The Aravali Range runs across the state from Mount Abu, which is 1,722 m in height to Khetri. Most of the region of Rajasthan is covered by the Thar Desert.
The state economy is mainly agricultural and pastoral. Sugarcane, pulses, oilseeds, cotton and tobacco are the major crops of the region.
The Indira Gandhi Canal irrigates the northwest Rajasthan. It is also the largest producer of marble and sandstone. These minerals are excavated at Makrana near Jodhpur.
It has rich salt deposits at Sambhar and copper mines at Khetri and Dariba. The service sector comprises industries like tourism and real estate. Because of its natural beauty and great history, Rajasthan also has a flourishing tourism industry.
Demographic features of Rajasthan
The population of the state is mostly Rajasthani. The various religions or faiths representing the population are as follows:
Hindus - 88.8%
Muslims - 8.5%
Jains - 1.2%
Sikhs - 1.4%
In addition, there are also some Sindhis in Rajasthan who came to the state post partition in 1947.
The first language of the most of the population in the state is Rajasthani. Hindi and Rajasthani are the two most significantly spoken languages in the state. In a number of schools, the Rajasthani language is utilized as a medium of teaching together with English and Hindi. Sindhi, Gujarati, and Punjabi are the other languages in the state.
Rajasthan State Information
|Date of formation||1. Nov. 1956|
|Chief Minister||Ashok Gehlot|
|Tourist attractions||Mount Abu , Jaipur Palace, Hawa Mahal, Jaisalmer Fort, Ranthambore, Pushkar|
|Festivals||Teej, Gangaur festival, Bikaner festival, Marwar festival|
|Major dance and music forms||Ghoomar and Kalbeliya dances; Kathputali puppet theatre; Bhopa;.|
|Arts and crafts||Rajasthani miniature paintings such as Kangra, Jodhpur, Jaipur etc; Pichhvai paintings; hand-block . printing; Panihari music.|
|Size||342,239 sq. km|
|Population (Census 2011)||68,548,437|
|Rivers||Luni, Banas, Kali Sindh, Chambal|
|Forests and wildlife sanctuaries||Sariska Tiger Reserve, Keoladeo Ghana NP, Ranthambore NP, Dhawa WS|
|State bird||Great Indian bustard|
|Major crops||Jowar, pulses, maize, gram|
|Factoids||Jaipur's Elephant Festival has a tug-of war between humans and elephants.|
|Bikaner has a Karni Mata temple in which rats are worshipped.|
|No. of District||33|
Last Updated on : September 24, 2014