of ‘human development’?

  • Ellen C. Semple
  • Dr Mahbub-ul-haq
  • Kanwar Sen
  • Griffith Tailor

The correct answer is Dr Mahbub-ul-haq.





7. Which one of the following is not a plantation crop?

  • Coffee
  • Sugarcane
  • Rubber
  • Wheat

The correct answer is Wheat.





8. Which of the following best describes ‘development’?

  • An increase in size
  • A constant in size
  • A positive change in quality
  • A simple change in quality

The correct answer is A positive change in quality.





9. Which of the following programme is launched by the present Union Government for the cleaning of river Ganga?

  • Ganga Action Plan
  • Namami Gange
  • Ganga Namami Action Plan
  • Ganga Cleaning Mission

The correct answer is Namami Gange.





10. Which of the following mainly is not an industrial city?

  • Bhilai
  • Durgapur
  • Chandigarh
  • Barauni

The correct answer is Chandigarh.





11. Which one of the following is not a method of mining?

  • Shaft mining
  • Opencast mining
  • Underground mining
  • Refining

The correct answer is Refining.





12. According to census 2011, which of the following depicts the percentage of the level of urbanization in India?

  • 31.16 %
  • 28 %
  • 33.16 %
  • 26 %

The correct answer is 31.16 %.





13. According to Census of India, migration is enumerated on which of the following basis?

  • Place of Origin
  • Place of residence
  • Place of Origin as well as Place of Residence
  • Place of Birth

The correct answer is Place of Origin as well as Place of Residence.





14. Through which of the following, functional relations establish between rural and urban areas?

  • Through the means of transport and communications
  • Through the supply of raw material
  • Through the exchange of finished products in rural areas
  • Through the consumption of products produced in rural areas

The correct answer is Through the supply of raw material.





15. Coffee Plantations in Brazil are known as:

  • Downs
  • Campos
  • Fazendas
  • Pampas

The correct answer is Fazendas.





16. Who among the following is related to ‘capability approach’?

  • Dr Mahbub-ul-haq
  • Prof Amartya Sen
  • Malthus
  • Ratzel

The correct answer is Prof Amartya Sen.





17. Which of the following areas of our country are deficient in rainfall and are drought prone?

  • North- eastern states
  • Deccan Plateau
  • Gangetic Plain
  • Brahmaputra valley

The correct answer is Deccan Plateau.





18. Which of the following colonial super power had monopoly over sugarcane plantation in Indonesia?

  • British
  • French
  • Dutch
  • Americans

The correct answer is Dutch.





19. Which of the following is a good example of Fort town?

  • Jaipur
  • Banaras
  • Mathura
  • Rameshwaram

The correct answer is Jaipur.





20. Which one of the following concepts is related to Naturalization of Humans?

  • Environmental Determinism
  • Possiblism
  • Humanism
  • Neo-Determinism

The correct answer is Environmental Determinism.





21. Which one of the following is the main feature of rural settlement?

  • Derive economic needs from primary activities
  • Derive economic needs from secondary activities
  • Derive economic needs from tertiary activities
  • Derive economic needs from quaternary activities

The correct answer is Derive economic needs from primary activities.





22. Which of the following sectors has used the highest percentage of total water in India?

  • Domestic
  • Commerce
  • Agriculture
  • Industry

The correct answer is Agriculture.





23. Who among the following has introduced the concept of Neo-determinism?

  • Ratzel
  • Griffith Taylor
  • Allen c.Semple
  • Paul Vidal de la Blache

The correct answer is Griffith Taylor.





24. Which of the following attributes has not been adversely affected by Age and Skill selective migration?

  • Downfall in working population in rural areas
  • The whole burden of agricultural work has to be borne by the old population in rural areas.
  • Only old people and women are left behind in the place of origin
  • Balance in age and sex composition

The correct answer is Downfall in working population in rural areas.





SECTION B

(There are 24 questions in this section. Attempt any 20 questions.)

Question no. 25-29 are based on map and are mandatory to attempt. ( Visually Impaired students will also attempt MCQs )


25. Choose the country with largest Geographical area in the African Continent

  • Algeria
  • Sudan
  • Egypt
  • South Africa

The correct answer is Algeria.





26. Which one of the followings is a region of commercial grain farming practiced in Europe?

  • Pampas
  • Steppes
  • Downs
  • Prairies

The correct answer is Steppes.





27. Which one of the following is a region of North America practicing subsistence gathering?

  • Great Lake
  • Prairies
  • North Canada
  • Mexico

The correct answer is North Canada.





28. Which of the following terminal stations connect Trans-Canadian Railway?

  • Halifax and Vancouver
  • New York and San Francisco
  • Halifax and Montreal
  • Calgary and Vancouver

The correct answer is Halifax and Vancouver.





29. Which of the following is the most heavily used inland waterway of the world?

  • Suez Canal
  • Panama Canal
  • Rhine Waterway
  • Volga Waterway

The correct answer is Rhine Waterway.





Question no. 30-48 (Attempt any 15)

30. Consider the following statements and choose the correct option from the given options

  1. Population grown rapidly during the sixteenth and seventeenth century.
  2. Expansion of world trade during sixteenth and seventeenth century is an important cause of it
  • Only 1 is correct.
  • Only 2 is correct
  • Both the statements are incorrect
  • Both statements are correct and statement 2 correctly explains the statement

The correct answer is Both statements are correct and statement 2 correctly explains the statement.





31. Which of the following pair is not correctly matched

PILLARS OF HUMAN DEVELOPENT - INDICATORS

  • Equity -making equal access to opportunities available to everybody
  • Sustainability -Continuity in the availability of opportunities
  • Productivity -Resources must be used keeping in mind the future
  • Empowerment-To have the power to make choices

The correct answer is Productivity -Resources must be used keeping in mind the future.





32. ”Each community occupies a well-identified territory as a matter oftradition”. Above mentioned line is an important characteristic of which of the following activity?

  • Subsistence agriculture
  • Nomadic herding
  • Plantation agriculture
  • Collective farming

The correct answer is Nomadic herding.





33. Which of the following statement is not true regarding the ‘Smart City Mission’?

  • To promote cities that provide core infrastructure, a clean and sustainable environment and give a decent quality of life to its citizens
  • To apply smart solutions to infrastructure and services in order to make them better
  • Use of fewer resources, providing cheaper services and focus on sustainable and inclusive development.
  • Increase in unemployment

The correct answer is Increase in unemployment.





34. Which of the following is NOT an environmental consequence of migration?

  • Unplanned growth of urban settlement
  • Mixing of diverse culture
  • Depletion of ground water
  • Exploitation of natural resource

The correct answer is Mixing of diverse culture.





35. In Himalayan regions which of the following tribes are linked with the activity of Transhumance?

  • Bheels
  • Gonds
  • Bakarwals
  • Santhals

The correct answer is Bakarwals.





36. Match the column I with Column II and choose the correct options with the help of given Codes.



COLUMN I (CITIES) COLUMN II (FUNCTIONAL SPECIFICATION)
I. Ambala 1. Mining town
II. Mughal Sarai 2. Transport town
III. Ankaleshwar 3. Educational town
IV. Aligarh 4.Garrison town
V. Shimla 5. Commercial town
VI .Saharanpur 6. Tourist town

CODES

IIIIIIIVVVI
a.123456
b.421365
c.654321
d.214356

The correct answer is
IIIIIIIVVVI
b.421365





37. This age was marked by use of computers and sophisticated statistical tools. Laws of physics were often applied to map and analyze. Select the correct option.

  • Regional analysis
  • Quantitative revolution
  • Areal Differentiation
  • Spatial organization

The correct answer is Spatial organization.





38. In which of the following streams of migration, females pre-dominate in both intra-state and inter-state migration?

  • Urban to rural
  • Urban to urban
  • Rural to rural
  • Rural to urban

The correct answer is Rural to rural.





39. Which of the following column is not matched correctly



ACTIVITY CHARACTERISTIC
a) Truck farming Growing of vegetables
b) Factory farming Rearing of poultry and cattle
c) Market gardening Growing of flowers
d) Viticulture Rearing of fish

The correct answer is
ACTIVITY CHARACTERISTIC
d) Viticulture Rearing of fish





40. Consider the following features and choose the correct title after associating them.

  1. More often such a pattern may also result from segregation or fragmentation oflarge compact village.
  2. The land- owning and dominant community occupies the central part of the main village whereas people of lower strata of society and menial workers settle on the outer flanks of the village.
  3. They are found in Gujarat plains and some parts of Rajasthan.

OPTIONS

  • Hamleted Settlement
  • Semi-clustered or fragmented
  • Clustered Settlements
  • Isolated Settlements

The correct answer is Semi-clustered or fragmented.





41. Consider the following and choose the correct answer from the given options

  1. Work participation rate tend to be higher in the areas of lower levels of economic development.
  2. Number of manual workers are needed to perform the subsistence or near subsistence economic activities

OPTIONS

  • Only statement I is correct
  • 10
  • Both statements are correct and statement II correctly explains statement I
  • Only statement II is correct
  • Both the statements are incorrect

The correct answer is Both statements are correct and statement II correctly explains statement I.





42. Consider the following statements and choose the correct option for the same:

  1. Grape cultivation is the specialty of the Mediterranean agriculture.
  2. Wines are produced from high quality grapes and the inferior grapes are dried into raisins and Currants.

OPTIONS

  • Only 1 is correct
  • Both 1 and 2 are correct
  • Only 2 is correct
  • Both are incorrect

The correct answer is Both 1 and 2 are correct.





43. Match the column I with column II and choose the correct answer with the help of given Codes.



COLUMN I (RIVERS) COLUMN II (POLLUTED PLACE)
I Yamuna 1. Hyderabad
II Kali 2. Kanpur and Varanasi
III Gomati 3. Ahmedabad
IV Sabarmati 4. Lucknow
V Ganga 5. Muzaffar Nagar
VI Musi 6. Delhi and Etawah

Codes-

IIIIIIIVVVI
a.654321
b.123456
c.653412
d.231546

The correct answer is
IIIIIIIVVVI
a.654321





44. In the year 2015, a policy was formulated for the adolescents to give them proper guidance and the better development of their talent. Select the correct answer.

  • Skill development and entrepreneurship
  • Universalisation of education
  • Rejuvenation of schools
  • National Youth Policy

The correct answer is Skill development and entrepreneurship.





45. Which of the following pairs is not matched correctly?



CITIES BASIS OF DEVELOPMENT
a) Prayag (Allahabad) On religious and cultural basis
b) Lucknow Based on the remnants of ancient cities
c) Kolkata On cultural basis
d) Mumbai In the form of commercial port

The correct answer is
CITIES BASIS OF DEVELOPMENT
c) Kolkata On cultural basis





46. Match the column I with column II and choose the correct answer with the help of given Codes



COLUMN I(CITIES) COLUMN II (TYPES OF CITIES)
I . Jamshedpur 1.Summer resort
II. Bhuvaneshwar 2. Satellite town
III. Ghaziabad 3. Industrial town
IV Mussoorie 4. Commercial port
V Goa 5. Administrative town

CODES

IIIIIIIVV
a.12345
b.35214
c.54321
d.35421

The correct answer is
IIIIIIIVV
b.35214





47. Consider and evaluate the following statements than choose correct options for them from the given options

  1. Many species now have become extinct or endangered due to illegal hunting.
  2. The early hunters used primitive tools made of stones, twigs or arrows so the number of animals killed were limited

Options

  • Only statement 1 is correct
  • Only statement 2 is correct
  • Both statements 1 and 2 are correct
  • Both statements are incorrect

The correct answer is Both statements 1 and 2 are correct.





48. Make correct pairs of the following two columns and select the correct option.



Period Approach
1. Early colonial period (a) Exploration & Description
2.Late 1950's to the late 1960's (b) Regional Analysis
3. Later colonial period (c) Aerial Differentiation
4. 1930's through the inter-war period (d) Spatial Organization

Options

  • 1. (a) 2. (d) 3. (b) 4. (c)
  • 1. (d) 2. (a) 3. (c) 4. (b)
  • 1. (b) 2. (c) 3. (d) 4. (a)
  • 1. (a) 2. (b) 3. (c) 4. (d)

The correct answer is 1. (a) 2. (d) 3. (b) 4. (c)





SECTION C

SOURCE BASED QUESTIONS

Question number 49 to 52 are compulsory to attempt

Jal Kranti Abhiyan (2015-16)

Water is a recyclable resource but its availability is limited and the gap between supply and demand will be widening over time. Climate change at the global scale will be creating water stress conditions in many regions of the world. India has a unique situation of high population growth and rapid economic development with high water demand. The Jal Kranti Abhiyan launched by the Government of India in 2015–16 with an aim to ensure water security through per capita availability of water in the country. People in different regions of India had practised the traditional knowledge of water conservation and management to ensure water availability. The Jal Kranti Abhiyan aims at involving local bodies, NGOs and cititzens, at large, in creating awareness regarding its objectives.

The following activities have been proposed under the Jal Kranti Abhiyan: 1. Selection of one water stressed village in each 672 districts of the country to create a ‘Jal Gram’.

model command area of about 1000 hectares in different parts of the country, for example, UP, Haryana (North), Karnataka, Telangana, Tamil Nadu (South), Rajasthan, Gujarat (West), Odisha (East), Meghalaya (North-East). 3. Abatement of pollution: • Water conservation and artificial recharge. • Reducing groundwater pollution. • Construction of Arsenic-free wells in selected areas of the country. 4. Creating mass awareness through social media, radio, TV, print media, poster and essay writing competitions in schools. Jal Kranti Abhiyan is designed to provide livelihood and food security through water security.

49. Present day world is experiencing acute water paucity due to:



  • Climate Change
  • Industrial Pollution
  • Rising Sea level
  • Forest Depletion

The correct answer is Climate Change





50. Which of the following is not a characteristic feature of Model Command Area in India?



  • Water conservation and artificial recharge
  • Reducing groundwater pollution
  • Construction of Arsenic-free wells in selected areas of the country
  • Not concerned with food security and livelihood of the people

The correct answer is Not concerned with food security and livelihood of the people





51. The Objective of the Jal Kranti Abhiyan is achieved through:.



  • Using traditional know how
  • Adopting modern technology
  • Mixing modern technology with traditional knowledge
  • Outsource to some other organization

The correct answer is Mixing modern technology with traditional knowledge





52. The Objective of the Jal Kranti Abhiyan is achieved through:



  • Creating Jal Grams
  • Reducing ground water pollution
  • Per capita availability of water
  • Construction of arsenic free wells

The correct answer is Per capita availability of water





GRAPH BASED QUESTION

Attempt any 3 questions from the following questions 53-56

Study the given graph carefully and answer the following questions:


53. How does the natural increase in population occur, as per the graph?



  • Birth Rate – Death Rate
  • Death Rate + Birth Rate
  • Growth Rate - Birth Rate
  • Birth Rate + Migration

The correct answer is Birth Rate – Death Rate





54. What does the transition from high fluctuating stage to low fluctuating stage indicate?



  • Shift from Urban Industrial economy to Rural Agrarian economy
  • Shift from Rural Agrarian economy to Urban Industrial economy
  • Low Birth and Death Rate to High Birth and Death Rate
  • Migration from Urban to Rural areas

The correct answer is Shift from Rural Agrarian economy to Urban Industrial economy





55. From the given graph, what condition can you infer about the developing countries?



  • High Birth Rate and High Death Rate
  • Low Birth rate and Low Death rate
  • High Birth Rate and Low Death Rate
  • Low Birth Rate and High Death Rate

The correct answer is High Birth Rate and Low Death Rate





56. In which stage of Demographic Transition, population explosion took place



  • Stage I
  • Stage II
  • Stage III
  • Post Stage III

The correct answer is Stage II





For Visually Impaired Candidates In lieu of Q No. 53-56 (Graph Based Question)

53. Why are Fertility and Mortality rates high in the first stage of Demographic Transition Theory?



  • People have a lot of buffer stock as food security.
  • People reproduce more to compensate for the deaths due to epidemics.
  • People are highly educated at this stage.
  • There is technological advancement in all fields

The correct answer is People reproduce more to compensate for the deaths due to epidemics.





54. What led to decline in Mortality rate in the Second stage of Demographic Transition Theory?



  • Due to improvement in Sanitation and Health conditions.
  • Due to insufficient supply of food grain that led to starvation.
  • Due to widespread illiteracy all over the world.
  • Due to unfavorable sex ratio prevailing in developing countries.

The correct answer is Due to improvement in Sanitation and Health conditions.





55. Why does fertility rate show a declining trend in the third stage of Demographic Transition Theory?



  • This is because human beings are not able to adjust their fertility.
  • Literacy rates show a downward trend all over the world.
  • The population becomes urbanized and has high technical knowhow.
  • There is acute food shortage in countries with a high Human Development Index.

The correct answer is The population becomes urbanized and has high technical knowhow.





56. In which stage of Demographic Transition, population explosion took place



  • Stage I
  • Stage II
  • Stage III
  • Post Stage III

The correct answer is Stage II





DATA BASED QUESTIONS

Attempt any 3 questions from the following questions 57-60


57. Which year has seen a negative population growth rate in India?



  • 1931
  • 1921
  • 1911
  • 1941

The correct answer is 1921





58. What was the highest recorded growth rate of population in India?



  • 24.66
  • 24.80
  • 23.85
  • 21.54

The correct answer is 24.80





59. Which year has recorded the highest growth of population in India in terms of absolute numbers?



  • 2001
  • 2011
  • 1991
  • 1981

The correct answer is 2001





60. How much population increase has been registered between the census years 1911 to census year 2011?



  • 900789600
  • 182307640
  • 181583094
  • 971797095

The correct answer is 971797095







Last Updated on : December 07, 2021

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