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Phanishwar Nath Renu is a revolutionary novelist of the post-Premchand era of the Hindi literature. He was the voice of the contemporary rural India and among the pioneers to bring regional voices into the mainstream Hindi literature. He was born on 4th March 1921 in Aurahi Hingna in the district of Purnia. He received his primary education in Araria and Forbesganj. He passed his Matriculation from Viratnagar Adarsh Vidyalaya(school), Viratnagar, Nepal. And Intermediate from Kashi [...]

Padmakar is a famous poet of the Riti Kaal of Hindi literature. His full name was Padmakar Bhatt. He belonged to a family of scholars and poets so his family was called ‘Kavishwar’. They were patronized by the courts of Panna, Gwalior, Bundi, Udaipur, and Jaipur. His father Mohanlal Bhatt was a brahmin. Padmakar was born in 1753, in Sagar, in Madhya Pradesh. He was a scholar of ritishastra, and an excellent writer who wrote [...]

Considered to be the Father of post independence Indian verse in English, Nissim Ezekiel was a prolific poet, playwright, critic, broadcaster and social commentator. He was born on December 24, 1924 in a Jew family. His father was a professor of botany and mother was principal of her own school. Ezekiel was inclined to the poets such as T.S. Eliot. Yeats, Ezra Pound in his school days. The influence of all these literary personalities was [...]

Nagarjun is a legendary writer of the Hindi literature. He was affectionately called Nagarjun ‘Janakavi’- the People’s Poet by his contemporaries and admirers. His poems predominantly deal with politics, problems of ordinary people, of the peasantry and of the proletariat. He was born in a lower middle class Brahmin family in 1911 in a small village of Tarauni in Darbhanga district of Bihar. He was named Vaidyanath Mishra by his parents but was more popular [...]

Biography of Munshi Premchand Dhanpat Rai Srivastava or Munshi Premchand as he was better known was born on 31 July, 1880 in Lamahi near Varanasi in Uttar Pradesh. He ranks as one of the tallest icons in the field of modern Hindi and Urdu literature. He had to face tremendous struggles to make his ends meet due to his patents’ early death. In 1910, the District Magistrate in Jamirpur reprimanded him for his collection of [...]

Mohan Rakesh was one of the pioneers of the Nai Kahani (literally “new story”) movement of the Hindi literature in the 1950s and made considerable contribution to novel, travelogue, criticism, memoirs, short story, and drama. Mohan Rakesh was born on 8th January 1925 in Amritsar. He did his masters in Hindi and English from Punjab University. He was a talented playwright and novelist. As we go through his early works we find a gradual development [...]

Mirza Ghalib was a famous Urdu and Persian poet of the Indian subcontinent in the 19th century. His original name was Mirza Asadullah Baig Khan. His original pen-name was Asad but he changed it to Ghalib, which means ‘conqueror’. According to historical documents, Ghalib had no formal education. Personal Life Mirza Ghalib was born on 27 December, 1796 in Kala Mahal, Agra. He was of Turkish descent. His father and uncle died when he was [...]

The eminent Hindi writer Jaishankar Prasad was born on 30th January, 1889 in an aristocratic family of Varanasi, in Uttar Pradesh. This celebrated writer of modern Hindi literature was a novelist, dramatist, poet and a story-writer. Prasad belonged to the Chhayavaadi school of Hindi poetry. He lost his father Babu Devki Prasad, a tobacco dealer at a very early age. From the early days of his childhood he was interested in language, literature, history and [...]

Hazari Prasad Dwivedi is a well-known critic, novelist, literary historian and essayist of Hindi literature. He wrote innumerable novels, essays and a historical outline of Hindi literature. He was born in 1907 in a small village of Arat-Dubeka Chhapra, in Ballia district of Uttar Pradesh. He was passionate about astrology, Sanskrit, and Indian religion and culture. He received his early education in Sanskrit. After passing his Intermediate examination in 1930, Hazari Prasad Dwivedi passed Astrology [...]

Girish Chandra Ghosh, the father of the modern Bengali stage, apparently led a bohemian lifestyle. An atheist and a rebel, Girish Chandra Ghosh was the greatest dramatist of his time. He owned a theater company in Calcutta , the ‘National Theater’ and was also renowned as a poet, a playwright, an actor and a trainer. He created classical based music for the plays. Girish Chandra Ghosh, was born on the 28th February, 1844, as the [...]