Telangana is expected to become the 29th and the newest state of India on June 2. It was previously a part of the state that was earlier known as Andhra Pradesh. Before India became independent it was included in the state of Hyderabad, which comprised two divisions, namely, Warangal and Medak. At that time the region was governed by the Nizams. The region has been in news recently as the focal point of a tussle between the erstwhile state of Andhra Pradesh and the national administration - while the Union Government has agreed to the creation of the new state, Andhra Pradesh has opposed it on grounds of territorial integrity. The region, as per the 2011 Census, has a population of almost 35,286,757, which accounted for 41.6% of the population of Andhra Pradesh.
List of districts in Telangana
Following is a list of the districts that will make up the province of Telangana:
Boundaries: The future state of Telangana is surrounded in its northwestern and northern directions by Maharashtra. Karnataka encircles the region towards the west and Chhattisgarh lies to its northeastern direction. To the east of Telangana is Odisha.
Span: In all, the region covers an area spanning 114,840 kilometers, which is equivalent of 44,340 square miles.
Rivers: The most important rivers of this would-be province are Musi, Krishna, Manjira and Godavari.
Cities: The largest cities of Telangana are going to be Hyderabad, Nizamabad, Warangal and Karimnagar.
History of Formation of Telangana
The movement to create a separate state of Telangana from Andhra Pradesh had started during the period following the creation of the state. There had been several movements but the most important ones happened during 1969, 1972 and 2009. Over the years, the movement only gathered a lot of steam.
The process of creating the separate state of Telangana was initiated on December 9, 2009 with a formal announcement from the Indian Government. However, as a mark of protest against this decision, MLAs and MPs from the Rayalseema and Coastal Andhra areas tendered their resignations.
These regions also saw some violent protest after the said announcement. As a result of all these, the Indian government was forced to put the process on the backburner on December 23, 2009. The Telangana movement, however, continued unabated in Hyderabad as well as other districts of the region.
However, the process began yet again on July 30, 2013 when Congress, the ruling party of India, decided to plead the Indian Government to create the new state of Telangana. It was decided that Hyderabad would continue to be the joint capital of both Telangana and Andhra Pradesh for the next decade. The process met with the approval of the Union Cabinet on October 3, 2013.
A Group of Ministers (GoM) draft bill on Telangana was approved by the Indian Government on December 5, 2013, following which the bill was submitted to the Parliament so that both the houses could vote on the same. The 15th Lok Sabha voted in favour of creating a new state on February 18, 2014 and the Rajya Sabha followed suit on February 20, 2014.
Pranab Mukherjee, the President of India, provided his consent to the decision on March 1, 2014 and the Gazette notification for the same was brought out on the same day. It was announced by the Indian Government on March 4, 2014 that the new state of Telangana would be created on June 2.
Why is it called Telangana?
It is said that both the name Telangana as well as the language in circulation in the state has come from the words Trilinga or Trilinga Desa, which means the country of the three lingas. As per a Hindu legend, Shiva came down on three mountains called Kaleshwaram, Draksharama and Srisailam as a linga. These mountains basically acted as the borders of the region and are supposed to be situated somewhere between the rivers Godavari and Krishna. The word is also used in order to separate the Telugu- speaking region from the Marathi dominions and designate it as a part of the state of Hyderabad.
Why was Telangana created?
The supporters of Telangana have cited discrepancies and deprivation in many areas such as water resources distribution, jobs and allotments of budget as the basic reasons for creating a new state. The region used to contribute approximately 62% of the revenues generated in Andhra Pradesh. It has been stated that even though it had almost 69% of the catchment areas of both Godavari and Krishna, it received only around 19% of the benefit provided by the various irrigation projects. It has also been alleged that in majority of the years the state government did not spend the money allotted for the development of Telangana.
Professor Jayashankar has estimated that only 20% of government employees are recruited from the region. As far as the secretariat is concerned, the count goes down to around 10% and only 5% of the officers who lead various departments are from Telangana. He has also pointed out that in the 50 years of the state's existence, chief ministers from Telangana have served for only six-and-a-half years.
The proponents of Telangana have also pointed that the state legislature as well as the Lok Sabha has failed to honour the various agreements, promises and plans and this has left the state in a lurch of neglect, backwardness and exploitation.
Controversy and objection in creating Telangana
Ever since the creation of Telangana was announced there was a lot of protest from various politicians in Andhra Pradesh. However, a major incident occurred on February 13, 2014 when Meira Kumar, the speaker, introduced the bill at 1200 hours. A lot of slogans were being shouted and it was at this time that Lagadapati Rajagopal, an MP, used pepper spray. He, later, went on to say that he had used it in self defense since Congress MPs from other states had attacked him. His actions caused a lot of disturbance to the proceedings of Lok Sabha and some members of the lower house of the parliament had to be hospitalized.
Several Andhra MPs also faced suspension from the Lok Sabha as a result of their actions. They were:
Indian National Congress
- Sabbam Hari
- A Sai Prathap
- Anantha Venkatarami Reddy
- Suresh Kumar Shetkar
- Rayapati Sambasiva Rao
- KRG Reddy
- SPY Reddy
- Bapi Raju Kanumuri
- M Sreenivasulu Reddy
- G Sukhender Reddy
- V Aruna Kumar
- Niramalli Sivaprasad
- K Narayana Rao
- Nimmala Kristappa
- M Rajamohan Reddy
- Y Jaganmohan Reddy
Effects of Telangana Creation
As per political experts there could be various effects of the creation of Telangana. The main argument of the supporters of this decision is that it would be easier to administer a smaller state like Telangana. However, judging by the way Jharkhand has been governed since its creation such an argument may not hold much ground. It is also expected that the creation of Telangana would lead to further instability in India as similar other movement such as Gorkhaland, Vidarbha and Bodoland will only gain ground.
Last Updated on : April 9, 2014