Jamini Roy was born in 1887 in Bankura in West Bengal. In 1903, Jamini Roy came to Kolkata and took admission in the Government School of Art. He was a student of Abanindranath Tagore. Roy painted a couple of beautiful portraits and landscapes that shows his unquestionable artistic qualities.
In his early days Jamini Roy went through extreme poverty and was forced to take odd jobs. His Kalighat paintings was sold outside the Kalighat Temple.
His simplicity and spontaneity is reflected through his work. When he was thirty he changed his conventional practice of art and started drawing on his own surfaces made of cloth, wood and lime-coated mats. He started using earthen and vegetable colors. His paintings evoke a sense of nostalgic lyricism which is one of the powerful weapons of the folk painters of Bengal.
This is one of Jamini Roy’s greatest contributions to modern Indian Art. He adopted neat patterns, rhythmic outlines and bright colors from his predecessors such as Abanindranth Tagore and Raja Ravi Verma. Some famous paintings of Jamini Roy include- Santhal drummers, toiling blacksmith, Krishna-Balaram and figures of women as for example Radha,Gopi,Pujarini and Child.
These works became very popular during the 1940’s.Jamini Roy’s customers were mainly from Bengal and Europe. In 1946 his exhibition was held in London and in 1953 in New York. He received Padma Bhushan in the year 1955.
This great personality passed away in 1972 in Calcutta at the age of 85.