K.R Gowri Amma Biography

K.R.Gowri Amma is the founder of Janathipathiya Samrakshana Samithy (JSS) and has actively participated in the Communist Movement of Kerala.

K.R.Gowri Amma was born at Pattanakad, in Alappuzha district, to K.A.Raman and Parvathi. She studied in schools in Thiroor and Cherthala, and graduated from Maharajas College, Ernakulam. She then pursued her degree of law from Law College, Ernakulam.

K.R.Gowri Amma’s elder brother Sukumaran was an active member of the Communist party and she joined the party under his influence. She was elected at the Travancore Council Of Legislative Assembly in 1953 and 1954 with vast majority. In 1957, she became Revenue minister in the first E.M.S. Namboodiripad, Ministry and administered the first land reforms bill. In 1957, she married T. V. Thomas, a fellow minister and CPI member. As a result of her expulsion from the CPI (M) in 1994 on charges of anti-party activities she established a new political party called Janadipathya Samrakshana Samithi (JSS).

K.R.Gowri Amma holds the record of sitting 16,345 days in the Kerala assembly and winning 12 assembly elections in Kerala, she lost just once in1977 polls. As a legislator of Kerala Assembly Gowri Amma has completed 50 years. She held the office as a minister six times.

K.R.Gowri Amma has been associated with numerous social and political movements:

    • President of Kerala Karshaka Sangam(1960 to 1984)
    • President of Kerala Mahila Sangam (1967 to 1976)
    • Secretary of Kerala Mahila Sangam(1976 to 1987)
    • Secretariat Member of CPI(M) State Committee
    • Established the Janathipathiya Samrakshana Samithy(JSS,1994)
    • General Secretary of Janathipathiya Samrakshana Samithy